Doctor insights on:
Opportunistic Infections In Children
Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more
Possibly: This could be a sign of aids developing from HIV itself. Could be 'final stage' if no longer responding to haart (anti-viral treatments) which should help prevent most opportunistic infections once the HIV viral load is suppressed. If otherwise stable most of these infections have specific treatment options. ...Read more
Healthy lifestyle: Eat healthfully w at least 5 servings of vegetables & 4 of fruit /day (organic is best). Increase nutritional fiber. Avoid refined sugar & junk carbohydrates. Avoid sweetened juices, soda & caffeinated beverages. Watch portion sizes. No tobacco, illicit drugs & low to no alcohol use. Aim for 7.5 to 8 hrs sleep /night. Hydrate w at least 64 oz of water / day. Maintain good hygiene. Daily physical ...Read more
Caused by HIV: Aids is a clinical syndrome caused by infection with hiv. Over time HIV weakens the immune system. As the immune system wanes, the person has an increasingly difficult time fighting off infections from which a person with a "normal" immune system would typically not suffer, a.K.A. "opportunistic" infections. These can include other viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites. Hope this helps. ...Read more
Immunodeficiency: Primary or acquired immunodeficiency should be suspected. ...Read more
Immune problem?: It can be very normal for a toddler to have a mild respiratory infection once a month, and secondary infections such as thrush and yeast infections can result. The term OPPORTUNISTIC infection has a very specific implication in the medical field. Recurrent, true, opportunistic infections in a child indicates immune dysfunction until proven otherwise, and requires a complete medical evaluation. ...Read more
If a rapid progressor has HIV then does he remains sick continuosly for 2 - 3 yrs or get opportunistic infections at the end of these 2 - 3 yrs?
HIV: Your astute question is difficult to answer, mainly because this is such a highly variable illness, with each patient providing their own clinical variant. As a rule, patients who progress rapidly have low CD4 counts earlier than others, and this obviously then predisposes to opportunistic infections, but interestingly some not as readily as others. Hope this helps. ...Read more
there should be zero opportunistic infections if one is on effective HIV treatment. This is the miracle of this decade. Good care and appropriate medications lead to prolonged health and longer life.
But, without treatment there are the standards: thrush, pneumocystis, shingles, severe herpes, lymphoma, meningitis, etc. ...Read more
Are there treatments to boost immunity in immunocompromised people? Or are there only treatments for the potential opportunistic infections?
Depends: On the cause for immune compromise, primary or secondary, replacement therapy with immunoglobulins is given if low, stopping the offending drug or titrating if it is the cause, Antiretroviral therapy in HIV, bone marrow transplant if bone marrow failure either 1ry or 2ry, otherwise good sleep, fresh air, exercise, lots of fruits and vegetables and healthy lifestyle, wish you wellness, ...Read more
Where can I find relatively extensive info on immunosuppression & opportunistic infections on the web other than wikipedia? Thanks in advance!
Many sites: Try web MD, google thetopics and you will find a lot of sites. You can also ask your physician about options ...Read more
Can opportunistic infections occur in healthy people? Ie- if you get one does this mean you have a serious immune issue like hiv or cancer?
Opportunistic infect: Usually but we never say never opportunistic infections as the name implies needs an " opportunity" due to a decreased immune response. Other weakened states are diabetes, autoimmune disease., infancy or elderly What infection are you referring to and where is ti occurring? Some like coccidio occur in health individual in endemic areas, as can histo. F/u/ w/ doc ...Read more
Why can opportunistic infections may increase the risk of malnutrition in the patient with HIV / aids?
Multiple reasons: Infections generate the release of cytokines which suppress appetite; some opportunistic pathogens (giardia, cryptosporidium, CMV and others) may actually cause malabsorption resulting in malnutrition and vitamin deficiencies. There is also a wasting syndrome in aids, the full etiology of which is not yet fully understood. ...Read more
No: There is no link between the two. ...Read more