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Doctor insights on: Opportunistic Infections In Aids

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Dr. Richard Alan Lewis
3 doctors shared insights

Opportunistic Infections In Aids (Overview)

Opportunistic Infections in AIDS are conditions caused by viruses, fungi, parasites and bacteria that rarely affect people with normal immune systems, but are able to infect those with AIDS because HIV has hurt the immune system's ability to defend oneself.


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Why can opportunistic infections may increase the risk of malnutrition in the patient with HIV / aids?

Why can opportunistic infections may increase the risk of malnutrition in the patient with HIV / aids?

Multiple reasons: Infections generate the release of cytokines which suppress appetite; some opportunistic pathogens (giardia, cryptosporidium, CMV and others) may actually cause malabsorption resulting in malnutrition and vitamin deficiencies. There is also a wasting syndrome in aids, the full etiology of which is not yet fully understood. ...Read more

Dr. Richard Alan Lewis
3 doctors shared insights

Opportunistic Infections In Aids (Overview)

Opportunistic Infections in AIDS are conditions caused by viruses, fungi, parasites and bacteria that rarely affect people with normal immune systems, but are able to infect those with AIDS because HIV has hurt the immune system's ability to defend oneself.


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Are opportunistic infections the final stage aids?

Are opportunistic infections the final stage aids?

Possibly: This could be a sign of aids developing from HIV itself. Could be 'final stage' if no longer responding to haart (anti-viral treatments) which should help prevent most opportunistic infections once the HIV viral load is suppressed. If otherwise stable most of these infections have specific treatment options. ...Read more

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Living with AIDS (Checklist)

Choose your doctor carefully
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Understand your disease in detail
Once
Be compliant and adherent with your medications
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Keep your appointments regularly
Once
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Are opportunistic infections the final stage aids?

Possibly: This could be a sign of aids developing from HIV itself. Could be 'final stage' if no longer responding to haart (anti-viral treatments) which should help prevent most opportunistic infections once the HIV viral load is suppressed. If otherwise stable most of these infections have specific treatment options. ...Read more

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Can you tell me more about aids and opportunistic infections?

Can you tell me more about aids and opportunistic infections?

Caused by HIV: Aids is a clinical syndrome caused by infection with hiv. Over time HIV weakens the immune system. As the immune system wanes, the person has an increasingly difficult time fighting off infections from which a person with a "normal" immune system would typically not suffer, a.K.A. "opportunistic" infections. These can include other viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites. Hope this helps. ...Read more

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Treating a Bladder Infection (Checklist)

Ask your doctor about taking an antibiotic or a urine test
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Drink plenty of fluids to help dilute the urine and flush the bladder
Daily
Avoid irritating fluids and food: caffeine, citrus, alcohol, spicy
Daily
Take an over-the-counter analgesic for pain and to soothe bladder
Daily
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How can you prevent getting opportunistic infections?

How can you prevent getting opportunistic infections?

Healthy lifestyle: Eat healthfully w at least 5 servings of vegetables & 4 of fruit /day (organic is best). Increase nutritional fiber. Avoid refined sugar & junk carbohydrates. Avoid sweetened juices, soda & caffeinated beverages. Watch portion sizes. No tobacco, illicit drugs & low to no alcohol use. Aim for 7.5 to 8 hrs sleep /night. Hydrate w at least 64 oz of water / day. Maintain good hygiene. Daily physical ...Read more

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What causes my 1-year-old to get chronic opportunistic infections?

What causes my 1-year-old to get chronic opportunistic infections?

Impaired immunity: The key word in your question (opportunistic) suggests primary immune deficiency. Recurrent viral infections not considered 'opportunistic' can be normal in young children while their immune system is still developing. ...Read more

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Treating a Kidney Infection (Checklist)

Call dr if you have fever or back pain. Kidney infections are serious
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Begin your antibiotic immediately and complete the entire course
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Drink plenty of fluids to stay well-hydrated and help flush infection
Daily
Get plenty of rest and sleep to help your body fight the infection
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What causes my 1-year-old to get chronic opportunistic infections?

What causes my 1-year-old to get chronic opportunistic infections?

Immunodeficiency: Primary or acquired immunodeficiency should be suspected. ...Read more

Dr. Mark Ingerman
9 doctors shared insights

Infection (Definition)

Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more


Dr. Martin Raff
681 doctors shared insights

Aids (Definition)

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, or AIDS, is the final stage of HIV, which causes intense damage to the immune system. It is associated with a low CD4 lymphocytes count and clinical signs of immune dysfunction. Specifically, AIDS begins when the CD4 cell ...Read more