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Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more
Immune problem?: It can be very normal for a toddler to have a mild respiratory infection once a month, and secondary infections such as thrush and yeast infections can result. The term OPPORTUNISTIC infection has a very specific implication in the medical field. Recurrent, true, opportunistic infections in a child indicates immune dysfunction until proven otherwise, and requires a complete medical evaluation. ...Read more
HIV+ complications: Hi there should be zero opportunistic infections if one is on effective HIV treatment. This is the miracle of this decade. Good care and appropriate medications lead to prolonged health and longer life. But, without treatment there are the standards: thrush, pneumocystis, shingles, severe herpes, lymphoma, meningitis, etc. ...Read more
Why can opportunistic infections may increase the risk of malnutrition in the patient with HIV / aids?
Multiple reasons: Infections generate the release of cytokines which suppress appetite; some opportunistic pathogens (giardia, cryptosporidium, CMV and others) may actually cause malabsorption resulting in malnutrition and vitamin deficiencies. There is also a wasting syndrome in aids, the full etiology of which is not yet fully understood. ...Read more
Possibly: This could be a sign of aids developing from HIV itself. Could be 'final stage' if no longer responding to haart (anti-viral treatments) which should help prevent most opportunistic infections once the HIV viral load is suppressed. If otherwise stable most of these infections have specific treatment options. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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