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Doctor insights on: Omphalocele Vs Exomphalos

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What is the difference between an omphalocele and exomphalos?

What is the difference between an omphalocele and exomphalos?

Big difference : Omphalocele is a congenital lack of fusion of the abdominal wall. Exophthalmos is being "bug eyed", where the eyes protrude outward. ...Read more

Dr. David Earle
332 doctors shared insights

Umbilical Hernia (Definition)

This is a hole in the abdominal wall at the belly button, the location of the umbilical cord during fetal development. It usually closes by itself as it fills with scar tissue. Infants with a hernia here usually resolve by age 4-5. Adults may develop a hole here for unknown reasons, and will see a lump under the skin ("outie") where intra-abdominal contents have ...Read more


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What's omphalocele or gastroschesis?

What's  omphalocele or gastroschesis?

Abdominal wall defects: Omphalocele is an abdominal wall defect through the umbilical ring and cord, usually contained within the amniotic sac. Gastroschisis is an abdominal wall defect usually right of the umbilical ring and cord without any sac. ...Read more

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Is a gastroschisis or omphalocele the same?

Is  a gastroschisis or omphalocele the same?

No: Gastroschisis is an abdominal wall defect to the right of the umbilicus. The bowel is exposed to the amniotic fluid and gets chemically irritated. Usually only small and/or large bowel are exposed. Omphalocele is a hernia of the umbilical cord. The defect is usually larger and may have bowel and liver in the sac. There can other defects associated with omphalos. ...Read more

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Which is worse: gastroschisis or an omphalocele?

Which is worse: gastroschisis or an omphalocele?

Comparison: Omphalocele is usually associated with other congenital problems. like heart or genetics defects which affect long term outcome. Gastroschisis is not associated with other problems, but it could be challenging for surgical repair and gut function afterwards ...Read more

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What is the prognosis of gastroschisis and an omphalocele?

What is the prognosis of gastroschisis and an omphalocele?

Good: gastroschisis without intestinal injury is 100% survivable. Omphalocele on the other hand is associated with major heart and CNS defects that may prove quite significant. ...Read more

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What are their any alternatives to surgery for omphalocele?

What are their any alternatives to surgery for omphalocele?

Depends: a lot depends on the size of the omphalocele. the larger it is(the defect) the more organs it will contain. small ones can be closed easily like a hernia. larger ones may need to be closed gardually via several operations spanning many months. the most significant issue is if there are there any associated birth defects. these defect ocurr about 30% of the time and can affect the heart, brain, etc ...Read more

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What is the difference between gastroschisis and omphalocele?

What is the difference between gastroschisis and omphalocele?

Defects: Both are abdominal wall defects. Gastroschisis occurs to right of umbilicus and has extruded bowel that in uncovered. Omphalocele is a herniation of abdominal contents in the base of the umbilical cord so the contents are covered. Omphalocele is associated with other congenital defects while gastroschisis is not. ...Read more

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What is the prognosis of an omphalocele and of gastroschisis?

It Depends: Both require surgery. In general the prognosis for gastroschisis is better than for omphalocele. The reason is that omphaloceles can be associated with other congenital malformations. The most significant of which are problems with the formation of the heart. Many infants, but not all, with gastroschisis will require intravenous nutrition for the first month of life but then go on to thrive. ...Read more

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Can you tell me about delivering a baby that had a large omphalocele?

Can you tell me about delivering a baby that had a large omphalocele?

Plan ahead: These infants do best if delivered by c/section in a hospital with neonatal ICU capabilities and neonatologists/pediatric surgeons ready for the delivery. Stabilization of the infants airway and IV access ; ng tube are placed as soon after birth as possible and the specialists begin planning for repair. Early transfer to a capable hospital is needed if outborn or at a smaller facility. ...Read more

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Can you tell me if there are any alternatives to surgery for omphalocele?

Can you tell me if there are any alternatives to surgery for omphalocele?

No: Unfortunately, there are no other real alternatives. The bowel needs to be placed back in abdomen, slowly (depending on how much is outside) and the defect has to closed primarily (ie surgery). ...Read more

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I was born with the omphalocele & am wondering if since I was born with this defect if I'd ever be able to have children of my own?!

I was born with the omphalocele & am wondering if since I was born with this defect if I'd ever be able to have children of my own?!

Complex: It's conceivable but largely depends on the size of your omphalocele and how it was repaired. Omphaloceles are frequently found with other genetic anomalies which can also affect fertility. Best answer is to discuss this with your private physician who knows more of the details about your surgical history. ...Read more

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Why did my baby get omphalocele?

Why did my baby get omphalocele?

Unsure : this abdominal defect is not a frequent occurrence, about one:4000 live births. It is associated with other birth defects such as heart, brain, or kidney. ...Read more

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How common is omphalocele in children?

How common is omphalocele in children?

Uncommon: The overall incidence of omphalocele has been cited as 1 per 5, 000 live births. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of an omphalocele?

What are the symptoms of an omphalocele?

Abdominal wall defec: Omphalocele is a central abdominal wall defect that results from abdominal contents herniating into the base of the umbilical cord. If the defct is small there may be only intestine in the defect. If it is large it can contain intestine and liver. May be associated with other midline defects. ...Read more

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Is there any teratogenic cause of omphalocele?

Unsure: Omphalocele is a failure of the return of the midgut from the yolk sac to the abdomen before 10 weeks of gestation. It can be associated with other malformations and syndromes. Best to ask the neonatologist and/or a geneticist for each individual case. The intestines are involved in 1/5000 births, with liver and intestines occurring in 1/10000 births. Immediate surgical repair is required. ...Read more

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What do I need to know about baby with omphalocele?

What do I need to know about baby with omphalocele?

See perinatologist: A baby with an omphalocele can have many associated issues, including cardiac, chromosomal, lung, or other additional problems. The key is to be evaluated by a perinatologist, and have a fetal MRI and a cardiac echo. This will allow you to better understand if and what additional issues may be present. Then, meet with a pediatric surgeon and cardiac surgeon if echo abnormal. ...Read more

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I have minimum omphalocele bit is hurt wen a touch?

I have minimum omphalocele bit is hurt wen a touch?

Umbilical hernia?: I'm guessing you have an umbilical hernia, not an omphalocele, as the latter is a defect that requires fixing at birth. If it is bulging and tender to the touch you should be evaluated in person to make sure you don't have intestine stuck, or incarcerated, in the hernia. This can require surgery. ...Read more

Dr. Stephen Kim
35 doctors shared insights

Omphalocele (Definition)

Omphalocele is a birth defect of the abdominal (belly) wall. The infant’s intestines, liver, or other organs may stick outside of the belly through the belly button. The organs are covered in a thin, nearly transparent sac that hardly ever is open or broken. It is associated with a high rate of mortality and severe malformations, such as cardiac anomalies ...Read more