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Doctor insights on: Omphalocele And Gastroschisis

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What's the difference of omphalocele and gastroschisis?

What's the difference of omphalocele and gastroschisis?

There are many: There are many differences. Omphalocele is a defect at the umbilical ring, usually has an amniotic sac covering the organs, and can be associated with many other congenital anomalies. Gastroschisis is usually a defect on the right of the umbilical cord, does not have a sac, and usually not associated with many congenital anomalies.

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Dr. Stephen Kim
35 Doctors shared insights

Omphalocele (Definition)

Omphalocele is a birth defect of the abdominal (belly) wall. The infant’s intestines, liver, or other organs may stick outside of the belly through the belly button. The organs are covered in a thin, nearly transparent sac that hardly ever is open or broken. It is associated with a high rate of mortality and severe malformations, such as cardiac anomalies ...Read more


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Have you ever heard of omphalocele and gastroschisis? Any cure or treatment?

Have you ever heard of omphalocele and gastroschisis? Any cure or treatment?

Yes: Omphalocele and gastroschisis are both abdominal wall defects found in newborns. Gastroschisis results in the intestines being outside the abdomen. It is an isolated defect and is repaired with surgery immediately after birth. Omphalocele is a herniation of abdominal organs into the umbilical cord. So the organs are cover and may be intestine, liver, and other organs. Both need surgery.

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What is the difference between an omphalocele and gastroschisis?

What is the difference between an omphalocele and gastroschisis?

Abdominal defect: Both are abdominal wall defects located at or to the right of the navel. Gastroschisis is when the intestines protrude through a defect in the abdominal wall to the right of the navel. Omphalocele is when the intestines and possibly liver protrude into the base of the umbilical cord.

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What's the difference of omphalocele and gastroschisis?

There are many: There are many differences. Omphalocele is a defect at the umbilical ring, usually has an amniotic sac covering the organs, and can be associated with many other congenital anomalies. Gastroschisis is usually a defect on the right of the umbilical cord, does not have a sac, and usually not associated with many congenital anomalies.

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What is the difference between an omphalocele and gastroschisis?

Abdominal defect: Both are abdominal wall defects located at or to the right of the navel. Gastroschisis is when the intestines protrude through a defect in the abdominal wall to the right of the navel. Omphalocele is when the intestines and possibly liver protrude into the base of the umbilical cord.

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Can radiology be used to distinguish between an omphalocele and gastroschisis?

Can radiology be used to distinguish between an omphalocele and gastroschisis?

Maybe: If the fetus cooperates an ultrasound technician may be able to get enough images of the area involved to sort out the two. It also depends on the size of the defect.

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Can an ultrasound distinguish between an omphalocele and gastroschisis?

Can an ultrasound distinguish between an omphalocele and gastroschisis?

Usually, yes.: Omphalocele comes from the umbilicus and is covered by a membrane, which makes it relatively smooth appearing. Gastroschisis has no covering so the intestinal loops are free in the amniotic fluid and have the appearance of a pom-pom.

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Have you ever heard of omphalocele and gastroschisis? Any cure or treatment?

Yes: Omphalocele and gastroschisis are both abdominal wall defects found in newborns. Gastroschisis results in the intestines being outside the abdomen. It is an isolated defect and is repaired with surgery immediately after birth. Omphalocele is a herniation of abdominal organs into the umbilical cord. So the organs are cover and may be intestine, liver, and other organs. Both need surgery.

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What is the prognosis of an omphalocele and of gastroschisis?

What is the prognosis of an omphalocele and of gastroschisis?

It Depends: Both require surgery. In general the prognosis for gastroschisis is better than for omphalocele. The reason is that omphaloceles can be associated with other congenital malformations. The most significant of which are problems with the formation of the heart. Many infants, but not all, with gastroschisis will require intravenous nutrition for the first month of life but then go on to thrive.

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Is a gastroschisis or omphalocele the same?

Is a gastroschisis or omphalocele the same?

No: Gastroschisis is an abdominal wall defect to the right of the umbilicus. The bowel is exposed to the amniotic fluid and gets chemically irritated. Usually only small and/or large bowel are exposed. Omphalocele is a hernia of the umbilical cord. The defect is usually larger and may have bowel and liver in the sac. There can other defects associated with omphalos.

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Which is worse: gastroschisis or an omphalocele?

Which is worse: gastroschisis or an omphalocele?

Comparison: Omphalocele is usually associated with other congenital problems. Like heart or genetics defects which affect long term outcome. Gastroschisis is not associated with other problems, but it could be challenging for surgical repair and gut function afterwards

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What is the prognosis of gastroschisis and an omphalocele?

Good: Gastroschisis without intestinal injury is 100% survivable. Omphalocele on the other hand is associated with major heart and CNS defects that may prove quite significant.

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What is the difference between gastroschisis and omphalocele?

What is the difference between gastroschisis and omphalocele?

Defects: Both are abdominal wall defects. Gastroschisis occurs to right of umbilicus and has extruded bowel that in uncovered. Omphalocele is a herniation of abdominal contents in the base of the umbilical cord so the contents are covered. Omphalocele is associated with other congenital defects while gastroschisis is not.

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Can an ultrasound detect gastroschisis or an omphalocele?

Can an ultrasound detect gastroschisis or an omphalocele?

Ultrasound: Most of the times diagnosis is made prenatally, few times it is difficult to differentiate between the two based on ultrasound

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What's omphalocele or gastroschesis?

What's omphalocele or gastroschesis?

Abdominal wall defects: Omphalocele is an abdominal wall defect through the umbilical ring and cord, usually contained within the amniotic sac. Gastroschisis is an abdominal wall defect usually right of the umbilical ring and cord without any sac.

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What are the symptoms of an omphalocele?

What are the symptoms of an omphalocele?

Abdominal wall defec: Omphalocele is a central abdominal wall defect that results from abdominal contents herniating into the base of the umbilical cord. If the defct is small there may be only intestine in the defect. If it is large it can contain intestine and liver. May be associated with other midline defects.