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Doctor insights on: Oligohydramnios Fetal Karyotype

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What is fetal hydantoin syndrome?

What is fetal hydantoin syndrome?

Dilantin: Fetal hydantoin syndrome can occur in infants exposed to Dilantin while in the uterus during pregnancy. The common features include hirsutism (they are hairy), growth restriction, mild mental retardation and congenital anomalies such as cleft lip & palate, wide set eyes and small ends of the fingers. ...Read more

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Dr. CESAR HOLGADO
191 doctors shared insights

Oligohydramnios (Definition)

An AFI (amniotic fluid index) of less than 5cm or a largest vertical pocket measurement of less than 2cm is ...Read more


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What is an amniocentesis (amnio)?

What is an amniocentesis (amnio)?

Needling procedure.: Amnioparacentesis in greek (amnio for short) is a prenatal invasive diagnostic genetic procedure devised to glean information from the pregnancy sac with small risk. It is used to determine fetal dna make-up, mutations, anemia, infections, open neural tube or abdominal wall defects. It is typically done 16-22 weeks by maternal-fetal or genetic specialists; complications occur in 1:100-1:1, 000. ...Read more

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Safety of chorionic sampling vs. Amniocentesis for prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities?

Safety of chorionic sampling vs. Amniocentesis for prenatal diagnosis of chromosomal abnormalities?

Risks: The risk of pregnancy loss has been looked at in four randomized studies of cvs vs. Amniocentesis. All four studies show that both procedures have about the same risk of pregnancy loss. About 1 in 1600. Another cvs study showed that losses in a group of women who had the procedure were equal to losses in a group of women who didn't have the procedure. A loss may not be related to the procedure. ...Read more

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Does chorionic villi sampling determine whether a fetus has genetic abnormalities?

Does chorionic villi sampling determine whether a fetus has genetic abnormalities?

Yes and no: Chorionic villi sampling is a procedure where a small sample of cells from the placenta are removed, early in a pregnancy. A lab can determine if there are any extra or missing chromosomes, or large parts of a chromosome that are extra or missing. Other tests on chorionic villi can look for abnormalities in single genes, but no test can determine that a baby has no genetic abnormalities. ...Read more

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What does dilated fetal kidneys with normal amniotic fluid mean for a second trimester fetus?

What does dilated fetal kidneys with normal amniotic fluid mean for  a second trimester fetus?

No big deal.: Detecting renal problems by fetal ultrasound is very accurate and efficient because it can prevent serious complications postnatally. Fetal renal pyelectasis or even hydronephrosis is nothing to worry about, provided the amniotic fluid is monitored and remains normal. The neonatology team should be notified at birth to institute appropriate follow-up for the newborn; monthly ultrasounds are needed. ...Read more

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Is this normal pregnancy or miscarriage? report details: single intrauterine gestational sac seen measuring 2.2 cms,corresponding to 6+ weeks no fetal

Is this normal pregnancy or miscarriage?
report details:
single intrauterine gestational sac seen measuring 2.2 cms,corresponding to 6+ weeks
no fetal

A little early: It sounds like your sonogram showed a very early pregnancy. Since no baby was seen there are two possibilities - too early to see or a miscarriage where the baby did not form. The sonogram will needed to be repeated in 1 -2 weeks to find out which is correct. ...Read more

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Doc terminated my preg. bec fetus had cystic hygroma, aborted fetus's cytogenetic lab test result: apparently normal female karyotype, plz explain??

Doc terminated my preg. bec fetus had cystic hygroma, aborted fetus's cytogenetic lab test result: apparently normal female karyotype, plz explain??

It happens: A cystic hygroma can show up in many forms with one presentation similar to a feature of some TURNER Syndrome (X0) females. If a Turner syndrome patient survives pregnancy they are all sterile females that end up short & have a potential for heart, brain & other problems. However it can also show up in otherwise normal kids, which happened in your case. ...Read more

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What is intra uterine fetal death?

What is intra uterine fetal death?

In utero demise: An intrauterine fetal death or demise is a pregnancy complication where the fetus dies in the uterus before labor occurs. It usually requires labor induction or a d & e to remove the fetus and the other products of conception from the uterus. ...Read more

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Anteverted,bulky gravid uterus,single intrauterine gestational sac 2.7 cm gestational age 6 weeks 6 days no fetal pole is this OK?or a miscarriage?

Anteverted,bulky gravid uterus,single intrauterine gestational sac 2.7 cm gestational age 6 weeks 6 days no fetal pole is this OK?or a miscarriage?

Blighted ovum: A gestational sac without a fetal with a gestational age of almost 7 weeks is most likely a blighted ovum (non development of the fetus). Most likely with result is a miscarriage. If not you may need a D&C. Follow up with your gynecologist in 1-2 weeks. ...Read more

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Difference between fetal spina bifida and anencephaly?

Difference between fetal spina bifida and anencephaly?

Very different: Anencephaly is the abscence of a closed cranial cavity (head) and implies incomplete brain development/function. Essentially, anencephaly is being born without functioning brain. Spinal bifida is an incomplete closure of the neural tube. There is no implication of brain development or brain function. While there may be paralysis in spina bifida, the brain can function normally in many cases. ...Read more

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What does dichrorionic, diamniotic placentation mean?

What does dichrorionic, diamniotic placentation mean?

Placenta & Twins: A dichorionic, diamniotic (di-di) twin placentation indicates that these are fraternal twins and not identical twins. Two separate eggs were fertilized by two separate sperm. ...Read more

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Pregnancy 15 week, ultrasound report.,.. Turner syndrome with cystic hygroma and hydrops fetalis....., your advise required?

Pregnancy 15 week,  ultrasound report.,.. Turner syndrome with cystic hygroma and hydrops fetalis....., your advise required?

Your decision: in the end. These findings in the first trimester usually carry a poor outlook for survival of the baby but there have been many reports of resolution of both cystic hygroma and hydrops as pregnancy progresses. Turner syndrome will always be there. I cannot decide for you but suggest you consider re-evaluating by ultrasound in 3-4 weeks should you decide to continue the pregnancy, you will then know more about the prognosis for the baby and any associated problems such as congenital heart defect etc. see:http://www.turnersyndrome.org/#!child/c4ff ...Read more

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6w 4d pregnant with fetal pole, yolk sac ...heartbeat detectd...but seems gestational sac is irregular...sign of miscarriage?

6w 4d pregnant with fetal pole, yolk sac ...heartbeat detectd...but seems gestational sac is irregular...sign of miscarriage?

Don't worry: The most important thing is that the fetus has a heartbeat. Did they tell you an actual fetal heart rate? Sometimes the gestational sac looks different. There could be a nearby fibroid or subchorionic hemorrhage. Signs of a miscarriage are uterine cramping and bleeding. If you are not having those symptoms I would not worry about this. The sonogram can be repeated in 1-2 weeks. ...Read more

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What is fetal hydrophrenosis?

What is fetal hydrophrenosis?

Swollen fetal kidney: Baby's kidney is swollen with urine. Very common & not serious if mild & only present on one side. Most commonly due to partial blockage to kidney pelvis (funnel draining urine). Can also be due to blockage at lower end of ureters, urethral valve blockage in boys or bladder reflux. Virtually never need to intervene before birth or deliver early. Best managed &/or counseled by pediatric urologist. ...Read more

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Pregnancy questions. High hCG no fetal pole?

Pregnancy questions. High hCG no fetal pole?

Concerning: This is concerning for a molar pregnancy. At the very least a repeat ultrasound should be done since it could be an early multiple gestation or develop the classic appearance of a molar pregnancy. ...Read more

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Chorionic villus sampling vs amniocentesis risk?

Chorionic villus sampling vs amniocentesis risk?

Risk: Risk of pregnancy loss with cvs and amniocentesis are equivalent. That's been shown by four different studies. In experienced hands the loss rate is something like 1 in 1600. ...Read more

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Ultrasound result: single live intrautrerine pregnancy,presently cephalic,20weeks and 5days gestation,oligohydramnios fetal ascites..what can i do

Ultrasound result: single live intrautrerine pregnancy,presently cephalic,20weeks and 5days gestation,oligohydramnios fetal ascites..what can i do

See perinatologist: Its frightening to have an ultrasound that gives news that isn't perfect. Oligohydramnios means that there isn't enough fluid around the baby. You can help make more fluid by drinking lots and lots of water and getting enough rest. You need to see a perinatologist to find out why. This is a doctor who concentrates on complicated pregnancies to find out why. Best Wishes! ...Read more

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How would chorionic villi sampling determine whether a fetus has genetic abnormalities?

How would chorionic villi sampling determine whether a fetus has genetic abnormalities?

Laboratory testing: Cvs sampling after 10 weeks of gestation can obtain tissue for testing. The tests usually done are chromosomal analysis or mutational analysis of a specific gene. ...Read more

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Babyaa 7wks 4days visible gestational sac and fetal pole, no yolk sac heartbeat. Babybb 9wks 4days alive. Could ob/gyn and perinatal ob tested early?

Babyaa 7wks 4days visible gestational sac and fetal pole, no yolk sac heartbeat. Babybb 9wks 4days alive. Could ob/gyn and perinatal ob tested early?

Doubtful: Usually when twin pregnancies occur fertilization happens at approximately the same time. The growth should be very consistent with each other. It appears that baby a will not continue to grow. I'm sorry. ...Read more

Dr. Qamar Khan
9 doctors shared insights

Fetal Chromosome Test (Definition)

Results ...Read more