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Doctor insights on: Oligohydramnios Fetal Growth Restriction

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What causes fetal growth restriction?

What causes fetal growth restriction?

MF/placental factors: Maternal-fetal and placental etiologies can all cause fetal growth restriction. Severa fetal syndromes can lead to fgr (e.g. Down, patau, triploidy, edwards, noonan's, digeorge). Multifetal pregnancies are at increased risk for fgr; this can result in fetal demise, fetal brain injury, cerebral palsy or even normal outcomes in non-syndromic cases. Placental infarcts, hypertension, lupus: culprits. ...Read more

Dr. CESAR HOLGADO
191 doctors shared insights

Oligohydramnios (Definition)

An AFI (amniotic fluid index) of less than 5cm or a largest vertical pocket measurement of less than 2cm is ...Read more


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10+-6days weeks pregnancy crl 3.9.Fhs 162.Growth of fetus is acc to gestational age .Is growth normal♥?

10+-6days weeks pregnancy crl 3.9.Fhs 162.Growth of fetus is acc to gestational age .Is growth normal♥?

Yes: If the report says the growth is accurate to gestational age then that is the same thing as saying that the fetal growth is normal. ...Read more

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Does malnutrition impair fetal development?

Does malnutrition impair fetal development?

Yes: Malnutrition can definitely impair many parts of fetal development. One example is if there is a lack of folic acid, the fetal nervous system may not properly form. It is very important to be vigilant of nutrition during pregnancy and your doctor will guide you through it. ...Read more

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Is this normal pregnancy or miscarriage? report details: single intrauterine gestational sac seen measuring 2.2 cms,corresponding to 6+ weeks no fetal

Is this normal pregnancy or miscarriage?
report details:
single intrauterine gestational sac seen measuring 2.2 cms,corresponding to 6+ weeks
no fetal

A little early: It sounds like your sonogram showed a very early pregnancy. Since no baby was seen there are two possibilities - too early to see or a miscarriage where the baby did not form. The sonogram will needed to be repeated in 1 -2 weeks to find out which is correct. ...Read more

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Anteverted,bulky gravid uterus,single intrauterine gestational sac 2.7 cm gestational age 6 weeks 6 days no fetal pole is this OK?or a miscarriage?

Anteverted,bulky gravid uterus,single intrauterine gestational sac 2.7 cm gestational age 6 weeks 6 days no fetal pole is this OK?or a miscarriage?

Blighted ovum: A gestational sac without a fetal with a gestational age of almost 7 weeks is most likely a blighted ovum (non development of the fetus). Most likely with result is a miscarriage. If not you may need a D&C. Follow up with your gynecologist in 1-2 weeks. ...Read more

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What is intra uterine fetal death?

What is intra uterine fetal death?

In utero demise: An intrauterine fetal death or demise is a pregnancy complication where the fetus dies in the uterus before labor occurs. It usually requires labor induction or a d & e to remove the fetus and the other products of conception from the uterus. ...Read more

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Fetal heart rate has dropped below 70, is this considered fetal distress?

Fetal heart rate has dropped below 70, is this considered fetal distress?

Fetal heart: This is very abnormal, in fetal distress there might be a temporary drop but if it is persistent, baby might be having a heart block, best is to ask your doc ...Read more

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Fetal lung fluid & urine make amniotic fluid, right? So what caused oligohydramnios?

Fetal lung fluid & urine make amniotic fluid, right? So what caused oligohydramnios?

Decreased perfusion: Oligo can be either loss of fluid or decreased production. A stressed infant will shunt oxygenated blood to more vital organs, less renal perfusion, therefore less urine produced. Anything that decreases placental perfusion can cause it (abruption or placental separation, poor implantation, vascular problems, clots, uterine abnls, etc). There are too many causes to list here, ask your ob. ...Read more

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Ultrasound showed fetal demise and collection of fluid after an abortion?

Ultrasound showed fetal demise and collection of fluid after an abortion?

See your doctor: These are symptoms that require a thorough evaluation by your doctor. Only after obtaining this informstion, can he/she adequately diagnose and treat you. ...Read more

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What does dilated fetal kidneys with normal amniotic fluid mean for a second trimester fetus?

What does dilated fetal kidneys with normal amniotic fluid mean for  a second trimester fetus?

No big deal.: Detecting renal problems by fetal ultrasound is very accurate and efficient because it can prevent serious complications postnatally. Fetal renal pyelectasis or even hydronephrosis is nothing to worry about, provided the amniotic fluid is monitored and remains normal. The neonatology team should be notified at birth to institute appropriate follow-up for the newborn; monthly ultrasounds are needed. ...Read more

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6w 4d pregnant with fetal pole, yolk sac ...heartbeat detectd...but seems gestational sac is irregular...sign of miscarriage?

6w 4d pregnant with fetal pole, yolk sac ...heartbeat detectd...but seems gestational sac is irregular...sign of miscarriage?

Don't worry: The most important thing is that the fetus has a heartbeat. Did they tell you an actual fetal heart rate? Sometimes the gestational sac looks different. There could be a nearby fibroid or subchorionic hemorrhage. Signs of a miscarriage are uterine cramping and bleeding. If you are not having those symptoms I would not worry about this. The sonogram can be repeated in 1-2 weeks. ...Read more

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How does gestational age impact fetal weight?

Fetal age and weight: As a normal fetus increases in gestational age, it normally will also increase in fetal weight. ...Read more

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Male fetus ultrasound (35w 4d) which showed an enlarged fetal bladder. Normal amniotic fluid and kidneys. Is this typical in third trimester?

Male fetus ultrasound (35w 4d) which showed an enlarged fetal bladder. Normal amniotic fluid and kidneys. Is this typical in third trimester?

Specific case: This is a very specific case that requires a doctor to evaluate the exact findings of the sonogram to determine if it is normal or not. You will need to seek clarification from your doctor regarding the term “enlarged bladder” to determine if further testing, follow up sonograms or a referral to a perinatologist is indicated. ...Read more

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Could an inutero twin death cause fetal lobulation in the surviving twin ?

Could an inutero twin death cause fetal lobulation in the surviving twin ?

Are you referring: to fetal lobulation of the kidneys? That is a normal anatomic variant, not related to an in utero twin. ...Read more

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There is single active intrauterine fetus with Breech presentation. Fetal body movement and cardiac activity are present. What does.it.mean?

There is single active intrauterine fetus with Breech presentation. Fetal body movement and cardiac activity are present.
What does.it.mean?

Breech: This means your baby is in the uterus, butt first, the baby is alive and doing well. The only issue here is, if you are near your due date and the baby is breech (butt first), you will likely need a cesarean section unless you opt for an version, a procedure to flip the baby from butt to head first, then you can deliver vaginally. If you are early on the baby changes position all the time. ...Read more

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39 weeks pregnant increased fetal movement sign of labor?

39 weeks pregnant increased fetal movement sign of labor?

No: Increased Fetal Movement is not a common complaint. It is not a sign of labor. If you just ate a huge carbohydrate meal then maybe you have some increased movement. In pregnancy, I usually follow one rule. If you find something is not usual and normal for you go to Labor and Delivery and get the baby checked with a Non Stress Test. This is the only safe thing to do. ...Read more