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Doctor insights on: Obstructive Lung Defect

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How does airway obstruction happen in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?

How does airway obstruction happen in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?

Loss of elasticity: Tobacco and chronic inflammation destroy elastin, which results in small and medium airway collapse with exhalation. ...Read more

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Lung (Definition)

Deoxygenated blood enters the lungs from the right side of the heart and travels to the lungs. When you inspire, oxygen flows into the lungs, transverses the capilliares and attaches to hemoglobin down a gradient. At the same time, co2 diffuses into the capilaries and is expelled with exhalation. Oxygen rich blood then flows to the left side of the heart and into the ...Read more


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What is hypoxemic respiratory failure chronic and restrictive lung disease?

What is hypoxemic respiratory failure chronic and restrictive lung disease?

Poor lung function: Basically the lungs are not expanding like they should be as such they are not working well and not oxygenating the blood. ...Read more

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Is pulmonary fibrosis inherited?

Is pulmonary fibrosis inherited?

Pulmonary fibrosis: While I have not seen it commonly there are some families with a history of pulmonary fibrosis. Most of my office patients and previous fibrosis patients I have come across are the only ones in their family with fibrosis. I have one patient in my practice with several family members with progressive and ultimately fatal fibrosis. She has been evaluated at duke university with a genetic workup. ...Read more

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Why does cystic fibrosis is obstructive and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis restrictive? smh

Why does cystic fibrosis is obstructive and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis restrictive? smh

Cystic fibrosis: involves large amounts of mucus in the airways. Therefore it is difficult for air to flow due to mucus obstructing airways. Pulmonary fibrosis involves diffuse scar tissue in the lung parenchyma, making it difficult to expand (Restrictive). ...Read more

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Does a lung transplant cure pulmonary fibrosis?

Does a lung transplant cure pulmonary fibrosis?

Indirectly: It doesn't cure the disease, but replaces one damaged lung for a functioning one. The fibrosis doesn't return to the new lung. ...Read more

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Pulmonary hypertension and artial septal defect?

Pulmonary hypertension and artial septal defect?

PH and ASD: One cause of elevated blood pressure in the lungs, called pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an abnormal connection between the heart chambers such as an atrial septal defect that connects the top 2 compartments. ...Read more

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Is pulmonary fibrosis genetic?

Is pulmonary fibrosis genetic?

Some are: Some families have multiple members who develop pulmonary fibrosis although sporadic cases are more common. The exact genetic inheritance is unknown. ...Read more

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Copd leads to lung cancer?

Copd leads to lung cancer?

Unlikely: While COPD does not cause lung cancer, the factors (smoking, for example) that cause COPD can also cause lung cancer. ...Read more

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Is pulmonary fibrosis terminal?

Is pulmonary fibrosis terminal?

Not good news: Pulmonary fibrosis means that the patient has developed abnormal tissue formation (fibrosis) that affects the thin membranes separating the air sacs from the blood vessels making it harder for oxygen to cross from air to the red bleed cells. This disease usually irreversible; it is critical to have an early diagnosis and be managed at an institution and by medical staff familiar with it. ...Read more

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Is pulmonary hypertension always present in atrial septal defect?

Is pulmonary hypertension always present in atrial septal defect?

No: People with asds do not always have pulmonary hypertension. An untreated ASD can potentially lead to pulmonary hypertension over a long period of time. But it's not always present. ...Read more

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What is emphysema vs copd? Is emphysema the same as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?

Categories....: Copd, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, is the broader category. Emphysema is one type of copd, ie emphysema falls under the category of copd. ...Read more

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Are heart attacks linked to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?

Are heart attacks linked to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?

Indirectly: Many people with COPD have a strong smoking history which also predisposes to heart attacks - in addition, there may be a chromic inflammatory element to some forms of COPD which cam also make heart attacks more likely. ...Read more

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Are idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis cystic fibrosis the same?

Are idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis cystic fibrosis the same?

No: Two completely different diseases. CF is an inherited disorder leading to failure to clear mucus and repeated infections. It does end up with fibrosis in the lungs. Idiopathic fibrosis is a disease of unknown cause where scar tissue replaces normal lung and eventually causes respiratory failure. ...Read more

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Could smoking affect pulmonary atresia?

Could smoking affect pulmonary atresia?

Smoking : Smoking adversely effects many parts of the body. The organs that are mostly effected are obviously the lungs. Damaging the lungs with smoking can cause pulmonary hypertension, having pulmonary atresia as an already existing problem the two can become exponentially worse and if severe can cause right heart failure. ...Read more

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What sort of disease is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (c.O.P.D.)?

What sort of disease is chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (c.O.P.D.)?

Chronic Lung Disease: COPD is a disease of inflammation and/or destruction of the lung. Most often, it is from smoking cigarettes, but not always. There are two main components: chronic bronchitis, which is coughing up mucus every day; and emphysema, which is destruction of the lung tissue. Both conditions block air from completely exiting the lung causing symptoms. That said, it can be treated effectively. ...Read more

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Lingular atelectasis and lung cancer relationship?

Lingular atelectasis and lung cancer relationship?

Depends: Is the lung cancer also in the lingula sometimes the cancer plugs the airway and causes distal collapse(atelectasis) also pneumonia, cancer and atelectasis are part of COPD due to smoking. ...Read more

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Is pulmonary emphysema deadly?

Yes : Depending upon severity and other comorbodities.

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Artrial septial defect with pulmonary hypertension in children?

Artrial septial defect with pulmonary hypertension in children?

Talk to MD: As long as there is no reversal of flow which can happen soon due to pulmonary hypertension, a surgical repair may be beneficial. The answer should be given by a cardiologist. Talk to the cardiologist please for your child's sake. Good luck. ...Read more