Doctor insights on:
Nursing Diagnosis For Congenital Heart Disease
Defect at birth.: Congenital heart disease is a problem with the heart's structure and/or function that is present at birth. It is the most common type of birth defect, and causes more deaths in the first year of life than any other birth defects. Treatment depends upon the condition, some require no treatment, others need critical intervention to survive. It affects 8-10 of each 1000 births.See 2 more doctor answers
Heart disease is a condition in which a person has problems within his or her vascular system and heart, which includes both congenital birth defects and problems acquired later. Examples of heart disease include clogging (atherosclerosis) of the coronary (heart) arteries, heart attacks (obstructions of the arteries), damaged heart valves, heart muscle failure, and viral infections of the heart. Some major causes of heart disease include genetics, smoking, hypertension, high ...Read more
It depends on defect: It depends on what kind of defect it is. Some defects have no symptoms, some have mild symptoms such as faster breathing, difficulty eating, increased sweating while feeding. And some defects are life threatening causing low oxygen levels in your body and without surgery or other type of intervention within hours of delivery may be lethal.See 1 more doctor answer
Limited similarity: Cardiomyopathy and congenital heart disease are similar in that both are heart diseases. There are many types of cardiomyopathy and there are dozens of forms of congenital heart disease. Cardiomyopathy is heart muscle disease, due either to a molecular problem in the heart or to secondary damage from another disease. Congenital heart disease is a problem of heart development, present at birth.
Some of it: Even though 8 out of every 1000 babies born will have have some form of heart defect, when there is a first line family member affected the number goes up to about 16-30/1000 (for some particular defects this number will be higher) so this would suggest a genetic component...We just haven't learned enough about genetics and the heart to be more precise, but this is changing every day.See 1 more doctor answer
Multifactorial: The inheritance of congenital heart defects follows a different pattern than commonly thought of genetic traits like skin or eye color. The risk to any newborn is a little less than 1%. The risk of a subsequent child I higher - about 2-3%. The risk to the child if the mother (or father although the numbers are lower)is affected is about 6-8% and varies with the defect.See 1 more doctor answer
Polygenic problem: The information that codes for proper heart formation is shared by many genes on chromosomes. Genetic studies show linkage, where a person with a form of chd has a 4% chance of having a first degree relative with any form of chd as well as a 4% risk of having a child with a chd. A few rare syndromes have higher genetic risk (dominant = 50%) that sometimes have chd as part of the syndrome.
Difference: Congenital heart disease means you are born with it. Rarely coronary arteries are the main problem, usually it is one of the more common structural deformities. Coronary heart disease is disease of the coronary arteries, generally as a result of lifestyle issues such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, smoking, obesity, etc.See 2 more doctor answers
It Depends: There are many different types of congenital heart diseases. Therapies range from watchful waiting to medication to surgery. There is a need to see your pediatrician and perhaps a pediatric cardiologist for a definitive answer depending upon the problem.
Later: This complication usually occurs in late toddler stage and older.See 1 more doctor answer
Too vague: Congenital heart disease is an incredibly broad term, encompassing critical life-threatening & debilitating conditions as well as transient defects with no real clinical effect. With the more severe defects, any supplement or homeopathic medication should really be discussed with the PCP (especially if there is any history of arrhythmias), while mild defects may not need any special consideration.
Yes: The former is an acquired condition while the latter is present at birth.See 1 more doctor answer
Not likely.: Most congenital cardiac defects are due to multifactorial inheritance and environmental factors such as Folic Acid deficiency. I am not aware of specific studies linking them to a faulty signal transduction pathway, although such mechanisms frequently become the final common pathway of multiple etiological pathogenic factors.
Too complex: There are many types of congenital disease with many different and often unknown causes. So. There is no pat answer to this broad question.See 1 more doctor answer
Yes: Both short term and long term outcomes depend on the exact type of congenital heart disease. The great majority of children with congenital heart disease will go on to live a normal or near normal life, even if they require open heart surgery. Almost every child born with congenital heart disease was options for successful care. Best care is delivered at congenital heart centers.
Yes: Entirely possible. The safety would depend on the nature of the congenital heart disease.
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