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Doctor insights on: Normal Size Thyroid Gland Ultrasound

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I recently underwent an ultra-sound of my thyroid gland and it was quite painful. Is this usual?

I recently underwent an ultra-sound of my thyroid gland and it was quite painful. Is this usual?

Not normal: Thyroid ultrasound is usually painless. Assuming your thyroid is tender this suggests some type of thyroiditis. Your doctor will evaluate this with blood tests and the thyroid ultrasound. ...Read more

Dr. Michael Gabor
2,271 Doctors shared insights

Sonogram (Definition)

An ultraound, also known as a sonogram, is a painless and relatively inexpensive imaging test that utilizes sound waves instead of ionizing radiation. There are no side effects. Ultrasound can give us two-dimensional, and in some applications three-dimensional, images of structures and organs in virtually any part of the body. In addition to diagnostic uses, such as evaluating abnormalities in the abdomen, pelvis, and breast, ultrasounds are commonly used to guide needle and catheter placement in a variety of surgical ...Read more


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Diffusely heterogeneous thyroid gland with multiple bilateral hypo echoic micro nodules. Increased vascularity. What does this ultra sound result mea?

Diffusely heterogeneous thyroid gland with multiple bilateral hypo echoic micro nodules. Increased vascularity. What does this ultra sound result mea?

Thyroidologist: A thyroidologist or endocrinologist is best qualified to evaluate and advise you about your thyroid status and ultrasound findings and to determine whether a needle biopsy and/or referral to a thyroid surgeon is advisable. As a rule multiple nodules are more apt to be benign as opposed to a single cold nodule in males. Follow-up in these cases are also important even after the first consultation. ...Read more

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My ultrasound for the neck says my thyroid gland is of normal size but I have mild, diffuse non-specific parenchymal disease. What does that mean?

My ultrasound for the neck says my thyroid gland is of normal size but I have mild, diffuse non-specific parenchymal disease. What does that mean?

Thyroid ultrasound: It means you have something going on in the thyroid gland tissue (parenchyma). So discuss with the Drs who ordered it. At your age first guess would be hyperactive thyroid. ...Read more

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I just had an ultrasound done today and my thyroid gland is 4.3cm. I was wondering if this normal or is it a little enlarged?

Likely normal: The thyroid glads has two lobes and a connecting bridge (isthmus). Each lobe is usually 2x2x4 cm so a 4.3 cm (presumably of one lobe) is probably normal. ...Read more

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Swollen thyroid gland, normal ultrasound and normal bloodwork. Why could it be swollen?

Swollen thyroid gland, normal ultrasound and normal bloodwork. Why could it be swollen?

Swollen?: If the ultrasound is normal I don't understand why you say the thyroid gland is enlarged. Ultrasound is very good at assessing thyroid enlargement. ...Read more

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Thyroid tests normal. Have swelling in thyroid gland on one side. Getting ultrasound done. What r the chances it is cancer?

Thyroid tests normal. Have swelling in thyroid gland on one side. Getting ultrasound done. What r the chances it is cancer?

Thyroid cancer: The chance of you having thyroid cancer is relatively low but not unheard of. Follow your doctors advice and have this checked out. Best of luck. ...Read more

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My thyroid ultrasound shows diminished size of the thyroid gland. Its 4.5 mm but perfect in shape. My tests results were : TSH 2.70 ft3 2.84 ft4 11.1?

My thyroid ultrasound shows diminished size of the thyroid gland. Its 4.5 mm but perfect in shape. My tests results were : TSH 2.70 ft3 2.84 ft4 11.1?

Normal function: Your thyroid function tests are within normal limits. Size of the gland, unless abnormally enlarged, is not an issue. ...Read more

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My thyroid levels are normal but my thyroid gland fluctuates in swelling. Have a list of symptoms and cysts on my thyroid. What could be causing this?

My thyroid levels are normal but my thyroid gland fluctuates in swelling. Have a list of symptoms and cysts on my thyroid. What could be causing this?

Common: Small cysts and nodules of the thyroid are common in the population, especially in women. As long as they are small, they have no clinical significance and can be followed. It is unlikely that your thyroid fluctuates much in size from day to day or even week to week. Sometimes people have a feeling in their neck or a fat pad that appears to change, but it is not their thyroid. ...Read more

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What are the normal measurements of thyroid gland?

What are the normal measurements of thyroid gland?

Everyone differs: There are standard ranges of normal, but many, many patients feel better when they're treated not by the numbers, but by their symptoms. Google "stop the thyroid madness" for more info. Weird name, helpful site. ...Read more

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Could having hashimoto's disease cause a person's thyroid gland to shrink in size?

Could having hashimoto's disease cause a person's thyroid gland to shrink in size?

Yes, but often enlar: The autoimmune process in hashimoto's thyroiditis can cause shrinking, but often involves enlargement of the thyroid gland, especially in the early phase of the disorder. You should see an endocrinologist for any change in thyroid size. ...Read more

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Decrease in thyroid gland size and increase in thyroid nodule size?

Decrease in thyroid gland size and increase in thyroid nodule size?

Concern: Thyroid gland do not change in size that much. Majority of thyroid nodules are benign, increase in size is a concern, should have fna biopsy (cytology) to make sure there is no malignancy in it. ...Read more

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If you take syntroid, does the normal thyroid gland stops producing hormone?

If you take syntroid, does the normal thyroid gland stops producing hormone?

Thyroid hormone: Yes.
An abnormal thyroid (Eg. Graves, multinodular goiter) may continue to make thyroid hormone even while taking synthroid (thyroxine). ...Read more

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Exophytic nodule posterior to rightllobeof thyroid gland increase in size from 2cm to 2.2cm how serious is this situation.?

Exophytic nodule posterior to rightllobeof thyroid gland increase in size from 2cm to 2.2cm how serious is this situation.?

Get a biopsy: It is impossible to answer without actually seeing the imaging, the duration over which the nodule grew, or any other symptoms. Benign exophytic nodules are not uncommon, but a biopsy will help determine if there is something to be concerned about. ...Read more

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Can thyroid gland recover its normal function, if the gland totally lost its function, what dosage of Synthroid (thyroxine) should be taken?

Can thyroid gland recover its normal function, if the gland totally lost its function, what dosage of Synthroid (thyroxine) should be taken?

Check TSH: Your thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) level needs to be checked first, and accordingly start on a reasonable dosage of thyroid supplement (synthroid), then needs close follow up to titrate your dosage. Once a reasonable and stable dosage is found, you still will need to monitor the level every 6 months. ...Read more

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Took Nascent iodine supplement today, serving size is 1, 950 mcg, could this enlarge, my thyroid gland? If so would it be permanent?

Very High Dose: Is this one time dose or you are going to be taking it daily and why are you taking Iodine
In USA our salt is Iodised I wiuld imagine it is also iodised in UK
If you take more than 500 microrgam of iodine daily it may cause Hypothyroidism and increased risk of thyroid cancer and thyrotoxicosis and enlargement of thyroid
Ask your doctor if you should take iodine supplment and how much ...Read more

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How much cAn tsh fluctuate with in the range with normal thyroid gland? Please answer with maximum value and minimum value before/after inflamation?

How much cAn tsh fluctuate with in the range with normal thyroid gland? Please answer with maximum value and minimum value before/after inflamation?

Inflammation thyroid: Inflammation? What is meant by this? A normal person's TSH can vary within the normal range. There can be assay variation in addition to biologic variation. A serious illness or chronic inflammation can cause "euthyroid sick syndrome" where TSH and T4 decrease, and then increase on recovery from the illness. During recovery, TSH can be above the normal range. ...Read more

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Thyroid gland is increased in vascularity suggestive of underlying thyroiditis..... Tsh is normal?

Thyroid gland is increased in vascularity suggestive of underlying thyroiditis..... Tsh is normal?

Happens regularly: This picture is encountered relatively often. Think of it as if the thyroid is inflamed but still has enough reserve to produce adequate hormone. It can be seen in conditions like subclinical thyroiditis or in hashimoto's disease, after the thyroid is "burnt out" and doesn't produce elevated hormone, but before the hormone levels become low. See an endocrinologist for more information. ...Read more

Thyroid Gland (Definition)

It is an endocrine gland which produces thyroxin hormone which controls the metabolism in every cell in the body. It produces 80 to 90%t4 and 10 to 20 %t3. These control rate of metabolism and affect the growth and rate of functions of many cells in the body it is ...Read more


Dr. Mark Pack
13 Doctors shared insights

Thyroid (Definition)

The thyroid is an endocrine gland that sits in the lower part of the neck. It produces thyroid hormone - which ...Read more