Top
30
Doctor insights on: Non Modifiable Risk Factors For Atherosclerosis

Share
1

1
What are the general risk factors of atherosclerosis?

What are the general risk factors of atherosclerosis?

Well known: Heredity, high LDL cholesterol, cigarette smoking, hypertension, diabetes, lack of exercise. Less striking -- low HDL, high triglycerides, renal failure, high homocystine levels, obesity, hypercoagulable blood. There are some labs that are promoted as risks but nobody knows what to do with them and physicians order them mostly as cover-your-butt. ...Read more

Dr. Milton Alvis Jr
389 doctors shared insights

Atherosclerosis (Definition)

Atherosclerosis is a common disease affecting the walls of arteries. Commonly described as "clogged" blood vessels, it can cause heart attack or stroke even without severe blockages: e.g., if blood clots form on plaques. High levels of LDL cholesterol, diabetes, smoking, high blood pressure, & aging can all contribute to atherosclerosis, but prevention is possible ...Read more


2

2
What are two factors that lead to development of atherosclerosis?

What are two factors that lead to development of atherosclerosis?

Smoking HTN: Smoking and hypertension are 2 big ones, but let's not forget high cholesterol, diabetes, age, and family history (you can't do anything about the last 3). ...Read more

3

3
Why does atherosclerosis run in families? Is it just a gene that runs through and you just naturally develop cardiovascular disease or is it because of the risk factors that run in families?

Why does atherosclerosis run in families? Is it just a gene that runs through and you just naturally develop cardiovascular disease or is it because of the risk factors that run in families?

Genetics: High cholesterol, high blod pressure and other risks factors are genetically determined and may be responsible for early onsetnheart disease. That said, may risk factors such as obesity or smoking can be modified and lower your overall risk. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
5

5
What is atherosclerosis?

What is atherosclerosis?

Plaque: buildup of plaque and cholesterol deposits, etc. in the arteries--- "hardening of the arteries". Risk factors--- smoking, family history, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, age ...Read more

6

6
What's atherosclerosis from?

What's atherosclerosis from?

Multifactorial: Usually a combination of having a family history, diabetes, high blood pressure, obesity, high cholesterol, smoking. These are the main players. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
7

7
What causes atherosclerosis?

What causes atherosclerosis?

Multiple Factors: Atherosclerosis, also known as “hardening of the arteries”, occurs when areas of the artery wall thicken in response to either increased modifiable (high LDL particle levels, smoking or high blood pressure )and non-modifiable (genetics, age, gender) risk factors. Over time, areas of focal thickening may grow into a larger lesion called a “plaque" that can limit blood flow through the vessel. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
8

8
Can atherosclerosis be cured?

No: Medications and life style changes can prevent it from progressing and at times cause some regression, but will not cure it. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
9

9
Is atherosclerosis hereditary?

Is atherosclerosis hereditary?

It can be: Yes, atherosclerosis, cholesterol and many other factors can be hereditary - there is a genetic factor - but that is not the end of the story. Smoking, diabetes, overweight/obesity, diet, exercise, cholesterol control (i.e. The preceeding and medications) can influence the progress of atherosclerosis. 1st: know you numbers, 2nd: control the aforementioned factors and take your rx(s). ...Read more

See 4 more doctor answers
10

10
What does atherosclerosis mean?

Plaque build up: It is hardening of the arteries, caused by fat, cholesterol, and other substances building up in the arteries - this is called plaque - making the arteries stiffer. This plaque interferes with the normal function of the arteries and can cause problems and symptoms throughout the body. The plaque can block the arteries and/or it can break off and flow to smaller vessels and block them. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
11

11
How does atherosclerosis start?

Multiple causes: Atherosclerosis is a complex process with diffrent risk factors. Age, htn, high cholesterol, diabetes, family history, tobacco use. The liningof blood vessel has a barrier that protects it. If something causes damage to this, than cholesterol can enter the wall of the vessel and accumulate. Such things as high blood pressue and diabetes are examples of dz that can damage the lining and promote ashd. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
12

12
Can you reverse atherosclerosis?

Maybe: Medication and life style changes can prevent progression and in some cases cause some reversal of the disease. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
13

13
What happens in atherosclerosis?

What happens in atherosclerosis?

Progression, Closure: White blood cells, mostly macrophages, invade the walls of the arteries to remove low density lipoprotein (fat carrying protein) particles. Macrophages die if overwhelmed with LDL & cannot export their ingested fat into high density lipoprotein particles. The artery wall thickens & enlarges; no symptoms decades. Plaque rupture induces sudden clots, debris downstream, sudden narrowing & closure. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
15

15
When could atherosclerosis begin?

When could atherosclerosis begin?

Even in Pre-teens: While atherosclerosis is detectable in preteens it's consequences typically do the manifest until the 50's or later. Atherosclerosis is primarily a consequence of an unhealthy diet with obesity being the main risk factor. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
16

16
How does atherosclerosis progress?

Slowly: Atheroscleroisis is a slow degenerative and proliferative process until a plaque ruptures and ulcerates, suddenly sub-totally blocking an artery. The process is completed by a clot forming at the site of ulceration. Until that day, it's a silent, gradual buildup of cholesterol, calcium, smooth muscle cells, macrophages and debris. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
17

17
When does atherosclerosis develop?

Can start as child: It is a progressive hardening of the arteries, caused by fat, cholesterol, and other substances building up in the arteries - this is called plaque - making the arteries stiffer.This plaque interferes with the normal function of the arteries and can cause problems and symptoms throughout the body.The plaque can block the arteries and/or it can break off and flow to smaller vessels and block them. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
18

18
What is atherosclerosis linked to?

Atherosclerosis: Atherosclerosis is a fancy name for disease of the arteries: risk factors are: genetics (your parents :-)), smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, obesity. There are other, secondary risks that are determined by specialized blood tests. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
19

19
How can atherosclerosis be avoided?

Atherosclerosis: By controlling the risks : 1. Treat high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol/triglycerides, diabetes. 2. Quit smoking 3. Lose weight if obese, exercise regularly 4. Healthy diet. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
20

20
What are hazards of atherosclerosis?

Un-timely death: I am not trying to be dramatic but if atherosclerosis, which is a progressive disease, is allowed to continue without any remediation, the arteries will become blocked and, in the heart, this will cause ischemia and ultimately muscle death. Atherosclerosis also progresses in the rest of the body and can cause loss of limb. Fortunately you can partner with your doctor to slow/stop it. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
21

21
What makes atherosclerosis dangerous?

The end result: Atherosclerosis is a progressive disease that involves all the arterial systems of the body, the brain, the heart, the kidneys, the gut and the limbs. As it progresses, it causes reduction of blood flow to these areas chronically, and the end organ becomes a target for embolization of the plaque or blood clot caused by atherosclerosis on an acute basis. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
23

23
What are the cures of atherosclerosis?

What are the cures of atherosclerosis?

NoCures, EffectiveTx: The LDL & HDL lipoproteins (protein particles which carry all fats in the water outside cells, see: "nmr particle test" are the primary issue, along with blood glucose (optimal hba1c ?5.0%), blood pressure (sbp ?20 mmhg), no smoking & several other issues, known & not. Thus best to address all issues in unisyn, do not aim for normal. Instead aim for excellence: absence of drivers of the disease. ...Read more

See 2 more doctor answers
24

24
What are the signs of atherosclerosis?

Definition and signs: Atherosclerosis is hardening of the arteries (they carry the healthy, oxygenated blood to the tissues) due to calcification, or buildup of stuff (cholesterol, etc.) that narrows the vessel lining. This does not mean you have pad as that is when there are symptoms due to the narrowing. Atherosclerosis is a change in the structure, pad is when the function changes for the worse. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
25

25
What medications treat atherosclerosis?

What medications treat atherosclerosis?

Atherosclerosis: blood pressure meds, diabetic meds, lipid lowering meds, meds to help stop smoking if necessary, are the main ones ...Read more

26

26
What sort of problem is atherosclerosis?

What sort of problem is atherosclerosis?

Disease of arteries: Atherosclerosis is an inflammatory process which occurs in arteries. Advanced stages cause narrowing of the arteries involved. The narrowing can lead to complete blockage of blood flow or to what is termed "plaque rupture" (when pieces of the lining of diseased artery break free. Clot forms and floats downstream). In the heart this causes heart attacks, in the brain this causes strokes. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
27

27
What are the symptoms of atherosclerosis?

What are the symptoms of atherosclerosis?

No direct symptoms: Atherosclerosis cannot be detected by direct symptoms. Narrowing of arteries diminishes blood supply and oxygen reaching tissues and this creates symptoms relating to tissue damage or death of tissue and sometimes of the host. Plaques can also break off, travel thru the blood vessels and clog up some area which will die. ...Read more

28

28
What are the symptoms of atherosclerosis?

Many or none: Many symptoms. The most common are chest pain, shortness of breath, jaw pain, arm pain, sweating, fatigue, abdominal pain, leg pain, dizziness and also back pain. Sometimes atherosclerosis is a stealth disease and there are no symptoms. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
29

29
Nonmodifiable causes of atherosclerosis ?

Can't change: These are factors that increase your chances of getting atherosclerosis (plaque in arteries) that you cannot change. For example your genes, your sex, your age. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
Dr. Steven Busuttil
243 doctors shared insights

Blocked Arteries (Definition)

Blocked arteries is a condition in which a person has decreased or no blood flow in one or more of his arteries, due to obstructions inside the artery such as thick plaques, floating clumps of broken plaques, blood clots, etc... Severe compression due to a problem on the outside of an artery can also ...Read more