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Doctor insights on: Newborn Respiratory Distress In Children

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What are the tests for newborn respiratory distress?

What are the tests for newborn respiratory distress?

Various: Normally newborn with respiratory distress will need tests to measure lung function such as blood gases, pulse oximetry and a chest x-ray. They also need tests to determine the presence of infection such as a white blood cell count (cbc), and blood culture. There are other tests that maybe used such as CRP which is blood protein that maybe elevated in the presence of infection. ...Read more

Dr. James Lin
1 Doctor shared a insight

Neonatal (Definition)

The term neonatal is generally used to describe events that occur with an infant within the first 30 days after birth. Some practitioners are looser with the definition & extend the ...Read more


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What is the definition or description of: Newborn respiratory distress?

What is the definition or description of: Newborn respiratory distress?

Newborn respiratory: Newborn respiratory distress occurs mainly in premature newborns with immature lungs. Their lungs are unable to produce surfactant. Surfactant is important in maintaining surface tension of the lungs. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for newborn respiratory distress?

What is the treatment for newborn respiratory distress?

Various: Treatment of rds is directed at the most common causes of rds and may vary depending on many factors which include gestational age and risk factors for infection. Treatment is directed at supporting the babies lungs ability to maintain adaquate oxygen levels and treating infection therefore antibiotic are often administered along with oxygen and possibly surfactant and CPAP or mechanical ventilat. ...Read more

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What is neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

What is neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

Premature lung: Prematures lack surfactant which is essential to keep alveoli expanded. This results in gradual collapse of more and more alveoli, (atelectasis) making it more difficult to oxygenate the blood. This becomes hyaline membrane disease or neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. ...Read more

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Any recent research studies on preventing respiratory distress in newborns?

Any recent research studies on preventing respiratory distress in newborns?

Yes, indirectly.: Since the discovery that antenatal steroids could reduce respiratory distress syndrome (rds) more than 20 years ago, there have been few studies of preventing rds, per se. However, the major cause of rds is preterm birth and there have been lots of recent studies of conditions like preterm labor, gestational diabetes, and pregnancy-induced hypertension, that are associated with preterm delivery. ...Read more

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What babies are at risk of developing the neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

What babies are at risk of developing the neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

Resp. Distress syndr: Its caused by deficiency of surfactant that lines the airways&lung immaturity. From baby being premature vs genetic protein def. Varies in severity form baby to baby & some may require ventilatory support. Depends on gestational age from about 50% in babies born at 26–28 weeks, to about 25% at 30–31 weeks. Is more frequent in infants of diabetic mothers & in the second born of premature twins. ...Read more

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General concerns and questions about newborn with respiratory distress syndrome in intensive care?

General concerns and questions about newborn with respiratory distress syndrome in intensive care?

Prematurity: Leads to immature lunga with inadequate surfactant, a detergent that helps keep alveoli open. High o2 concentrations can cause retrolentil fibroplasoia leading to blindness. ...Read more

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Delivery by cesarean section is one of the predisposing factors of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, why? And how?

?? RDS??: I would agree more cs babies have respiratory pbs than regular delivery but the issue is ttn (transient tachypnea of the newborn) not rds. A trip down the birth canal helps squeeze some of the lung fluid out before birth, which does not happen for cs. About 10% of cs will have to work hard to clear that fluid & may require o2 & special care in the process. It usually clears in < 48hr. ...Read more

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Does respiratory distress syndrome only occur in premature babies or can it happen in older children too?

Does respiratory distress syndrome only occur in premature babies or can it happen in older children too?

NB of any gestation: While this is most common in premi newborns it is occasionally seen in full term or post term infants. Infants of diabetic mothers for some reason are more prone to this rare event. Features & treatment is the same. ...Read more

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What sort of problem is acute respiratory distress syndrome (a.R.D.S.)?

What sort of problem is acute respiratory distress syndrome (a.R.D.S.)?

Fluid in lungs: ARDS (first called da nang lung as it was seen in the wounded in the vietnam war) is seen with many kinds of injuries to the lung either direct like pneumonia, or indirect like traumatic injury). Inflammation starting in the lung or elsewhere causes the lung to become fluid filled, stiff and leads to respiratory failure. Treatment is mechanical ventilator support and treatment underlying cause. ...Read more

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How can I tell if my infant is in respiratory distress?

How can I tell if my infant is in respiratory distress?

Follow your gut: Moms are usually able to recognize abnormalities in their children by instinct. The first sign of a child in respiratory distress is usually decreased oral intake. Fast breathing "tachypnea", indrawing between the ribs "retractions", anxiousness, and changing color to blue are all indications that the infant needs to see a doctor urgently. ...Read more

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Could you explain what is respiratory distress syndrome?

Could you explain what is respiratory distress syndrome?

Pattern illness: The label for a newborn refers to the pattern of inadequate lung function after birth. There are several potential causes, but the classical picture is the premature infant whose lungs have not developed completely by the time they deliver. Like painting walls in your house, lungs air sacs need a coating that keeps the air sacs open between breaths. This comes in late for premi's. ...Read more

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What is respiratory distress syndrome in a baby?

What is respiratory distress syndrome in a baby?

Prematurity: Leads to immature lunga with inadequate surfactant, a detergent that helps keep alveoli open. High o2 concentrations can cause retrolentil fibroplasoia leading to blindness. ...Read more

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What is infant respiratory distress syndrome? How is it treated?

What is infant respiratory distress syndrome? How is it treated?

RDS: We build lungs in stages like a house. One of the final stages is the production of a soapy material called surfactant that lines the inside of air sacs & prevents the sacs from deflating after a breath. Infants that are not making enough surfactant to keep air sacs open so too many will deflate leading to distress. Respiratory assistance is needed until a baby starts making more surfactant ...Read more

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What is infant respiratory distress syndrome? How is it treated?

What is infant respiratory distress syndrome? How is it treated?

RDS: We build lungs in stages like a house. One of the final stages is the production of a soapy material called surfactant that lines the inside of air sacs & prevents the sacs from deflating after a breath. Infants that are not making enough surfactant to keep air sacs open so too many will deflate leading to distress. Respiratory assistance is needed until a baby starts making more surfactant ...Read more

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Severe stridor and respiratory distress. What is the immediate management?

Tube: If there is truly stridor, the patient needs immediate intubation and artificial ventilation. The respiratory distress will rapidly worsen. ...Read more

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What is respiratory distress syndrome rds?

RDS: We build our lungs in stages like building a house. One of the final stages is the production of a soapy material called surfactant that lines the inside of air sacs & prevents the sacs from deflating after air breathing starts. Infants that are not making enough surfactant to keep air sacs open so many will deflate leading to distress. Assistance is needed until a baby starts making more surfacta. ...Read more

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Describe the pathophysiology of adult respiratory distress syndrome?

Describe the pathophysiology of adult respiratory distress syndrome?

Prematurity: Leads to immature lunga with inadequate surfactant, a detergent that helps keep alveoli open. High o2 concentrations can cause retrolentil fibroplasoia leading to blindness. ...Read more

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How can acute pancreatitis cause adult respiratory distress syndrome?!

How can acute pancreatitis cause adult respiratory distress syndrome?!

Difficulty breathing: Acute pancreatitis can instigate an overwhelming inflammatory response that can severe inflammation of the lungs causing lung damage. The lung damage can be so severe which leads to a bad case of shortness of breath. ...Read more

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What describes the pathophysiology of adult respiratory distress syndrome?

Death of...: ...Cells that produce surfactant in the lungs. Surfactant keeps the alveolar walls from sticking together, and so keeps lungs open for breathing. Once these cells die, alveoli collapse. ...Read more

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How can therapeutic drugs such as (bleomycin) cause adult respiratory distress syndrome?

Lung damage: Many drugs can cause scaring of the lungs. If the lungs are too severely damaged, it may lead to ards. ...Read more

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My baby has acute respiratory distress and is on a ventilator. What are the options after this?

My baby has acute respiratory distress and is on a ventilator. What are the options after this?

ARDS: Once the respiratory disorder is controlled and the baby is stable and well, you ought to be able to bring the baby home. It is important to watch for any signs of breathing difficulties. Feed the baby while baby is seated (avoid risk of aspiration), reduce contacts with pets and pollens, . And because even the smoke on clothes can trigger bronchospasm, no smoking by anyone in contact with baby. ...Read more

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Is it possible for people with acute respiratory distress syndrome who are in a coma to wake up?

Is it possible for people with acute respiratory distress syndrome who are in a coma to wake up?

Absolutely: The coma is frequently drug induced to allow systems to recover. ARDS is frequently able to be improved with treatment. ...Read more

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My infant has occasional nasal flarinf but not other signs of respiratory distress is this normal?

My infant has occasional nasal flarinf but not other signs of respiratory distress is this normal?

Mgt: Nasal flaring is a symptom of associated respiratory problems. It would be helpful to see a short video of the problem, which you can show to your PCP. Observe your baby's breathing pattern while asleep and report any problems. ...Read more

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What is the causeof respiratory distress syndrome?

What is the causeof respiratory distress syndrome?

Two types: Sepsis syndrome, severe multiple trauma, and aspiration of saliva/gastric contents account for most cases of acute respiratory distress syndrome in the adult. Rds of the newborn is a completely different entity and a common problem in preterm infants. It is caused by deficiency of pulmonary surfactant in an immature lung. ...Read more

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What are the tests for adult respiratory distress syndrome?

What are the tests for adult respiratory distress syndrome?

Not many: ARDS is a clinical disease; usually, chest xrays are usually suggestive. Ct scans of the chest are better. Sometimes, lung biopsies done by a lung surgeon are necessary to get at the diagnosis. There is no real blood test for the test. If you think you have ards, you should definitely seek immediate medical attention. ...Read more

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What are the tests for respiratory distress syndrome in child?

What are the tests for respiratory distress syndrome in child?

Hx, Px, X ray: Rds is expected in premature infants or infants of diabetic mothers & emerges as increased work of breathing, need for oxygen & suggestive changes on xrays. There is some overlap of neonatal pneumonia, blood poisoning & rds symptoms & xrays so most are treated aggressively for all. Older kids can have a similar problem & the label is used when the pattern, xrays and o2 needs fit the pattern. ...Read more

Dr. T. Allen Merritt
21 Doctors shared insights

Newborn Respiratory Distress (Definition)

Newborn respiratory distress occurs mainly in premature newborns with immature lungs. Their lungs are unable to produce surfactant. Surfactant is important in maintaining surface ...Read more


Dr. Herman Hammerstead
7 Doctors shared insights

Respiratory System (Definition)

The respiratory system consists of all organs in the body related to breathing including the nose, mouth, trachea and lungs. All four of these are ...Read more