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Doctor insights on: Neurofibromatosis Williams Syndrome

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Help! Is it possible to have a lot of cafe au lait spots and not have neurofibromatosis?

Help! Is it possible to have a lot of cafe au lait spots and not have neurofibromatosis?

Possible: NIH diagnostic criteria for NF1 with two or more of following features:1)6 or more café-au-lait macules over 5 mm in diameter prepubertal individuals over 15 mm in greatest diameter in postpubertal..2) 2or more neurofibromas or one plexiform neurofibroma.3)Freckling in armpit or groin areas4)Optic glioma (optic nerve tumor)5) > 2 Lisch nodules(iris of eye)6)typical bone lesions 7)1deg relative nf1 ...Read more

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Dr. Fred McCurdy
63 doctors shared insights

Williams Syndrome (Definition)

Neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by loquacious personality, abnormally sensitive hearing, supravalvular aortic stenosis, mental retardation, elfin facies, association with hypercalcemia due to abnormal sensitivity to vitamin d, idiopathic hypercalcemia of pregnancy. Due to deletion in elastin gene and probably several ...Read more


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Could anybody get neurofibromatosis?

Congenital condition: Neurofibromatosis is an autosomal dominant genetic disease, meaning if one of your parents has the disease you have a 50% chance of inheriting the disease. There are also instances of spontaneous mutation in about half of cases where an individual has the disease but it is not seen in family members. Either way, you are born with the condition, but may not see symptoms until later. ...Read more

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Is neurofibromatosis a rare disease?

Is neurofibromatosis a rare disease?

Define rare: At 1/4000 births this is relatively common compared to many genetically influenced afflictions. About a 3rd are new mutations and the others are passed from an affected parent to half their offspring. ...Read more

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What is the history of neurofibromatosis?

Long history: von Recklinghausen's (NF1) has pictorial history, dating back to thirteenth century.In 1768, Akenside published a scientifically-based description of NF1, recognizing that scholars such as Parè and Aldrovandi, in fact suffered from a disorder of the nerves.Neuromas of NF1 were first detailed by Smith in 1849, but Frederick von Recklinghausen is credited with its discovery and coined the name. ...Read more

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Can neurofibromatosis have a cure someday?

Can neurofibromatosis have a cure someday?

Hopefully Yes: We have learned much about neurofibromatosis (nf) over the years . As our understanding grows our treatments and possibly a cure will come. Our understanding is advancing ever more rapidly in the last few years. ...Read more

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How can I know if I have neurofibromatosis?

How can I know if I have neurofibromatosis?

Many signs: Physician with physical exam can detect many signs of nf.Symptoms of nf1, most common form may be seen at birth and may include light brown spots on the skin ("cafe-au-lait" spots), two or more growths on the iris of the eye, a tumor of optic nerve, a larger than normal head circumference, development of subcutaneous nodules or neurofibromas, abnormal spine, tibia, or other bone. ...Read more

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What are the main symptoms of neurofibromatosis?

What are the main symptoms of neurofibromatosis?

Many manifestations: Commonly nf gradually appears with development of brown flat spots and soft nodules under the skin. The brown (café-au-lai) spots are the main symptom of neurofibromatosis. Freckling of armpits, neurofibromas orsubcutaneous bumps , which increase in number with age.. Lisch nodules (hamartomas of iris), gliomas of the optic nerve, skeletal dysplasias with limb abnormalities and scoliosis. ...Read more

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What symptoms make you think of neurofibromatosis?

What symptoms make you think of neurofibromatosis?

There are 2 froms.: Nf-1 is characterized by tumors on small nerves under the skin. The worst form of this was depicted in a movie called the "elephant man". Tumors on spinal nerves can cause numness and weakness of certain arm or leg muscles. Nf-2 is characterized by brain tumors. The most common form is a tumor on both hearing nerves. Hearing loss, dizzyness, and ringing in the ear are common symptoms of nf-2. ...Read more

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How can you tell if someone has neurofibromatosis?

What type?: Nf-1 has classic skin manifestations - one just examines skin to see if criteria for the number/size of nevi and ash-leaf spots on the skin are seen. ...Read more

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Is there any research is being done on neurofibromatosis (nf)?

Yes: Research teams located the exact position of the NF1 gene on chromosome 17.Product of NF1 gene is a large and complex protein called neurofibromin,which is primarily active in nervous cells as a regulator of cell division.Intensive efforts have let to the identification of the NF2 gene on chromosome 22. NF2 gene product is a tumor-suppressor protein called merlin.Ongoing research to discover genes ...Read more

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Dr. Gerald Mandell
160 doctors shared insights

Neurofibromatosis (Definition)

Neurofibromatosis is a genetic condition characterized by caf_ au lait spots, which are pigmented patches of skin, and benign ...Read more