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Doctor insights on: Neonatal Respiratory Distress Syndrome In Children

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What is neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

What is neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

Premature lung: Prematures lack surfactant which is essential to keep alveoli expanded. This results in gradual collapse of more and more alveoli, (atelectasis) making it more difficult to oxygenate the blood. This becomes hyaline membrane disease or neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. ...Read more

Dr. Shari Jackson
1 Doctor shared a insight

Neonatal (Definition)

The term neonatal is generally used to describe events that occur with an infant within the first 30 days after birth. Some practitioners are looser with the definition & extend the ...Read more


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What babies are at risk of developing the neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

What babies are at risk of developing the neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

Resp. Distress syndr: Its caused by deficiency of surfactant that lines the airways&lung immaturity. From baby being premature vs genetic protein def. Varies in severity form baby to baby & some may require ventilatory support. Depends on gestational age from about 50% in babies born at 26–28 weeks, to about 25% at 30–31 weeks. Is more frequent in infants of diabetic mothers & in the second born of premature twins. ...Read more

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Delivery by cesarean section is one of the predisposing factors of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, why? And how?

Delivery by cesarean section is one of the predisposing factors of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome, why? And how?

?? RDS??: I would agree more cs babies have respiratory pbs than regular delivery but the issue is ttn (transient tachypnea of the newborn) not rds. A trip down the birth canal helps squeeze some of the lung fluid out before birth, which does not happen for cs. About 10% of cs will have to work hard to clear that fluid & may require o2 & special care in the process. It usually clears in < 48hr. ...Read more

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General concerns and questions about newborn with respiratory distress syndrome in intensive care?

General concerns and questions about newborn with respiratory distress syndrome in intensive care?

Prematurity: Leads to immature lunga with inadequate surfactant, a detergent that helps keep alveoli open. High o2 concentrations can cause retrolentil fibroplasoia leading to blindness. ...Read more

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Does respiratory distress syndrome only occur in premature babies or can it happen in older children too?

Does respiratory distress syndrome only occur in premature babies or can it happen in older children too?

NB of any gestation: While this is most common in premi newborns it is occasionally seen in full term or post term infants. Infants of diabetic mothers for some reason are more prone to this rare event. Features & treatment is the same. ...Read more

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What sort of problem is acute respiratory distress syndrome (a.R.D.S.)?

What sort of problem is acute respiratory distress syndrome (a.R.D.S.)?

Fluid in lungs: ARDS (first called da nang lung as it was seen in the wounded in the vietnam war) is seen with many kinds of injuries to the lung either direct like pneumonia, or indirect like traumatic injury). Inflammation starting in the lung or elsewhere causes the lung to become fluid filled, stiff and leads to respiratory failure. Treatment is mechanical ventilator support and treatment underlying cause. ...Read more

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What are the tests for adult respiratory distress syndrome?

What are the tests for adult respiratory distress syndrome?

Not many: ARDS is a clinical disease; usually, chest xrays are usually suggestive. Ct scans of the chest are better. Sometimes, lung biopsies done by a lung surgeon are necessary to get at the diagnosis. There is no real blood test for the test. If you think you have ards, you should definitely seek immediate medical attention. ...Read more

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What are the tests for respiratory distress syndrome in child?

What are the tests for respiratory distress syndrome in child?

Hx, Px, X ray: Rds is expected in premature infants or infants of diabetic mothers & emerges as increased work of breathing, need for oxygen & suggestive changes on xrays. There is some overlap of neonatal pneumonia, blood poisoning & rds symptoms & xrays so most are treated aggressively for all. Older kids can have a similar problem & the label is used when the pattern, xrays and o2 needs fit the pattern. ...Read more

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What is respiratory distress syndrome in a baby?

What is respiratory distress syndrome in a baby?

Prematurity: Leads to immature lunga with inadequate surfactant, a detergent that helps keep alveoli open. High o2 concentrations can cause retrolentil fibroplasoia leading to blindness. ...Read more

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Can smoke lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome?

Can smoke lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome?

Risk factor: Acute respiratory distress syndrome ARDS isform of lung failure results, inability to carry oxygen is seen in sepsis, burns, major injuries, drugs pneumonia, viral infection, and when other starts to fail. Smoking is a very important, contributory risk factor, even though smoking itself alone will not cause ards. ...Read more

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How to treat adult respiratory distress syndrome quickly?

How to treat adult respiratory distress syndrome quickly?

Go to ER...: If a person is having difficulty breathing, they should get to an er immediately. In the er, if adult respiratory distress syndrome is present, the person will likely need to be on a mechanical ventilator while the possible causes are ruled out. Other medications, like antibiotics, will be needed depending on the cause of the ARDS in that particular case. Many causes for ARDS exist ...Read more

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What is adult respiratory distress syndrome and is it fatal?

See below: A reaction of the body against its own lung tissue in response to a variety of insults, such as infection, sepsis, pancreatitis, severe trauma, burns, severe allergy etc etc. It can be fatal if not treated. With appropriate treatment, more than half of the patients survive, most regain normal or near normal lung function. ...Read more

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Could you explain what is acute respiratory distress syndrome?

ARDS: Check out http://www. Mayoclinic. Org/diseases-conditions/ards/basics/definition/con-20030070 for info on ARDS which is described as fluid build up in lung sacs (alveoli). ...Read more

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Could you explain what is infant respiratory distress syndrome?

Could you explain what is infant respiratory distress syndrome?

RDS: Is due to immaturity of the lungs at birth. The lungs produce a product called surfactant as they mature, prior to completion of the pregnancy term. When a baby is pre-term, then there may be a lack of adequate surfactant. This is called respiratory distress syndrome. Surfactant helps the lungs to inflate properly so they can exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. It usually improves in days. ...Read more

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What is infant respiratory distress syndrome? How is it treated?

What is infant respiratory distress syndrome? How is it treated?

RDS: We build lungs in stages like a house. One of the final stages is the production of a soapy material called surfactant that lines the inside of air sacs & prevents the sacs from deflating after a breath. Infants that are not making enough surfactant to keep air sacs open so too many will deflate leading to distress. Respiratory assistance is needed until a baby starts making more surfactant ...Read more

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What is infant respiratory distress syndrome? How is it treated?

What is infant respiratory distress syndrome? How is it treated?

RDS: We build lungs in stages like a house. One of the final stages is the production of a soapy material called surfactant that lines the inside of air sacs & prevents the sacs from deflating after a breath. Infants that are not making enough surfactant to keep air sacs open so too many will deflate leading to distress. Respiratory assistance is needed until a baby starts making more surfactant ...Read more

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Explain the condition called adult respiratory distress syndrome.?

Explain the condition called adult respiratory distress syndrome.?

Emergency: ARDS is a general term for acute respiratory failure in which the capillaries in the lungs leak causing the air spaces to fill with fluid. There are many causes. Treatment requires supplemental oxygen and a search for the underlying cause. Mechanical ventilation with a "breathing machine" temporarily is necessary in many cases. ...Read more

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Which is the link between surfactant and respiratory distress syndrome?

Deficiency: The rds comes in 2 basic forms. That of premature infants that do not yet make enough surfactant, and the older kid/adult who looses their surfactant during an illness or toxic event. The surfactant helps assure that the bag like alveoli of the lung air exchange does not empty completely like a balloon. If it does, extra pressure is needed to inflate it to allow oxygen exchange. ...Read more

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Can a prematured baby with respiratory distress syndrome fully recovered?

Can a prematured baby with respiratory distress syndrome fully recovered?

Absolutely: There have been many studies showing excellent lung function in children who suffered from respiratory distress syndrome as premies.
However, these babies may be more susceptible to long term consequences to the developing lungs of viral infections, cigarette smoke and allergens. ...Read more

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Are people recovering from acute respiratory distress syndrome likely to get it again?

Depends on the cause: ARDS obviously weakens the lungs, but recurrence is not common during recovery. ARDS can recur, especially if the reason it occurred is still present. There does seem to be a predilection for it in some people, perhaps because of an imbalance between pro and anti-inflammatory immune process. ...Read more

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What is the causeof respiratory distress syndrome?

What is the causeof respiratory distress syndrome?

Two types: Sepsis syndrome, severe multiple trauma, and aspiration of saliva/gastric contents account for most cases of acute respiratory distress syndrome in the adult. Rds of the newborn is a completely different entity and a common problem in preterm infants. It is caused by deficiency of pulmonary surfactant in an immature lung. ...Read more

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Could you explain what is respiratory distress syndrome?

Could you explain what is respiratory distress syndrome?

Pattern illness: The label for a newborn refers to the pattern of inadequate lung function after birth. There are several potential causes, but the classical picture is the premature infant whose lungs have not developed completely by the time they deliver. Like painting walls in your house, lungs air sacs need a coating that keeps the air sacs open between breaths. This comes in late for premi's. ...Read more

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How long should adult respiratory distress syndrome last?

Depends...: The length of time needed to recover from ARDS depends on the underlying cause. Many things can cause ARDS including infection, pulmonary embolus, cardiac causes, etc. Once the underlying cause is treated, recovery can begin. Patients who recover from ARDS usually face a lengthy recovery process, including some type of rehabilitation so encouraging the patient during this time is needed. ...Read more

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Can you cure adult respiratory distress syndrome quickly?

Depends...: The speed of recovery from adult respiratory distress syndrome, ards, depends on the underlying cause of the ards. For example, if it is due to infection, the appropriate antibiotics are needed. It will take time for the lung injury to heal, regardless of the cause. Patients who recover from ARDS typically require a lengthy recovery process, including some form of rehabilitation. Patience is key. ...Read more

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What does adult respiratory distress syndrome turn out like?

What does adult respiratory distress syndrome turn out like?

Variable: Some people return to their previous state of health, but most have some lingering effects even as long as a year afterwards. Significant permanent impairment happens in about 10% of patients. Some of the effects are subtle an can only be detected with pulmonary function tests. Some people have a loss of energy and shortness of breath. ...Read more

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What are the early symptoms of adult respiratory distress syndrome?

Trouble breathing: The one symptoms that all who get ARDS is dyspnea, which progresses to an inability to breath on their own. Cough may be present, but not always, fever may be present, as well as chest tightness. Pain is usually absent. ...Read more

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How can you tell if your child will have respiratory distress syndrome?

When it happends: The frequency of respiratory distress tends to increase as the term of pregnancy decreases, reaching about 50% before 36 wks in males. It can occur in term babies, particularly diabetic mothers & I have seen some 30 wk premi's that never had it. Other conditions like lung fluid retention, amniotic fluid aspiration & neonatal pneumonia can have an identical presentation in the newborn period. ...Read more

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What does it mean when if someone has adult respiratory distress syndrome?

ARDS...: In adult respiratory distress syndrome, ards, there is a severe lung reaction from some inciting event like infection, trauma, pulmonary embolus, cardiac causes, etc. The lungs develop severe, bilateral interstitial changes and the patient usually requires mechanical ventilation while the underlying cause is diagnosed and treated. ...Read more

Dr. Eric Weisman
7 Doctors shared insights

Respiratory System (Definition)

The respiratory system consists of all organs in the body related to breathing including the nose, mouth, trachea and lungs. All four of these are ...Read more


Sudden Severe Difficulty Breathing (Definition)

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