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How does a newborn infant get a pneumothorax and what's the difference between that an a tension pneumo?
Colapsed Lung: A pneumothorax occurs when air gets in the the space between the chest wall and the lung. This space should not contain anything. So when air gets in, the lungs have to become smaller. A tension-pneumothorax is when the contents of the chest (heart, lung, collapsed lung) all shift to one side. Typically this is life threatening because blood cannot flow well. We don't always know why this is. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
TTN and PTX: TTN is transient tachypnea of the newborn. It typically will resolve with time and usually requires only supportive care. Some infants may be born with retained fluid in their lungs and natural mechanisms to balance fluids are in place. The pneumothorax or collapsed lung, may be due to delivery and pressure on the baby's chest. The treatment depends upon the extent of the pneumothorax. ...Read more
Rest!: A lung can take weeks to fully recover from a pneumothorax, depending on the cause, extent, and treatment of it. The primary goal is to 'reinflate' the lung and prevent air from again leaking into the pleural space. This will require rest, and regardless of the severity, caution: having had a pneumothorax increases the likelihood of developing another later in life. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Exam and X-ray. : Pneumothorax is first and foremost diagnosed clinically based on symptoms (shortness of breath, increased breathing, oxygen requirement) and by listening to the chest (decreased breath sounds). It should be confirmed by chest x-ray. If a small pneumothorax is present, physical exam is less reliable and a chest x-ray should be done. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
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