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Doctor insights on: Neonatal Pneumothorax

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Dr. Lois Freisleben-Cook
31 doctors shared insights

Neonatal (Definition)

The term neonatal is generally used to describe events that occur with an infant within the first 30 days after birth.Some practitioners are looser with the definition & extend the ...Read more


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Can spontaneous pneumothorax occur after pleurodesis?

Can spontaneous pneumothorax occur after pleurodesis?

Unfortunately yes: There are different techniques to treat spontaneous pneumothorax (sp). On average, a vats pleuradesis that uses talc application has over 90-95% success rate in primary sp. This means, even after aggressive surgical and chemical pleuradesis, there may be up to 10% of individuals that suffer recurrence. ...Read more

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What is acute neonatal hydramnios?

What is acute neonatal hydramnios?

About the fetus: When the fetus is developing their is too much fluid in the uterine sac for fetal development. ...Read more

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Can spontaneous pneumothorax occur after a pleurodesis?

Can spontaneous pneumothorax occur after a pleurodesis?

YES: The most effective means of pleuradesis occurs when medical grade talc is surgically applied. The success rate is estimated between 90-95%. Thus, individuals can see up to 15% recurrence. The other issue is that, patients may be at risk for pneumothorax in the opposite side. It is important to have thorough evaluation and discussion with a thoracic surgeon. ...Read more

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Is neonatal sepsis related to hbo incompatibility?

Neonatal sepsis: No it is caused from infection and has nothing to do with ABO incompatibilty. ...Read more

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Does naval aviation lead to spontaneous pneumothorax?

Does naval aviation lead to spontaneous pneumothorax?

Rare: In normal patients aviation does not lead to spontaneous pneumothorax. In people who have bullous disease or blebs (abnormal lung tissue that form large air sacs) pressure changes may lead to a higher risk of spontaneous pneumothorax. A person who already has had an episode of pneumothorax has as high as a 50% chance of having a recurrence without definitive treatment.. ...Read more

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Pneumothorax and pleurodesis - how often is pleurodesis needed?

Pneumothorax and pleurodesis - how often is pleurodesis needed?

Depends: Depends on your individual pathology. Pleurodesis is considered if you have recurrent disease. As thoracoscopy gains popularity and is a minimally invasive targeted treatment , some surgeons prefer early thoracoscopy. Pleurodesis may not work for some pneumothorax and staple excision is needed for some pathology. ...Read more

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Can fetal pyelectasis be fatal?

Can fetal pyelectasis be fatal?

No.: Fetal pyelectasis refers to borderline prominence of the renal collecting system and is defined as >4 mm by 20 weeks; >7 mm between 20-30 weeks and >8 mm after 30 weeks. It is seen in 3% of all pregnancies associated with polyhydramnios and diabetes mellitus. It is a very weak marker of increased risk for fetal down syndrome but never causes mortal risk. Neonatal follow-up is required! ...Read more

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What is neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

Premature lung: Prematures lack surfactant which is essential to keep alveoli expanded. This results in gradual collapse of more and more alveoli, (atelectasis) making it more difficult to oxygenate the blood. This becomes hyaline membrane disease or neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. ...Read more

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What is birth asphyxia? Anoxia? Hypoxia?

What is birth asphyxia? Anoxia? Hypoxia?

See below: All 3 terms refer to a decrease in the amount of oxygen the baby receives during the birthing process. If severe, it could have an effect on the child's brain. ...Read more

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Is pulmonary embolism in an infant fatal?

Is pulmonary embolism in an infant fatal?

Can be: A pulmonary embolism, regardless of the age of the patient, can be fatal. It should be noted that not all pulmonary emboli are fatal and the incidence of pulmonary emboli in infants is quite small. ...Read more

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Can living at a higher altitude cause spontaneous pneumothorax?

No: Pneumothorax is a risk with barotrauma occurring during rapid changes in pressure causing the lung to overexpand. For example if a scuba diver is at depth takes a deep breath and comes up from the high pressure depth to low pressure at surface, the lungs will overexpand. As pressure decreases, volume of air in lungs increase>barotrauma. Living at constant pressure at high altitude is ok. ...Read more

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Can pulmonary fibrosis result from viral pneumonia?

Can pulmonary fibrosis result from viral pneumonia?

No: Generally speaking pulmonary fibrosis is not the result of viral pneumonia. Sometimes viral pneumonia can cause some scarring of the lungs that may resemble some forms of pulmonary fibrosis. There is a form of pulmonary fibrosis called cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis that sometimes may be the result of lung infections including viral pneumonia. ...Read more

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Would pneumoconiosis hasten death by pulmonary edema?

Would pneumoconiosis hasten death by pulmonary edema?

Additive: Pneumoconiosis, or restrictive lung disease caused by environmental exposure to things like coal dust or asbestos causes serious progressive lung dysfunction. Pulmonary edema is fluid buildup in the lungs, usually from cardiac dysfunction. If a person has both, it would be expected that their outcome would be worse than if they had either disease alone. ...Read more

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Whats newborn pneumonia?

Worrisome infection: Prior to birth, the lungs are formed but not inflated. Somewhat like a balloon.There is some fluid within the lung spaces that moves into the blood after the lungs inflate (babies first crys). If germs get into that fluid during labor or delivery, the lung tissue becomes infected & functions poorly.Baby may need extra oxygen and breath rapidly.Treatment is aimed at killing germs & supporting baby ...Read more

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Causes of recurrent spontaneous pneumotorax?

Causes of recurrent spontaneous pneumotorax?

Most likely: Are tuberculosis and congenital bullae. Stop smoking too. These days, operation is video assisted stapled excision of bullae and possible talc pleurodesis, not open chest surgery, so scar and pain are lot less. ...Read more

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Is pleural effusion serious in fetus?

Is pleural effusion serious in fetus?

Can be.: If fetus has pleural effusion, can affect development of the lungs. If mother has pleural effusion, can affect mom's breathing and getting oxygen to the fetus. ...Read more

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Whats spontaneuous pneumothorax recovery time?

Whats spontaneuous pneumothorax recovery time?

Depends: Depending size, the leak can potentially seal in a few days like a scab formation. Full resolution of "small" pneumothorax, without intervention, generally takes up to 10 days. Lung "healing" takes weeks to months. The recovery from surgery is variable depending on techniques and patient specifics. If someone smokes (tobacco or marijuana), the lung continues to be damaged. ...Read more

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Meaning of neonatal jaundice?

Jaundice : Physiologic neonatal jaundice is yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes due to elevation of a breakdown product of old blood cells called bilirubin that builds up in newborns due to immaturity of liver enzymes. Pathologic neonatal jaundice can also result from various disease states. Phototherapy with special lights, or more aggressive therapy, may be needed to lower bilirubin to safe levels. ...Read more

Dr. Debra Rosenblatt
1 doctor shared a insight

Neonatal (Definition)

The term neonatal is generally used to describe events that occur with an infant within the first 30 days after birth.Some practitioners are looser with the definition & extend the ...Read more