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Doctor insights on: Neonatal Pneumothorax

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Dr. Janice Alexander
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Neonatal (Definition)

The term neonatal is generally used to describe events that occur with an infant within the first 30 days after birth.Some practitioners are looser with the definition & extend the ...Read more


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What does it mean if my newborn has TTN and a pneumothorax?

What does it mean if my newborn has TTN and a pneumothorax?

TTN and PTX: TTN is transient tachypnea of the newborn. It typically will resolve with time and usually requires only supportive care. Some infants may be born with retained fluid in their lungs and natural mechanisms to balance fluids are in place. The pneumothorax or collapsed lung, may be due to delivery and pressure on the baby's chest. The treatment depends upon the extent of the pneumothorax. ...Read more

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How does a newborn infant get a pneumothorax and what's the difference between that an a tension pneumo?

How does a newborn infant get a pneumothorax  and what's the difference between that an a tension pneumo?

Colapsed Lung: A pneumothorax occurs when air gets in the the space between the chest wall and the lung. This space should not contain anything. So when air gets in, the lungs have to become smaller. A tension-pneumothorax is when the contents of the chest (heart, lung, collapsed lung) all shift to one side. Typically this is life threatening because blood cannot flow well. We don't always know why this is. ...Read more

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Is pneumothorax common?

Is pneumothorax common?

Yes: Pneumothorax can be spontaneous and occurs 7.4 and 1.2 per 100, 000 in men & women respectively. It also results after trauma, surgery, respirator therapy and needle biopsy of the lung. Some cases are treated conservatively, others require placement of a surgical chest tube for re-expansion of the lung. ...Read more

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Pneumothorax-- can it come on slowly ?

Pneumothorax-- can it come on slowly ?

Sort of...: It is estimated up to 10% of spontaneous pneumothoraces are asymptomatic and/or unrecognized. It is possible for someone to develop an asymptomatic pneumothorax that progresses and becomes symptomatic hours, even days later. ...Read more

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Is there a cure for pneumothorax?

Is there a cure for pneumothorax?

Yes: It may resolve on its own. It may require a catheter or tube to evacuate the air to relieve any shortness of breath. It may need surgery if it recurs to remove blebs (air cysts) at the top of the lung. ...Read more

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How can I treat tension pneumothorax?

Needle Decompression: Tension pneumothorax is one of the few medical emergencies where a life can be saved or lost in a matter of minutes if not recognized early. While diagnosis can be difficult, treatment is a simple, rapid needle decompression of the pleural space by inserting a large bore angiocatheter just above the 3rd rib. With the patient stabilized a larger chest tube is placed until the pneumothorax resolves. ...Read more

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How does pneumothorax happen for no reason?

How does pneumothorax happen for no reason?

Happens for a reason: Adolescents & young adults have "spontaneous" pneumothorax more frequently than other folks. The lung tissue usually has a minor congenital defect called a "bleb, " that bursts leading to a leak of air outside the lung - pneumothorax ensues. These folks are usually tall & lean. Of course, trauma can lead to pneumothorax, as can certain illnesses, particularly, marfan's syndrome. ...Read more

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How debilitating is a tension pneumothorax?

How debilitating is a tension pneumothorax?

Can be deadly: Tension pneumothorax occurs when pressure builds up in one side of the chest and collapses the lung. This is rapidly fatal and is treated as an emergency. Once it is released, a tube is left in the chest for a few days. After it is removed, people usually recover completely. ...Read more

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