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Doctor insights on: Neonatal Physiological Jaundice

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Meaning of neonatal jaundice?

Meaning of neonatal jaundice?

Jaundice : Physiologic neonatal jaundice is yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes due to elevation of a breakdown product of old blood cells called bilirubin that builds up in newborns due to immaturity of liver enzymes. Pathologic neonatal jaundice can also result from various disease states. Phototherapy with special lights, or more aggressive therapy, may be needed to lower bilirubin to safe levels. ...Read more

Dr. Robert Rahimi
390 doctors shared insights

Jaundice (Definition)

Jaundice is the accumulation in the body of bilirubin. Normally it is excreted by the liver, via the bile. For a lot of different reasons, sometimes the bilirubin can accumulate. The most common reasons are a problem with the liver or the bile duct. This can make the skin and/or the whites of the eyes turn yellow. If this occurs, see your ...Read more


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What causes most neonatal jaundice?

What causes most neonatal jaundice?

Jaundice: Most physiologic neonatal jaundice is caused by immaturity of the liver and inability to process all of the breakdown products of red blood cells leading to a build up of bilirubin. This may be exacerbated in breast fed infants. There are causes of neonatal jaundice that can represent disease states, but these are not the most n cause of neonatal jaindice. ...Read more

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What causes neonatal jaundice in breastfed baby?

What causes neonatal jaundice in breastfed baby?

Depends,often normal: Mild jaundice is common & results from the baby's GI system just maturing & being able to excrete bilirubin. This happens when the liver becomes more functional during the first week or so of life. As the baby feeds, bilirubin leaves the body in the stool (hence yellow stools) & urine. If breastmilk is not yet in, more jaundice may occur. In other babies, it can be due to more serious conditions. ...Read more

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How common is neonatal jaundice?

How common is neonatal jaundice?

Very: Most term normal newborns become jaundiced peaking around the 3rd to 5th day of life. Their livers being a bit immature have trouble breaking down bilirrubin, the substance that make you jaundiced. This type of jaundice resolves in the first 2 weeks. If you are nursing your baby, the yellow pigment may linger a bit. Babies that are premature or have medical problems, may have more serious jaundice. ...Read more

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What causes neonatal encephalopathy?

What causes  neonatal encephalopathy?

See below:: In ne, it is not always possible to document a significant hypoxic-ischemic insult. There are potentially several other etiologies, specifically, it is important to exclude metabolic disease, infection, drug exposure, nervous system malformation and neonatal stroke as possible causes of the encephalopathy. The nature of brain injury causing neurologic impairment in a newborn is poorly understood. ...Read more

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
3 doctors agreed:
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Meaning of neonatal jaundice? Heard brain damage.

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
3 doctors agreed:
Meaning of neonatal jaundice? Heard brain damage.

Rarely: Jaundice caused by high level of bilirubin in blood can lead to brain damage by compromising the integrity of neuronal cells. Infants with hemolytic disease, e.g., ABO incompatiblity, are at higher risk. Extreme preemies are also at high risk even with modestly elevated bilirubin level. ...Read more

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What is neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

What is neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

Premature lung: Prematures lack surfactant which is essential to keep alveoli expanded. This results in gradual collapse of more and more alveoli, (atelectasis) making it more difficult to oxygenate the blood. This becomes hyaline membrane disease or neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. ...Read more

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Does neonatal jaundice usually cause many symptoms?

Yellow skin: Most common cause of jaundice is physiologic , which usually causes yellowish discoloration of skin and eyes and usually mild. Newborn jaundice caused due to reasons like blood type mismatch between mother and baby, congenital abnormalities of liver or biliary tract, congenital or acquired infections in newborn or bleeding beneath scalp can also poor feeding , tiredness and lead to kernicterus. ...Read more

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Is neonatal sepsis related to hbo incompatibility?

Neonatal sepsis: No it is caused from infection and has nothing to do with ABO incompatibilty. ...Read more

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What is acute neonatal hydramnios?

About the fetus: When the fetus is developing their is too much fluid in the uterine sac for fetal development. ...Read more

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Can newborn jaundice cause longterm medical problems?

Can newborn jaundice cause longterm medical problems?

Possibly: Mild jaundice is very common in newborns, especially breast-fed babies. Jaundice is caused by bilirubin, a breakdown product of hemoglobin. If the bilirubin level gets too high, it can lead to kernicterus, a rare neurological condition that can lead to permanent brain damage. Most hospitals monitor the bilirubin level in newborns in the nursery. ...Read more

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What causes fetal distress?

What causes fetal distress?

Poor perfusion: Anything that prevents oxygenation of your fetus can cause "distress". Placental abnormalities, premature separation, or cord compression or blockage. Poor blood flow to the uterus can also cause it whether from hemorrhage, ischemia, or injury. Fetal malformations can also cause it. In short, prenatal care ensures that you are not at risk for these and screens for problems with ultrasound & nsts. ...Read more

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Why jaundice in congenital hypothyroidism?

Why jaundice in congenital hypothyroidism?

Hypothyroidism: prolonged jaundice is due to delayed maturation of the enzyme which helps in the glucorindation of bilirubin like all delayed processes this is also delayed ...Read more

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What are causes of jaundice in neonatals?

Jandice: Jaundice is common and occurs in about 60 percent of newborns, more so in premies. The most common cause is physiologic, meaning due to normal changes. Then infections, blood incompatible with mothers, rare blood disorders like enzyme deficiencies or liver disorders. Most important is to know the kind of jandice - direct or indirect is elevated. There are other reasons for rare indirect. ...Read more

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Whats hemolytic disease of newborn?

Different blood type: Hemolytic disease of newborn is caused by different blood types in mom and baby. Classically, mom is rh negative (a- or o-, etc). The baby is rh positive. Mom then make rh antibodies that cross over to the baby and cause breakdown of the red blood cells. This can make the baby very sick. ...Read more

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What causes fussiness in newborns?

Many reasons: There are many reasons for a fussy newborn. Colic starts about a month of age, esophageal reflux can cause this, sometimes they are just fussy. However, there can be some very concerning reasons such as an infection. It is best to see your doctor about this.. ...Read more

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How common is neonatal sepsis?

How common is neonatal sepsis?

2 per 1000: Fore every 1000 babies born alive, 2 get neonatal sepsis. Many more get treated for suspicion of sepsis. ...Read more

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What's a neonatal physiological jaundice? my doc. says my 3 days old girl has signs of Jaundice & kept under some kind of blue light & breastfeeding.

What's a neonatal physiological jaundice? my doc. says my  3 days old girl has signs of Jaundice & kept under some kind of blue light & breastfeeding.

Jaundice!: I am somewhat confused. Physiologic jaundice is expected and doesn't require treatment. Peaks between 3-5 dats old and is <12.9 level. As a normal physiologic mechanism the fetal hemoglobin changes to adult hemoglobin after the baby start breathing. That blood destruction and formation releases the precursors of bilirubin the yellow pigment. Several pathologic conditions may increase it further as ...Read more

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I gave birth to a beautiful baby girl.She is 41 days old now.She was born cesarian surgery.Her weight at birth was 2 and half kilos. She had jaundice which was physiological jaundice and now shes fine but still her sclera is yellowish in colour.Is that so

I gave birth to a beautiful baby girl.She is 41 days old now.She was born cesarian surgery.Her weight at birth was 2 and half kilos. She had jaundice which was physiological jaundice and now shes fine but still her sclera is yellowish in colour.Is that so

No worries: Bring that up with your pediatrician. What is yellowish to you may not be actual yellow. To your doctor...May be a reflection of genetics or melanin content. Your pediatrician can reassure you by seeing it. Many newborns have yellowish color until about a month old..She is a bit older so it would be helpful to have her seen. It most likely just a bit prolonged in clearing. ...Read more

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Meaning of neonatal jaundice?

Jaundice : Physiologic neonatal jaundice is yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes due to elevation of a breakdown product of old blood cells called bilirubin that builds up in newborns due to immaturity of liver enzymes. Pathologic neonatal jaundice can also result from various disease states. Phototherapy with special lights, or more aggressive therapy, may be needed to lower bilirubin to safe levels. ...Read more

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What causes most neonatal jaundice?

Jaundice: Most physiologic neonatal jaundice is caused by immaturity of the liver and inability to process all of the breakdown products of red blood cells leading to a build up of bilirubin. This may be exacerbated in breast fed infants. There are causes of neonatal jaundice that can represent disease states, but these are not the most n cause of neonatal jaindice. ...Read more

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What are the tests for neonatal jaundice?

What are the tests for neonatal jaundice?

Bilirubin: Jaundice is caused by an excess of bilirubin in the blood. Blood can be tested to see how high the bilirubin is. Blood type is important as is the hemoglobin and hematocrit. ...Read more

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Is there a cure for neonatal jaundice?

Is there a cure for neonatal jaundice?

It depends: There are several dozen common causes of neonatal jaundice some of which are curable some of which are self limited others of which are fatal. ...Read more

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In neonatal jaundice what's the treatment?

Neonatal jaundice: Phototherapy is the primary treatment in neonates with unconjugated hyperbilirubinemia. This therapeutic principle was discovered rather serendipitously in england in the 1950s and is now arguably the most widespread therapy of any kind (excluding prophylactic treatments) used in newborns. ...Read more

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What are causes of jaundice in neonatals?

Jandice: Jaundice is common and occurs in about 60 percent of newborns, more so in premies. The most common cause is physiologic, meaning due to normal changes. Then infections, blood incompatible with mothers, rare blood disorders like enzyme deficiencies or liver disorders. Most important is to know the kind of jandice - direct or indirect is elevated. There are other reasons for rare indirect. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
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How common is neonatal jaundice?

Very: Most term normal newborns become jaundiced peaking around the 3rd to 5th day of life. Their livers being a bit immature have trouble breaking down bilirrubin, the substance that make you jaundiced. This type of jaundice resolves in the first 2 weeks. If you are nursing your baby, the yellow pigment may linger a bit. Babies that are premature or have medical problems, may have more serious jaundice. ...Read more

See 1 more doctor answer
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How do you prevent neonatal jaundice from happening?

How do you prevent neonatal jaundice from happening?

Jaundice: Neonatal jaundice is a normal occurrence in newborns. It is harmless and resolves spontaneously within a week. Although prevention is not necessary, making sure the baby feeds well and is hydrated will help eliminate the meconium within the first few days of life will help make the jaundice less intense. ...Read more

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When should we do phototherapy in neonatal jaundice.

When should we do phototherapy in neonatal jaundice.

Doctor's call: Jaundice phototherapy management is a doctor's decision which follows by the AAP guidelines and VK Bhutani's curve. It depends on the infant's assessment: his clinical status, underlying conditions (e.g. sepsis), inherited diseases (e.g. G6PD), gestational age (lower treatment threshold for the more premature), hours or days of infant's life, bilirubin fractions, albumin level, blood type, DAT. ...Read more

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Which treatment works the best and fastest for neonatal jaundice?

Phototherapy: If treatment is needed the best treatment is phototherapy, which is light therapy using special lamps or lighted blankets and exposing skin to them. Also one has to ensure proper nutrition and hydration. The fastest treatment is blood exchange transfusion but this is used only in very rare situations when jaundice is very severe and putting at risk baby's brain. ...Read more

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Does neonatal jaundice usually cause many symptoms?

Yellow skin: Most common cause of jaundice is physiologic , which usually causes yellowish discoloration of skin and eyes and usually mild. Newborn jaundice caused due to reasons like blood type mismatch between mother and baby, congenital abnormalities of liver or biliary tract, congenital or acquired infections in newborn or bleeding beneath scalp can also poor feeding , tiredness and lead to kernicterus. ...Read more

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What can I do to prevent neonatal jaundice?

You don't: This is a transient issue with as many as a 3rd of newborns. It is usually mild and self corrects. Have the OB monitor your pregnancy and deal with issues like rh disease that would be a problem, and take the Rhogam injection if needed.Other influences can be managed at the time between you and your pediatrician.Needs vary with each individual case. ...Read more

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What causes neonatal jaundice in breastfed baby?

Depends,often normal: Mild jaundice is common & results from the baby's GI system just maturing & being able to excrete bilirubin. This happens when the liver becomes more functional during the first week or so of life. As the baby feeds, bilirubin leaves the body in the stool (hence yellow stools) & urine. If breastmilk is not yet in, more jaundice may occur. In other babies, it can be due to more serious conditions. ...Read more

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Are there alternative therapies for neonatal jaundice?

Are there alternative therapies for neonatal jaundice?

NO: Neonatal jaundice can be dangerous if not treated early and correctly. The bilirubin molecule can cross the blood brain barrier and can damage the brain of the newborn permanently. Any alternative treatment, other than phototherapy and hydration can risk an infant for life. ...Read more

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Is there an over-the-counter treatment for neonatal jaundice?

Need for Rx varies: Nn jaundice is a routein event in newborns as babies system starts catching up to work mom's body did before birth.Intensity varies [email protected] low levels can be ignored.As levels go up, depending on babies other issues it can become toxic to the developing brain.If the white of babies eyes is yellow, blood tests are needed.Effective rx includes phototherapy, IV fluids, & rarely an exchange transfussion. ...Read more

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Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
3 doctors agreed:
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Meaning of neonatal jaundice? Heard brain damage.

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
3 doctors agreed:

Rarely: Jaundice caused by high level of bilirubin in blood can lead to brain damage by compromising the integrity of neuronal cells. Infants with hemolytic disease, e.g., ABO incompatiblity, are at higher risk. Extreme preemies are also at high risk even with modestly elevated bilirubin level. ...Read more

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My daughter had severe neonatal jaundice. She is now 17 and has lots of cavities. Is there a direct link between the two?

My daughter had severe neonatal jaundice. She is now 17 and has lots of cavities. Is there a direct link between the two?

Don't think so: Cavities are probably due to a combination of sugars/acids in the diet, lack of fluoride while teeth were developing, compromised oral hygiene, and irregular professional care. Have the cavities (infections) treated immediately. Discuss diet, oral hygiene, and fluoride rinses with the Dentist to prevent recurrence. ...Read more

Jaundice (Definition)

Jaundice is the accumulation in the body of bilirubin. Normally it is excreted by the liver, via the bile. For a lot of different reasons, sometimes the bilirubin can accumulate. The most common reasons are a problem with the liver or the bile duct. This can make the skin and/or the whites of the eyes turn yellow. If this occurs, see your ...Read more


Dr. Pamela Pappas
1 doctor shared a insight

Neonatal (Definition)

The term neonatal is generally used to describe events that occur with an infant within the first 30 days after birth.Some practitioners are looser with the definition & extend the ...Read more