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Doctor insights on: Neonatal Jaundice Emedicine

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What causes most neonatal jaundice?

What causes most neonatal jaundice?

Jaundice: Most physiologic neonatal jaundice is caused by immaturity of the liver and inability to process all of the breakdown products of red blood cells leading to a build up of bilirubin. This may be exacerbated in breast fed infants. There are causes of neonatal jaundice that can represent disease states, but these are not the most n cause of neonatal jaindice. ...Read more

Dr. Robert Rahimi
390 doctors shared insights

Jaundice (Definition)

Jaundice is the accumulation in the body of bilirubin. Normally it is excreted by the liver, via the bile. For a lot of different reasons, sometimes the bilirubin can accumulate. The most common reasons are a problem with the liver or the bile duct. This can make the skin and/or the whites of the eyes turn yellow. If this occurs, see your ...Read more


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How common is neonatal jaundice?

How common is neonatal jaundice?

Very: Most term normal newborns become jaundiced peaking around the 3rd to 5th day of life. Their livers being a bit immature have trouble breaking down bilirrubin, the substance that make you jaundiced. This type of jaundice resolves in the first 2 weeks. If you are nursing your baby, the yellow pigment may linger a bit. Babies that are premature or have medical problems, may have more serious jaundice. ...Read more

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What is neonatal jaundice?

What is neonatal jaundice?

Yellow skin: A yellow color to skin and eyes is called "jaundice." almost all newborns have a little bit of jaundice, but if the levels get too high there can be serious problems caused by this. The measurement of the level of jaundice is called bilirubin, a blood test. ...Read more

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What causes neonatal jaundice in breastfed baby?

What causes neonatal jaundice in breastfed baby?

Depends,often normal: Mild jaundice is common & results from the baby's GI system just maturing & being able to excrete bilirubin. This happens when the liver becomes more functional during the first week or so of life. As the baby feeds, bilirubin leaves the body in the stool (hence yellow stools) & urine. If breastmilk is not yet in, more jaundice may occur. In other babies, it can be due to more serious conditions. ...Read more

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Meaning of neonatal jaundice?

Meaning of neonatal jaundice?

Jaundice : Physiologic neonatal jaundice is yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes due to elevation of a breakdown product of old blood cells called bilirubin that builds up in newborns due to immaturity of liver enzymes. Pathologic neonatal jaundice can also result from various disease states. Phototherapy with special lights, or more aggressive therapy, may be needed to lower bilirubin to safe levels. ...Read more

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What causes neonatal encephalopathy?

What causes  neonatal encephalopathy?

See below:: In ne, it is not always possible to document a significant hypoxic-ischemic insult. There are potentially several other etiologies, specifically, it is important to exclude metabolic disease, infection, drug exposure, nervous system malformation and neonatal stroke as possible causes of the encephalopathy. The nature of brain injury causing neurologic impairment in a newborn is poorly understood. ...Read more

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Neonatal alloimune thrombocytopenia treatment?

Neonatal alloimune thrombocytopenia treatment?

Platelet transfusion: If the fetus has an antigen on platelets that the mother lacks, she may make antibodies that destroy the fetal platelets. Infusing platelets that lack the antigen is the treatment. Platelets can be infused into the fetus in utero, if needed, . ...Read more

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
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How does phototherapy cure jaundice for newborn babies?

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
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How does phototherapy cure jaundice for newborn babies?

Excrete via urine: Jaundice is a result of accumulation of bilirubin, end product of destroyed red cells. The bilirubins deposited under skin undergoes change in physical character when exposed to special light, i.e. To become water soluble. This change allows excess bilirubins deposited under skin to be excreted through urine. ...Read more

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What is acute neonatal hydramnios?

About the fetus: When the fetus is developing their is too much fluid in the uterine sac for fetal development. ...Read more

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How common is neonatal sepsis?

How common is neonatal sepsis?

2 per 1000: Fore every 1000 babies born alive, 2 get neonatal sepsis. Many more get treated for suspicion of sepsis. ...Read more

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Whats hemolytic disease of newborn?

Different blood type: Hemolytic disease of newborn is caused by different blood types in mom and baby. Classically, mom is rh negative (a- or o-, etc). The baby is rh positive. Mom then make rh antibodies that cross over to the baby and cause breakdown of the red blood cells. This can make the baby very sick. ...Read more

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Is neonatal sepsis related to hbo incompatibility?

Neonatal sepsis: No it is caused from infection and has nothing to do with ABO incompatibilty. ...Read more

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
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Meaning of neonatal jaundice? Heard brain damage.

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
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Meaning of neonatal jaundice? Heard brain damage.

Rarely: Jaundice caused by high level of bilirubin in blood can lead to brain damage by compromising the integrity of neuronal cells. Infants with hemolytic disease, e.g., ABO incompatiblity, are at higher risk. Extreme preemies are also at high risk even with modestly elevated bilirubin level. ...Read more

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What are the tests for neonatal jaundice?

What are the tests for neonatal jaundice?

Bilirubin: Jaundice is caused by an excess of bilirubin in the blood. Blood can be tested to see how high the bilirubin is. Blood type is important as is the hemoglobin and hematocrit. ...Read more

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How severe is neonatal lupus?

Transient-permanent: Some of the transient problems can reverse but are still serious. The rash can resolve, low platelets can improve but the heartblock can be permanent. ...Read more

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What is neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

What is neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

Premature lung: Prematures lack surfactant which is essential to keep alveoli expanded. This results in gradual collapse of more and more alveoli, (atelectasis) making it more difficult to oxygenate the blood. This becomes hyaline membrane disease or neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. ...Read more

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Jaundice turned hepatities.What's the cure?

Jaundice turned hepatities.What's the cure?

Depends: It depends on the root cause of the hepatitis; is it infectious? Autoimmune? Malignant? There are many questions that need to be answered before the decision on treatment can be made. ...Read more

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Is biliary atresia detected before birth?

Is biliary atresia detected before birth?

No: Biliary atresia is unsuspected until there is a persistent rise in bilirubin of the direct type. Initial imaging study should be a preprandial gall bladder ultrasound to see if gall bladder is present. ...Read more

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How concerning is bilirubin in infants?

How concerning is bilirubin in infants?

Bilirubin: Mild jaundice in newborns is harmless. However, if the level gets too high, it can cause brain damage. That's why you want to make sure to have it ministered by your doctor. ...Read more

Jaundice (Definition)

Jaundice is the accumulation in the body of bilirubin. Normally it is excreted by the liver, via the bile. For a lot of different reasons, sometimes the bilirubin can accumulate. The most common reasons are a problem with the liver or the bile duct. This can make the skin and/or the whites of the eyes turn yellow. If this occurs, see your ...Read more


Dr. Gary Sandler
31 doctors shared insights

Neonatal (Definition)

The term neonatal is generally used to describe events that occur with an infant within the first 30 days after birth.Some practitioners are looser with the definition & extend the ...Read more