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Doctor insights on: Neonatal Emedicine

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Neonatal alloimune thrombocytopenia treatment?

Neonatal alloimune thrombocytopenia treatment?

Platelet transfusion: If the fetus has an antigen on platelets that the mother lacks, she may make antibodies that destroy the fetal platelets. Infusing platelets that lack the antigen is the treatment. Platelets can be infused into the fetus in utero, if needed, . ...Read more

Dr. M. Hytham Beck
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Neonatal (Definition)

The term neonatal is generally used to describe events that occur with an infant within the first 30 days after birth.Some practitioners are looser with the definition & extend the ...Read more


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What causes neonatal encephalopathy?

What causes  neonatal encephalopathy?

See below:: In ne, it is not always possible to document a significant hypoxic-ischemic insult. There are potentially several other etiologies, specifically, it is important to exclude metabolic disease, infection, drug exposure, nervous system malformation and neonatal stroke as possible causes of the encephalopathy. The nature of brain injury causing neurologic impairment in a newborn is poorly understood. ...Read more

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How common is neonatal jaundice?

How common is neonatal jaundice?

Very: Most term normal newborns become jaundiced peaking around the 3rd to 5th day of life. Their livers being a bit immature have trouble breaking down bilirrubin, the substance that make you jaundiced. This type of jaundice resolves in the first 2 weeks. If you are nursing your baby, the yellow pigment may linger a bit. Babies that are premature or have medical problems, may have more serious jaundice. ...Read more

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What is acute neonatal hydramnios?

What is acute neonatal hydramnios?

About the fetus: When the fetus is developing their is too much fluid in the uterine sac for fetal development. ...Read more

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What causes most neonatal jaundice?

What causes most neonatal jaundice?

Jaundice: Most physiologic neonatal jaundice is caused by immaturity of the liver and inability to process all of the breakdown products of red blood cells leading to a build up of bilirubin. This may be exacerbated in breast fed infants. There are causes of neonatal jaundice that can represent disease states, but these are not the most n cause of neonatal jaindice. ...Read more

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What causes neonatal jaundice in breastfed baby?

What causes neonatal jaundice in breastfed baby?

Depends,often normal: Mild jaundice is common & results from the baby's GI system just maturing & being able to excrete bilirubin. This happens when the liver becomes more functional during the first week or so of life. As the baby feeds, bilirubin leaves the body in the stool (hence yellow stools) & urine. If breastmilk is not yet in, more jaundice may occur. In other babies, it can be due to more serious conditions. ...Read more

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How does nursing differ in neonatal, newborn, and postnatal care?

How does nursing differ in neonatal, newborn, and postnatal care?

Breastfeeding : Nursing immediately after birth, baby receives colostrum rich in protein & antibodies. At this stage, baby is just learning to suck the correct way. After 3 days, transitional milk flows - rich in fat & lactose.After 7 days, mature milk comes in - largely water but also includes carbohydrates, proteins and fat. Baby sucks better, regains birth weight and continues further weight gain. ...Read more

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How common is neonatal sepsis?

How common is neonatal sepsis?

2 per 1000: Fore every 1000 babies born alive, 2 get neonatal sepsis. Many more get treated for suspicion of sepsis. ...Read more

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Treatment for neonatal acne?

Treatment for neonatal acne?

Patience: Babies sit in the equivalent of moisturizers and cold cream prior to delivery, cancelling the effect of pregnancy/maternal hormones and air drying on the skin. Within a few weeks, neonatal acne will emerge on most infants and continue to some extent for weeks until it disappears by 4-6 months of age. No treatment beyond keeping the skin clean is justified by this transient process. ...Read more

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How severe is neonatal lupus?

Transient-permanent: Some of the transient problems can reverse but are still serious. The rash can resolve, low platelets can improve but the heartblock can be permanent. ...Read more

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How common is neonatal tetanus?

How common is neonatal tetanus?

Depends on location: Neonatal tetanus is more common in situations where mom was never immunized or incompletely immunized leaving the baby without maternal protection at birth. Add that to the localized practices & problems result. Cutting the cord with a contaminated blade, or the application of dung ( practiced in some cultures) to speed cord stump separation & theres a good chance baby will get neonatal tetanus. ...Read more

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Is neonatal sepsis related to hbo incompatibility?

Neonatal sepsis: No it is caused from infection and has nothing to do with ABO incompatibilty. ...Read more

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What is neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

What is neonatal respiratory distress syndrome?

Premature lung: Prematures lack surfactant which is essential to keep alveoli expanded. This results in gradual collapse of more and more alveoli, (atelectasis) making it more difficult to oxygenate the blood. This becomes hyaline membrane disease or neonatal respiratory distress syndrome. ...Read more

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Pediatric surgeon (neonatal and or fetal intervention) vs. ob/gyn (perinatology), what's the difference?

Pediatric surgeon (neonatal and or fetal intervention) vs. ob/gyn (perinatology), what's the difference?

Perinatal medicine : Fetal intervention/fetal surgery is performed by an entire team. The team is made up of a pediatric surgeon, Perinatologist, and a neonatolist. The pediatric surgeon is the one who performs the surgery, the Perinatologist manages the patient with the complications that can result from the surgery, such as preterm labor. The neonatologist takes care of the complications that the baby may have. ...Read more

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What exactly is a neonatal intensive care unit?

What exactly is a neonatal intensive care unit?

Very specialized: It is a very specialized unit for taking care of newborns with problems like prematurity, respiratory issues, infections, and sometimes heart prpblems. It requires a large enough population base, a neonatologist (special highly trained pediatrician), and a sufficient level of support services and specially trained nurses and other personnel. ...Read more

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What is neonatal jaundice?

What is neonatal jaundice?

Yellow skin: A yellow color to skin and eyes is called "jaundice." almost all newborns have a little bit of jaundice, but if the levels get too high there can be serious problems caused by this. The measurement of the level of jaundice is called bilirubin, a blood test. ...Read more

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Hi, fetal ascites dx at 14w, fetal anomaly scan at 15w NAD, TORCH /Amnio NAD, what is the likelihood of a happy/healthy baby please?

Hi, fetal ascites dx at 14w, fetal anomaly scan at 15w NAD, TORCH /Amnio NAD, what is the likelihood of a happy/healthy baby please?

Unclear: There is not enough information for us to offer an opinion. Schedule a follow up visit with your Obgyn to go over the sonogram results. If you are unclear on the results and plan then ask for a referral to a perinatologist for a second opinion ...Read more

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Meaning of neonatal jaundice?

Jaundice : Physiologic neonatal jaundice is yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes due to elevation of a breakdown product of old blood cells called bilirubin that builds up in newborns due to immaturity of liver enzymes. Pathologic neonatal jaundice can also result from various disease states. Phototherapy with special lights, or more aggressive therapy, may be needed to lower bilirubin to safe levels. ...Read more