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Doctor insights on: National Adrenal Diseases Foundation

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Please tell me what is adrenal disease and what causes these?

Please tell me what is adrenal disease and what causes these?

BIG question!: Too much cortisol or too much aldosterone, too little aldosterone and/or cortisol, too much catecholamine, androgens, and/or cancers. Holy cow! Big question! Cushing's, primary hyperaldosteronism, secondary hyperaldosteronism, Addison's, secondary adrenal insufficiency, congenital adrenal hyperplasia (classical & non-classical), pheochromocytoma, various malignancies, hemorrhage/infarct. Big topic ...Read more

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What is the common treatment for adrenal disease?

What is the common treatment for adrenal disease?

Depends on which one: There are different adrenal diseases which include blocks in enzymatic pathways going from one hormone to another in the adrenal cortex; destruction of the cortex; tumors of the cortex, tumors of the adrenal medulla, etc. Depending on which disorder you are referring to, treatment is different. ...Read more

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Are the adrenal glands weak or destroyed having addison's disease?

Are the adrenal glands weak or destroyed having addison's disease?

Addison's disease: Chronic adrenal insufficiency, hypocortisolism, and hypoadrenalism) is a rare endocrine disease. The adrenal glands do not produce sufficient steroid hormones (glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids). It may produce relatively nonspecific symptoms, such as abdominal pain and weakness, and generally diagnosed by lab tests and imaging studies. ...Read more

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What type of dr. Is best for treating adrenal and adrenalin disorders?

What type of dr. Is best for treating adrenal and adrenalin disorders?

Endocrine specialist: Who may be surgical oncologists/endocrine surgeons or endocrinologists- internists who specialize in disorders of adrenal and other glands. Generally, these disorders may be "functional" ( i.e. Over or under active glands) or present as a mass. If surgery is required, the experienced surgeon should be able to utilize minimally invasive techniques when appropriate. ...Read more

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What is primary adrenal insufficiency (addisons disease)?

What is primary adrenal insufficiency (addisons disease)?

Adrenal cortex: The adrenal cortex makes lots of hormones. Very important are cortisol and aldosterone which help maintain life and salt balance. Addison's disease is caused by adrenal cortex damage rendering it unable to make these hormones anymore, mostly autoimmune cause in us. Patients often have a bronzed look. Hydrocortisone replacement is a lifesaving necessity. Fludrocortisone may also become necessary. ...Read more

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What sort of disease is congenital adrenal hyperplasia?

What sort of disease is congenital adrenal hyperplasia?

Missing enzyme: There are different types. They all involve a deficiency of an enzyme needed in cortisol production. Since the pituitary senses there isn't enough cortisol, it keeps trying to make the adrenals make cortisol. But because that enzyme is missing, the building blocks of cortisol build up. These substances get turned into androgens - male hormones - and cause abnormalities in sexual development. ...Read more

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What are signs and symptoms of cushings disease of the adrenal glands?

What are signs and symptoms of cushings disease of the adrenal glands?

Wt gain, striae, : Wt gain, striae, proximal muscle weakness, moon facies, buffalo hump, central obesity, facial plethora, acne, hypertension, swelling etc. ...Read more

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What are some diseases caused by adrenal glands?

A lot: There are a lot of diseases and syndromes. You have to differentiate between primary and secondary causes of adrenal diseases. ...Read more

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How does continuous anxiety affect a person with primary addison's disease and zero adrenal function?

How does continuous anxiety affect a person with primary addison's disease and zero adrenal function?

Worry: Anyone with generalized anxiety is likely to have a heightened sense of apprehension and worry (even to the point of paranoia), which is likely to become more apparent when faced with a medical problem. Simply getting a new medical diagnosis will probably worsen the anxiety. There is no direct connection between addison's disease and anxiety. ...Read more