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Doctor insights on: Myelomeningocele Spina Bifida

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What defines a spina bifida as spina bifida occulta?

What defines a spina bifida as spina bifida occulta?

Skin covering: Spina bifida occulta, like open spina bifida, is a congenital malformation involving a problem with closing of the neural tube during development. However, there is not exposed neural tissue in spina bifida occulta. There can be tracts connecting the skin to the spinal cord, or lipomas or bands (tight filum) which can cause neurologic deficit. There can also be bony issues. ...Read more

Dr. Edward Smith
224 doctors shared insights

Spina Bifida (Definition)

A rare birth defect in which a developing baby's spinal cord ...Read more


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Is spina bifida hereditary?

Is spina bifida hereditary?

Studies show that : the incidence of neural tube defects (NTD's) like open Spina Bifida would decrease by 70% if all women took 0.4mg of Folic Acid daily from menarche to menopause. However, this dose does not prevent NTD's in offspring of women with variations in several genes involved in folate (folic acid) & homocysteine metabolism. There are also inheritable genetic causes of NTD's that are not related to folate (folic acid) metabolism. ...Read more

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What causes meningocele / spina bifida?

What causes meningocele / spina bifida?

Genetics usually: Altho there is high correlation with genetics causing meningocele / spina bifida, drugs (especially chemotherapeutics) and low blood folate (folic acid) during gestation or abdominal / pelvic irradiation during pregnancy are known causes. ...Read more

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Who discovered spina bifida?

Although depictions : of people with Spina Bifida go back 12,000 years, Amsterdam's Dr. Nicholas Tulp named the disorder between 1618-1652. Dr. Giovanni Battista Morgagni an Italian, linked lower-limb deformity & hydrocephalus to Spina Bifida in 1761. Studies show that the incidence of NTD's could decrease by as much as 70% if all women were to take a daily Folic Acid supplement from menarche to menopause. ...Read more

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What is spina bifida?

Spinal cord disorder: The spinal cord forms as an open tube that starts to close from the middle out to the two ends. The entire closure is done by about ten weeks. If the closure is not normal than a condition known as spina bifida occurs. Open spina bifida is when there is an opening in the spinal column to the skin. Closed spina bifida is when there is an opening in the spinal column but it has a thin cover. ...Read more

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What is spina bifida?

What is spina bifida?

Spina Bifida: Spina bifida is a birth defect where the spine does not close around the spinal cord during development. This may be as small as a small gap between the 2 sides, with no buldging out of membranes or nerves, & no associated handicaps, to a large defect with part of the cord exposed outside the body, leading to paralysis and other neurological problems. Folic acid decreases the risk. ...Read more

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Later side afects of low spina bifida occulta? Incontinence?

Later side afects of low spina bifida occulta? Incontinence?

Possible: Spina bifida and occulta an be associated with urinary dysfunction. Incontinence and/or urinary retention can occur. Recommend further evaluation with urologist, urogynecologist or neuro-urologist. Additional testing can clarify causes such as urodynamic testing. ...Read more

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Difference between fetal spina bifida and anencephaly?

Difference between fetal spina bifida and anencephaly?

Very different: Anencephaly is the abscence of a closed cranial cavity (head) and implies incomplete brain development/function. Essentially, anencephaly is being born without functioning brain. Spinal bifida is an incomplete closure of the neural tube. There is no implication of brain development or brain function. While there may be paralysis in spina bifida, the brain can function normally in many cases. ...Read more

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Is posterior cleft deformity of the sacrum also called spina bifida occulta?

Spina bifida: Spina bifida refers to a deformity or defect within the lumbosacral spine and yes a posterior cleft deformity would be a form of spina bifida. ...Read more

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What's the difference between spinal bifida and spinal bifida occulta?

What's the difference between spinal bifida and spinal bifida occulta?

Type of spina bifida: The mildest form of spina bifida is spina bifida occulta and is a small separation or gap in one or more of the vertebral bones of the spine. Most people with spina bifida occulta have no signs or symptoms because their spinal nerves are undamaged. Signs sometimes occur in the skin on top of the spinal defect, such as a clump of hair, a dimple, a birthmark, or a lump of fat. ...Read more

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Can there be meningocele in fetus without spina bifida?

Depends: This depends on how you define it. Meningoceles as they are commonly labeled originate anywhere from the neck down to the base of the spine and involve spina bifida. When a meningocele (bag of meninges) arises from the areas above the spine, it is more often labeled an encephalocoel because it usually has brain and meninges in it. ...Read more

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What causes spina bifida? Is spina bifida caused by a spinal cord injury, or a chromosomal disorder?

What causes spina bifida? Is spina bifida caused by a spinal cord injury, or a chromosomal disorder?

Spina : Spina bifida is not an injury. It is a birth defect caused by failure of the nervous system to fully develop. When the embryo is forming, the nervous system starts out as a "neural tube" that is supposed to grow in a very specific way. If it does not, you are left with "neural tube defects" like spina bifida. There is nothing we know of that causes it for sure, but certain things make it more likely. It is more common with children that have trisomy 13, 18, or 21, but that is just an association, not a cause. They are very common, and the only thing we know of that might help prevent them is for the mother to take folate (folic acid). The hard part about that is the mother has to take folate (folic acid) very early in the pregnancy, often before she even knows she is pregnant. That is why the all women of child-bearing age are advised to take at least 0.4 mg of Folic Acid every day. ...Read more

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Later side afects of occult spina bifida?

Later side afects of occult spina bifida?

No: Spina bifida occulta results from failure of the two lamina of one vertebra to make a solid bony fusion. The defect is generally bisecting the spinous process vertically. No instability is present. No neurologic dysfunction is present because neural elements are not affected. But associated neurological problems which may be symptomatic are more common in association with spina bifida occulta. ...Read more

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Nursing care plan for spina bifida occulta?

None needed: Spina bifida occulta is usually found as an incidental finding when evaluating the cause of back pain. unless there is an indication of bladder or bowel dysfunction related to a tethered spinal cord there is no need for a nursing care plan. ...Read more

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Can a spinal tap cause spina bifida?

Can a spinal tap cause spina bifida?

Unlikely: When was the spinal tap done? In utero? Later in life? It is unlikely. Spina bifida is usually the result of a cellular migration disorder and not from a spinal tap. ...Read more

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What is spinal bifida?

Spina bifida: Spina bifida is a general anatomical term used to describe maldevelopments in the lumbo-sacral region and more rarely in the neck and back. It is a situation were the bones of the spine, in particular the lamina that do not fully form and there can be many variations of spina bifida. ...Read more

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Is meningocele and spina bifida the same thing?

Is meningocele and spina bifida the same thing?

Related terms: Spina bifida is a fancy way to say that a spine segment or segments did not close along their backside. Meningocoel is a term for the spinal cord & elements that would balloon out the back if the spine did not close and contain them. People often use the term to describe a similar process. The most common location is at the base of the spine, but both could happen in the neck also. ...Read more

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Chances of a woman with spina bifida having a baby with spina bifida?

Depends on genetics: The epidemiology of this is different depending on your race and culture and where you live. So it is mostly genetic and also dependent on if you have Folic Acid deficiency in your diet. ...Read more

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Is spina bifida caused by a spinal cord injury or chromosomal disorder?

Is spina bifida caused by a spinal cord injury or chromosomal disorder?

No one knows : There seems to be an interplay of genetic and environmental factors that cause this disease. Women who have had one child with spina bifida, or who are obese or diabetic have an increased chance of having a child with the problem. It is known that taking Folic Acid during the fertile years decreases the chance of having this problem. ...Read more

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Nursing daignosis of spina bifida in neonate as pryority?

Nursing daignosis of spina bifida in neonate as pryority?

Do your homework: The site is not designed to be a shortcut to answer your homework. You need to read through your nursing texts, assimilate the information and come up with a list reflecting the jargon of your texts.Anything off the site will not fit your instructors requirements & they will know you took a shortcut. ...Read more

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