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Doctor insights on: Myelomeningocele Closure

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Is posterior cleft deformity of the sacrum also called spina bifida occulta?

Is posterior cleft deformity of the sacrum also called spina bifida occulta?

Spina bifida: Spina bifida refers to a deformity or defect within the lumbosacral spine and yes a posterior cleft deformity would be a form of spina bifida. ...Read more

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Do foramen ovale and ductus arteriosis close after birth?

Do foramen ovale and ductus arteriosis close after birth?

Yes: They typically close immediately after birth. If not, your doctor may have to give the child medicine to close it, or surgery, depending on the problem and whether it works or now. ...Read more

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What is fontan operation in congenital heart defects?

What is fontan operation in congenital heart defects?

Fontan Procedure: The fontan is a surgery that connects the inferior venacava (ivc) to the pulmonary arteries. The fontan is the final surgery for patients who have a single ventricle or single ventricle physiology. This means that the blue blood, desaturated blood retruning to the heart is directed to the lungs without being pumped through the heart. ...Read more

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How can incomplete closure of the ductus arteriosus or foramen ovale affect my blood oxygen levels?

How can incomplete closure of the ductus arteriosus or foramen ovale affect my blood oxygen levels?

Variable: This depends largely on the size of the ductus arteriosus (pda) and the chronicity of the condition. At birth, if there is delayed closure of the pda, there should be no affect on oxygen levels. If the PDA is large, and long-standing, pulmonary vascular disease can develop (eisenmenger syndrome) resulting in decreased pulmonary blood flow and lower blood oxygen levels. This rarely occurs. ...Read more

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What is different between PFO and ostium secundum atrial septal defect?

What is different between PFO and ostium secundum atrial septal defect?

Size & Location: A pfo is the persistence of a normal fetal communication between the top two chambers of the heart. A secundum ASD is an abnormal hole in the atrial septum. They vary in size though, so treatments vary. ...Read more

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What is bilateral closed lip parietal schizencephaly?

What is bilateral closed lip parietal schizencephaly?

Brain malformation: Schizencephaly is a problem with how the brain developed- parietal describes what part of the brain- that along the sides and bilateral means on both sides- the malformation causes problems like developmental delays- cause is unknown I provided a helpful link below http://www.healthline.com/health/schizencephaly#RiskFactors3 And picture - look for the arrows that point to an example ...Read more

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Do the foramen ovale and ductus arteriosis completely close?

Do the foramen ovale and ductus arteriosis completely close?

Usually: Both the foramen ovale and the ductus arteriosus normally close shortly after birth. If the ductus arteriosus does not close, doctors can use medications or other techniques to close it. The foramen ovale is not always closed as long as the patient is not experiencing any problems. ...Read more

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Ventricular septal defect repair is done by whom?

Ventricular septal defect repair is done by whom?

VSD repair: Generally a vsd will be repaired by pediatric cardiothoracic surgeon. ...Read more

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Will PDA (patent ductus arteriosus) help with TOF (tetralogy of fallot)?

Will PDA (patent ductus arteriosus) help with TOF (tetralogy of fallot)?

Sometimes: In Tetralogy of Falot, blood flow to the lungs may be restricted. As there are various degrees of restriction, there may be a need for more blood flow to the lungs. This situation may be helped by maintaining an open PDA. However if the pulmonary valve restriction is not severe, then an open PDA is not necessary. The cardiologist can draw this out for you. ...Read more

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Is arnold chiari malformation type one a neural tube defect?

Is arnold chiari malformation type one a neural tube defect?

No: The more accepted term is chiari malformation as arnold-chiari is an older term. This type of malformation is not a neural tube defect, but rather an abnormal migration of the cerebellar tonsils below the level of the foramen magnum (chiari type 1). This defect is attributed to a congenitally small posterior fossa, thus allowing the cerebellar tonsils to migrate downward. ...Read more

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Is acute angle closure glaucoma painful?

Is acute angle closure glaucoma painful?

Very painful: Acute angle closure glaucoma is a painful and potentially blinding disease, that is responsible for about 10% of all glaucomas. It is caused by the iris (color of the eye) blocking the drain on the inside of the eyeball. This leads to sudden and severe pressure elevation, with ensuing pain and cloudy vision. If not treated promptly, it will result in permanent blindness. ...Read more

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What does small patent foramen ovale with noted bidirectional shunt mean?

What does small patent foramen ovale with noted bidirectional shunt mean?

PFO: The patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a small communication between the right and left upper chambers of your heart. It is needed for oxygenation when you're fetus. Sometimes it doesn't close. It is thought to be present in ~20 to 30% of the population. The shunt means they can see the passage of blood through it. This small hole is inconsequential and USUALLY requires no further testing or treatment. ...Read more

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Can arimdex delay growth plate closure?

Can arimdex delay growth plate closure?

No, not likely: Arimidex (anastrozole) is not likely to cause any such problem. But why would you take this hormone antagonist in the first place? ...Read more

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Is there a ?Difference between a?Patent foramen ovale and?A patent ductus arteriosus?

Yes: A patent foramen ovale (pfo) and patent ductus arteriosus (pda) are conditions that allow fetal circulation to flow. Once the infant is born different blood flow patterns are required to oxygenate the blood. The closing off of the pfo and PDA allow the blood flow to assume the normal post natal pattern. ...Read more

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Cardiologists, what are the risks congenital heart defect corrective surgery?

Cardiologists, what are the risks congenital heart defect corrective surgery?

Depends on defect: Many factors contribute to risks of congenital heart disease Very simple defects usually routinely repaired and uneventful. More complex lesions more difficult and intricate to repair. Some fixes require multiple surgeries. Usually should be performed by experienced pediatric cardiac surgeons, Support personell help things run smoothly.Age of child and any associated comorbidities. ...Read more

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How rare is patent ductus arteriosus repair in normal new babies?

How rare is patent ductus arteriosus repair in normal new babies?

Not rare: It is a fairly common surgery and very safe even in small premature infants. Should be done at appropriate facility (children's hospital) with an experienced pediatric cardiac surgeon. ...Read more

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Bone flap reattachment after brain surgery, wires vs plates, differences?

Bone flap reattachment after brain surgery, wires vs plates, differences?

I am not sure: I am not sure. Lets see if someone else with expertise in neurosurgery will answer your question. ...Read more