Doctor insights on:
Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Dna
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an infectious organism that spreads by droplets coughed out by an infected person. Infection is established initially in lungs, but can spread within lungs & to other body parts, or can become latent, with reactivation occurring years to decades later. With effective treatment, it can be completely eliminated although drug resistant ...Read more
A dormant infection: Latent TB is when someone gets TB and the body is able to suppress the infection but not fully get rid of the organism. They are then "dormant". When your immune system gets compromised or weakened the infection can "wake up" and reactive and become active again. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
No: Latent TB is exactly what it sounds like, latent. The body has sequestered the TB away in granulomas, and treatment is to eradicate the TB so that it doesn't pop out at a later point to cause disease. There should be no active disease with TB (or else it wouldn't be latent). ...Read more
Many mycobacteria: There are >200 species of mycobacteria. We worry about mycobacterium tuberculosis because it can be transmitted between people. Atypical mycobacterium, like mai, are not contageous. These are in our h2o supply ; we drink/inhale them. Most are problematic in people w/lung diseases (copd/cystic fibrosis) or those who are immunocompromised (hiv/transplant patients). In normal hosts usually no worry. ...Read more
Complex: M. Avium- intracellulare (mac) infections can result in lung and other organ damage , depending on the severity of immunodeficiency. In people with an intact immune system , mac infection is a slow process and can take years before therapy is initiated (2 or 3 antibiotics- e.g. Ethambutol, cipro, (ciprofloxacin) and rifabutin). Therapy can last a minimum of 12 months if a lung infection is involved. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Hiv 1/2 blood analysis:
-antibodies and p24 antigen (chemiluminescence): reactive-2, 741
- IgG antibodies (enzyme immunoassay):nonreactive
in this case, is HIV infection accurate?
For TB: Treatment is empiric at first, most commonly using four drugs to avoid the development of resistant organisms. After testing of the bug (which can take 8 weeks), treatment can be narrowed to two drugs to which it is susceptible, but continued for a total of 6 months (at least). Treatment of TB works best when it is administered under direct supervision of a qualified public health official. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Unclear question: Examination of the tissue by a pathologist is the gold standard for diagnosis. However, an apical cavitary lesion in the lung should be treated as tuberculosis, unless proven otherwise. For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Drink enough water daily, so that your urine is mostly colorless. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any form. Practice safe sex, if you have sex. ...Read more
CT result-Thorax extensive mediastinal lympopathy with central caseating ,TB lymphopathy to consider skin,blood culture negative it is TB disease?
Caseating granulomas: This sounds like tuberculosis, but may conceivably be systemic fungal infection like Histoplasmosis, rarely lymphoma or sarcoidosis. In India this is probably TB and either should be treated empirically or wait for the results of the biopsied lymph nodes. Sounds as if your doctor is very astute and would heed their advice. Best wishes. ...Read more
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