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Doctor insights on: Mycobacterium Chelonae Treatment

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Is Mycobacterium Chelonae contagious from human to human?

Not really: This bug is everywhere in our environment and only people with immune problems typically are affected/ ...Read more

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Consequences and treatment for mycobacterium avium intracellulare?

Consequences and treatment for mycobacterium avium intracellulare?

Complex: M. Avium- intracellulare (mac) infections can result in lung and other organ damage, depending on the severity of immunodeficiency. In people with an intact immune system, mac infection is a slow process and can take years before therapy is initiated (2 or 3 antibiotics- e.g. Ethambutol, cipro, (ciprofloxacin) and rifabutin). Therapy can last a minimum of 12 months if a lung infection is involved. ...Read more

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Which treatment works the best and fastest for mycobacterium tuberculosis infection?

Which treatment works the best and fastest for mycobacterium tuberculosis infection?

For TB: Treatment is empiric at first, most commonly using four drugs to avoid the development of resistant organisms. After testing of the bug (which can take 8 weeks), treatment can be narrowed to two drugs to which it is susceptible, but continued for a total of 6 months (at least). Treatment of TB works best when it is administered under direct supervision of a qualified public health official. ...Read more

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Will mycobacterium tuberculosis infection kill me if I don't get treatment?

Will mycobacterium tuberculosis infection kill me if I don't get treatment?

Yes: And you will hurt everyone you love and live with by infecting them as well. In many countries you don't get to decide. You either take the treatment voluntarily or you get detained and kept in isolation.
This applies to open tuberculosis. If you have latent tuberculosis, it's a different story. Chances of death from latent TB are almost zero, unless it turns into the open form. ...Read more

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What's the best treatment to get rid of mycobacterium tuberculosis infection?

What's the best treatment to get rid of mycobacterium tuberculosis infection?

Multi-drug therapy: Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacterium that causes tuberculosis. This was the among the most common causes of lung disease in the early 20th century when it was called "consumption." Nowadays it is unusual in the US but still common in the 3rd world and very serious. Treatment is a regimen of 2 to 4 drugs for many months. Resistant strains are cropping up, which complicates matters greatly. ...Read more

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How does mycobacterium leprae spread?

How does mycobacterium leprae spread?

Leprosy: About 95% of people have natural immunity to Leprosy. It is most likely that leprosy is transmitted by lengthy & close contact with nasal droplets from an infected person. Armadillos serve as a vector for Leprosy in the US. ...Read more

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How do mycobacterium TB grow?

How do mycobacterium TB grow?

MYCOBACTERIUM TB: Acid -fast bacilli are slow growing aerobic, commonly found in the lungs. It is a chronic progressive infection transmitted by inhalation of droplets of the baclli. ...Read more

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Is mycobacterium avium contagious?

Is mycobacterium avium contagious?

M. Avium: Non- tuberculous mycobacterium such as avium and many other mycobacterial species are not transmitted from person to person ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of mycobacterium tuberculosis?

What are the symptoms of mycobacterium tuberculosis?

Depends on where: But the most common site for tuberculosis is the lung and symptoms include fever, cough, night sweats and weight loss. ...Read more

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Mycobacterium intracellulare infection, am I contagious?

Mycobacterium intracellulare infection, am I contagious?

Many mycobacteria: There are >200 species of mycobacteria. We worry about mycobacterium tuberculosis because it can be transmitted between people. Atypical mycobacterium, like mai, are not contageous. These are in our h2o supply ; we drink/inhale them. Most are problematic in people w/lung diseases (copd/cystic fibrosis) or those who are immunocompromised (hiv/transplant patients). In normal hosts usually no worry. ...Read more

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What is the pathophysiology of mycobacterium tuberculosis?

What is the pathophysiology of mycobacterium tuberculosis?

Complex: Mtb is acquired thru respiratory route and replicates in the lung before asymptomatically disseminates to other organs. After about 6-8 weeks, the immune system starts to respond to the bug, walling the bacilli off in granulomas. Other than a positive skin test, 90% of people stay well. Of the rest, half will "reactivate" within 2 yrs and the others later sometimes due to immune suppression. ...Read more

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How common is it for somebody to get mycobacterium tuberculosis infection?

How common is it for somebody to get mycobacterium tuberculosis infection?

Common: World wide TB is an endemic illness affecting millions of people. In the US, TB is some times seen in immigrants from poor countries. It is also associated with immune deficiency, including AIDS. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: mycobacterium tuberculosis infection?

Chronic infection: Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an infectious organism that spreads by droplets coughed out by an infected person. Infection is established initially in lungs, but can spread within lungs & to other body parts, or can become latent, with reactivation occurring years to decades later. With effective treatment, it can be completely eliminated although drug resistant strains are becoming common. ...Read more

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What could be the reason why mycobacterium tuberculosis is resistant to many biocides?

It's complicated: Tb needs to be treated with several drugs to which it is susceptable at the same time to prevent the emergence of mutational resistance. It also needs to be treated for at least 6 months. In many 3rd world countries TB meds can be purchased over the counter and people take them incorrectly and not long enough. In usa some pts are non compliant with treatment. Both these cause resistance. ...Read more

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How is it that cord factor antigen aid in the diagnosis of mycobacterium tuberculosis?

Not for prime time: Cord factor is a molecule that enhances virulence of mtb. Usually the non-tuberculous mycobacterium don't have it so it can be used to differentiate between the infections. Why? Mtb is considered contagious & non-tb mycobacterium are not frequently so. Experimentally this factor has been looked at as a quick test to differentiate between the 2 types of infection. Not yet commercially available. ...Read more