Doctor insights on:
Mycobacterium Chelonae Treatment
Not really: This bug is everywhere in our environment and only people with immune problems typically are affected/ ...Read more
Complex: M. Avium- intracellulare (mac) infections can result in lung and other organ damage, depending on the severity of immunodeficiency. In people with an intact immune system, mac infection is a slow process and can take years before therapy is initiated (2 or 3 antibiotics- e.g. Ethambutol, cipro, (ciprofloxacin) and rifabutin). Therapy can last a minimum of 12 months if a lung infection is involved. ...Read more
For TB: Treatment is empiric at first, most commonly using four drugs to avoid the development of resistant organisms. After testing of the bug (which can take 8 weeks), treatment can be narrowed to two drugs to which it is susceptible, but continued for a total of 6 months (at least). Treatment of TB works best when it is administered under direct supervision of a qualified public health official. ...Read more
And you will hurt everyone you love and live with by infecting them as well. In many countries you don't get to decide. You either take the treatment voluntarily or you get detained and kept in isolation.
This applies to open tuberculosis. If you have latent tuberculosis, it's a different story. Chances of death from latent TB are almost zero, unless it turns into the open form. ...Read more
Multi-drug therapy: Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacterium that causes tuberculosis. This was the among the most common causes of lung disease in the early 20th century when it was called "consumption." Nowadays it is unusual in the US but still common in the 3rd world and very serious. Treatment is a regimen of 2 to 4 drugs for many months. Resistant strains are cropping up, which complicates matters greatly. ...Read more
Many mycobacteria: There are >200 species of mycobacteria. We worry about mycobacterium tuberculosis because it can be transmitted between people. Atypical mycobacterium, like mai, are not contageous. These are in our h2o supply ; we drink/inhale them. Most are problematic in people w/lung diseases (copd/cystic fibrosis) or those who are immunocompromised (hiv/transplant patients). In normal hosts usually no worry. ...Read more
Cell wall: The complex lipids in the cell wall produce the staining. ...Read more
Complex: Mtb is acquired thru respiratory route and replicates in the lung before asymptomatically disseminates to other organs. After about 6-8 weeks, the immune system starts to respond to the bug, walling the bacilli off in granulomas. Other than a positive skin test, 90% of people stay well. Of the rest, half will "reactivate" within 2 yrs and the others later sometimes due to immune suppression. ...Read more
Chronic infection: Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an infectious organism that spreads by droplets coughed out by an infected person. Infection is established initially in lungs, but can spread within lungs & to other body parts, or can become latent, with reactivation occurring years to decades later. With effective treatment, it can be completely eliminated although drug resistant strains are becoming common. ...Read more
AntibioticResistance: Resistance is caused by non compliance as people do not take two or three drugs for six months or more. It in the long term make some antibiotics ineffective due to bacterial resistance. But another factor is the Bacteria become smart and as the Antibiotics are used over the years find a different mode to survive like all other Antibiotcs we have used over the years. It is a big problem ...Read more
Not for prime time: Cord factor is a molecule that enhances virulence of mtb. Usually the non-tuberculous mycobacterium don't have it so it can be used to differentiate between the infections. Why? Mtb is considered contagious & non-tb mycobacterium are not frequently so. Experimentally this factor has been looked at as a quick test to differentiate between the 2 types of infection. Not yet commercially available. ...Read more
I have been in contact with laboratory-grown specimens of Mycobacterium phlei. I would like to know the symptoms just in case of. Thank you.
Mycobacteria are unlikely to infect you thus symptoms "just in case" are impossible to predict!
Hope this is helpful
Dr Z ...Read more
My wife's hyterscopy result shows mycobacterium tuberclosis complex. I want to know whether this will any way affect her future pregnancy after treat?
M. abscessus: Mycobacterium abscessus complex is a group of rapidly growing, multidrug-resistant, nontuberculous mycobacteria. They can cause a whole range of skin and soft tissue diseases, central nervous system infections, bacteremia, and ocular and other infections. Some of the drugs used include clarithromycin, amikacin, and cefoxitin. However treatment really is best coordinated by an ID doc who knows. ...Read more
Mycobacteria: Mycobacterium intracellulare is something of a difficult bacterium to treat. Depending on the site of infection, you either need an Infectious Diseases specialist or a lung specialist. Sometimes you need both! Usually this germ attacks those that are weakened - either by disease (cancer, AIDS) or some structural problem - such as damaged airways from smoking. There is good treatment, though. ...Read more
ThroughTheLab: You can not culture Mycobacterium Tuberculosis by your self. The specimen has to be collected by your doctor or healthcare provider properly and sent to be Bacteriological Laboratory to be cultured where it is incubated for several days to grow the mycobacterium as it is slow growing bacteria ...Read more
Infects and prevails: Mycobacterium Tuberculosis is a bacteria that causes Disease Tuberculosis in humans. The most common infection is in the lungs but it can infect other organs in the body as well. How it calls infection is the same way any other infectioius agent enters our body. Our body tries to fight the infection on it's own and many are able to survive that. While others succumb to it and end up with disease ...Read more
Usually not: Mycobacterial tuberculosis infection can affect any part of the body and depending on the organ affected may have dull pain especially if skin and/or bone are involved. In vast majority of patients with TB pain is not a dominant symptom. ...Read more