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Doctor insights on: Mycobacterium Avium Intracellulare Contagious

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Consequences and treatment for mycobacterium avium intracellulare?

Consequences and treatment for mycobacterium avium intracellulare?

Complex: M. Avium- intracellulare (mac) infections can result in lung and other organ damage, depending on the severity of immunodeficiency. In people with an intact immune system, mac infection is a slow process and can take years before therapy is initiated (2 or 3 antibiotics- e.g. Ethambutol, cipro, (ciprofloxacin) and rifabutin). Therapy can last a minimum of 12 months if a lung infection is involved. ...Read more

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Contagious (Definition)

One is able to transmit an infection to another by ...Read more


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Is mycobacterium avium contagious?

Is mycobacterium avium contagious?

M. Avium: Non- tuberculous mycobacterium such as avium and many other mycobacterial species are not transmitted from person to person ...Read more

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What to do about mycobacterium intracellular (not avium)?

Mycobacteria: Mycobacterium intracellulare is something of a difficult bacterium to treat. Depending on the site of infection, you either need an Infectious Diseases specialist or a lung specialist. Sometimes you need both! Usually this germ attacks those that are weakened - either by disease (cancer, AIDS) or some structural problem - such as damaged airways from smoking. There is good treatment, though. ...Read more

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Mycobacterium intracellulare infection, am I contagious?

Mycobacterium intracellulare infection, am I contagious?

Many mycobacteria: There are >200 species of mycobacteria. We worry about mycobacterium tuberculosis because it can be transmitted between people. Atypical mycobacterium, like mai, are not contageous. These are in our h2o supply ; we drink/inhale them. Most are problematic in people w/lung diseases (copd/cystic fibrosis) or those who are immunocompromised (hiv/transplant patients). In normal hosts usually no worry. ...Read more

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Is Mycobacterium Chelonae contagious from human to human?

Not really: This bug is everywhere in our environment and only people with immune problems typically are affected/ ...Read more

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What is the best way to treat mycobacterium abscessus?

What is the best way to treat mycobacterium abscessus?

M. abscessus: Mycobacterium abscessus complex is a group of rapidly growing, multidrug-resistant, nontuberculous mycobacteria. They can cause a whole range of skin and soft tissue diseases, central nervous system infections, bacteremia, and ocular and other infections. Some of the drugs used include clarithromycin, amikacin, and cefoxitin. However treatment really is best coordinated by an ID doc who knows. ...Read more

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How can I culture mycobacterium tuberculosis?

How can I culture mycobacterium tuberculosis?

You don't: The lab does, on special media. If you try it yourself, and you actually have somebody with active TB to grow it from, you'll generate a mass of nasty bacteria and if you don't know exactly what you are doing, you can make everybody around you very sick. ...Read more

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What is the pathophysiology of mycobacterium tuberculosis?

What is the pathophysiology of mycobacterium tuberculosis?

Complex: Mtb is acquired thru respiratory route and replicates in the lung before asymptomatically disseminates to other organs. After about 6-8 weeks, the immune system starts to respond to the bug, walling the bacilli off in granulomas. Other than a positive skin test, 90% of people stay well. Of the rest, half will "reactivate" within 2 yrs and the others later sometimes due to immune suppression. ...Read more

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How does mycobacterium leprae spread?

How does mycobacterium leprae spread?

Leprosy: About 95% of people have natural immunity to Leprosy. It is most likely that leprosy is transmitted by lengthy & close contact with nasal droplets from an infected person. Armadillos serve as a vector for Leprosy in the US. ...Read more

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How do mycobacterium TB grow?

How do mycobacterium TB grow?

MYCOBACTERIUM TB: Acid -fast bacilli are slow growing aerobic, commonly found in the lungs. It is a chronic progressive infection transmitted by inhalation of droplets of the baclli. ...Read more

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What is mycobacterium kansasii not mycobacterium tb?

What is mycobacterium kansasii not mycobacterium tb?

A diffeent bacteria: A diffeent mycobacterias causes problems in people that has prior damage on the lung...Bronchiectasis copd, etc but also in persons whose immune system is weak. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of mycobacterium tuberculosis?

What are the symptoms of mycobacterium tuberculosis?

Depends on where: But the most common site for tuberculosis is the lung and symptoms include fever, cough, night sweats and weight loss. ...Read more

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Life expectancy with atypical mycobacterium kansasii?

Life expectancy with atypical mycobacterium kansasii?

It depends: On whether the individual has underlying diseases that might make the infection worse or affect mortality as well. ...Read more

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How does mycobacterium tuberculosis attack and spread?

Tb Infection: How does mycobacterium tuberculosis attack and spread?
Usually by droplet transmission through the air. Cough, fatigue and being in an area with Tb carriers or in a high risk environment where you come in contact with infected people. ...Read more