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Doctor insights on: My Mother Has Developed Esophagus Muscle Dysfunction What Is It Exactly

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My mother has developed esophagus muscle dysfunction. What is it exactly?

My mother has developed esophagus muscle dysfunction. What is it exactly?

Swallowing trouble: The muscles that wrap around the esophagus, as well as the sphincters (both upper & lower) coordinate their contractions to produce peristalsis, thereby propelling food from the back of your mouth to the stomach, & keeping that food from backing up again. There are a lot of diseases that affect the esophagus muscles--some minor (presbyesophagus) & major (like achalasia, parkinson's, scleroderma). ...Read more

Dr. Shari Jackson
76 doctors shared insights

Esophageal Achalasia (Definition)

This is a disease that destroys the nerves coordinating esophageal muscle contraction. The normal ability to push food into the stomach is lost, and the valve entering the stomach becomes tight and stiff, allowing food to collect in the esophagus and empty by gravity alone. Solids generally worse than liquids. Onset is gradual. Weight loss & malnutrition common. Treatment ...Read more


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My father has developed heart sac inflammation. What is it exactly?

My father has developed heart sac inflammation. What is it exactly?

Pericarditis: Pericarditis is an inflammation of the sac that surrounds the heart. It may be the result of an infectious process, chest trauma, certain environmental exposures (such as radiation), or other systemic (body-wide) inflammatory process that attacks the pericardium. Treatments are targeted towards the underlying process and may certain include anti-inflammatory agents. ...Read more

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My sister has developed heart contusion. What is it exactly?

My sister has developed heart contusion. What is it exactly?

Trauma to heart: Trauma to the chest causes trauma to the heart, which bruises the heart muscle. ...Read more

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My father has developed brain injury. What is it exactly?

My father has developed brain injury. What is it exactly?

Brain injury types: I would need more informnation to provide a specific reply. Is hisbrain injury ischemic ( such as a stroke , or traumatic ? ...Read more

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My mother has developed bladder stone. What is it exactly?

My mother has developed bladder stone. What is it exactly?

Stone in bladder: Bladder stones are typically found in people who have difficulty emptying the bladder (retention of urine) and chronic urinary tract infections. Can also be found in those with bladder abnormalities such as diverticulum. Bladder stones are generally treated with an endoscopic procedure using a laser to fragment the stone. Occasionally, if stone is large, it may be removed with abdominal surgery. ...Read more

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My brother has developed back spinal stenosis. What is it exactly?

My brother has developed back spinal stenosis. What is it exactly?

Too small a canal: It is when the canal of the spine becomes too narrow for the contents-- compressing the neural/nerve tissue to a degree causing symptoms of pain/ numbness/tingling/weakness with standing/walking better sitting or bending over. This is due usually to degenerative changes occuring over time and can be related to the size canal he was born with- smoking can accelerate these degenerative changes. ...Read more

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My brother has developed chronic pancreatitis. What is it exactly?

My brother has developed chronic pancreatitis. What is it exactly?

Scarring in panc: Chronic inflammation of pancres (digestive and endocrine organ), generally as a consequence of chronic alcohol use. Can cause chronic pain (usually worse after eating); maldigestion of (primarily) fats, with foul smelling, greasy stool, weight loss; maldigestion of carbohydrates and protein; diabetes that may be poorly controllable. Can be treated with meds, occ surgery. ...Read more

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My son has developed bone cancer. What is it exactly?

My son has developed bone cancer. What is it exactly?

Adult or child?: Cancers that develop in bonse are only common in late adolescence and early adulthhod: osteosarcoma and chondrosarcoma, and most commonlyaround knees. Ewings sarcaoma, and many other tumors affect bones, but usually are not of bones. Adults most commonly have disease from may other places that effect bones: prostate and lung cancer lead the pack, and multiple myeloma destroys bones. No more room. ...Read more

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My sister has developed difficulty lifting objects. What is it exactly?

My sister has developed difficulty lifting objects. What is it exactly?

?nerve/muscle issue: The difficulty could involve weakness or incoordination, and may be due to peripheral nerve or muscle disease, but could also be due to problems in the brain or spinal cord. It is imperative that she have a full evaluation with her primary physician, and if necessary, a referral to a neurologist. ...Read more

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My brother has developed fever of unknown origin. What is it exactly?

My brother has developed fever of unknown origin. What is it exactly?

What it says: If the cause of a fever cannot be diagnosed in a few weeks, it is given the designation of fever of unknown origin. It may be due to exotic infections, malignancies, genetic defects, and autoimmune disorders etc. It often takes investigation by a team of specialists. ...Read more

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My daughter has developed bone cancer. What is it exactly?

My daughter has developed bone cancer. What is it exactly?

Try to get details..: Specifically, bone cancer is a type of sarcoma. It is more common in children/ young adults and usually one hopes to detect it early enough that surgery and / or radiation would be helpful. Other confused diagnoses with this term improperly used are cancers that start someplace else and spread to the bone (breast cancer for instance) or cancers of the bone marrow (leukemia). ...Read more

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My brother has developed mesothelioma. What is it exactly?

My brother has developed mesothelioma. What is it exactly?

Mesothelioma is: A cancer of the membranes that cover the chest cavity, and the nooks and crannies of each lobe and the mediastinum where the heart, swallowing tube and nerves, blood vessels and lymphatics live. Tv and billboard direct you to lawyers because there is a connection to asbestos, and producers are liable. It causes fluid to accumulate. There is a varied natural history, few do well; many do poorly. ...Read more

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My girlfriend says she has a rare disease or defect in that her stomach is too far to the left of her body (she says). What could this be?

My girlfriend says she has a rare disease or defect in that her stomach is too far to the left of her body (she says). What could this be?

Situs inversus: I wonder if she is speaking of situs inversus which is a congenital condition in which the major visceral organs are reversed or mirrored from their normal positions. ...Read more

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My father has developed celiac disease. What is it exactly?

My father has developed celiac disease. What is it exactly?

Toxic wheat effect: Gluten in wheat acts as a toxin on your small intestine. The toxic injury leads to a marked decrease in the ability to absorb nutrients in any food that you eat. The immediate result is abdominal distension, pain, bloating & diarrhea. The long term effects is weight loss, muscle wasting & weakness - in fact, all of the symptoms of starvation. ...Read more

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My father has developed racing heartbeat. What is it exactly?

My father has developed racing heartbeat. What is it exactly?

Usually arrhythmia: An arrhythmia is a disturbance in the heart beat and can be fast or slow. The most common types start in the upper portion, or atria, and are called supraventricular tachycardias--which include atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter and atrial tachycardias. Any of these can be very fast and are treated with medicines to slow the heart rate and can be caused by hypertension or other causes. ...Read more

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My daughter has developed depression. What is it exactly?

My daughter has developed depression. What is it exactly?

Depression: Is a mood disorder involving feelings of depression, loss of interest in usually pleasurable activities, trouble with sleep, appetite and energy and sometimes the development of suicidal ideation. It also interferes with the person's ability to function in school/work and in relationships. The best news is that there is help out there! ...Read more

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My mother has renal impairment which is the s.creatin =2. What does this mean? What can she do for it?

My mother has renal impairment which is the s.creatin =2. What does this mean? What can she do for it?

See a nephrologist: Blood pressure control, Low protein diet, avoid NSAIDs expect aspirin for cardio protection, weight loss if over weight, Low fat diet to control cholesterol and see a nephrologist. ...Read more

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My mother has coronary spasms. What is it in a nutshell?

My mother has coronary spasms. What is it in a nutshell?

Prinzmetal angina: Printzmetal angina. Acute vasoconstriction of a coronary artery. Multifactorial, may lead to sudden cardiac death, acute coronary syndrome, st elevation myocardial infarction, low cardiac output syndrome, pump failure to include some. Depending on severity and location of the area of the coronary that vasoconstricts, this will determine the risks of untoward events. ...Read more

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Poliartritis - poliartroza. My mother has been diagnosed with this, she has pain in her hands. What exactly is this and how is it usually treated ?

Poliartritis -  poliartroza.  My mother has been diagnosed with this, she has pain in her hands. What exactly is this and how is it usually treated ?

Polyarthritis: Poly=many; arthr=joint; itis=inflammation so her diagnosis is arthritis in many points (usually 5 or more for this definition). May be osteoarthritis due to "wear & tear" of joints, or may be rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune disease. Other: psoriatic arthritis, infectious arthritis. Oa trested with nsaids (advil/motrin or rx version); RA requires test for diagnosis; immune suppressants 4 tx. ...Read more

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Muscle (Definition)

It is a body tissue that has the ability to contract. It shortens and generates force. It relaxes and returns to its original length. Muscles move joints, stabilize the body, move air and food through the organs, act as valves for bladder, bowel and other organs. They control movement of the eyes. They help us express ourselves by changing the shape of our ...Read more


Esophagus (Definition)

This is the muscular structure built like a tube that connects your throat to the stomach though which food ...Read more