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Doctor insights on: Mushroom Extract Colon Cancer

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If a colon needs to be removed because of colon cancer are their alternatives to a external bag?

If a colon needs to be removed because of colon cancer are their alternatives to a external bag?

Bag is rarely needed: Colostomy (external bag) is rarely needed for elective cancer surgery. It is more frequently used if the cancer is located very close to the anus, Also, a temporary colostomy may be used for emergency surgery when cancer is obstructing colon completely and the bowel cannot be cleaned prior to the surgery. ...Read more

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Dr. Barry Rosen
4,341 Doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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Do all polyps need to be removed in colonoscopy to avoid colon cancer?

Do all polyps need to be removed in colonoscopy to avoid colon cancer?

Yes: Not all polyps are pre-canerous, most are. The determination of whether the polyp is precancerous or not usually requires examination by a pathologist and that necessitates removal. There is no good reason to not remove a polyp detected on colonscopy. All most all colon cancers start in polyps, therefore it is necessary to remove polyps to prevent colon cancer. ...Read more

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Does having gallbladder removed increase risk of colon cancer? Or does gallbladder removal cause colon cancer?

Does having gallbladder removed increase risk of colon cancer? Or does gallbladder removal cause colon cancer?

Gallbladder: No
not at all
if you need your gallbladder out then do it because the risk of gallbladder disease far far outweighs any slight theoretical risk of colon cancer. ...Read more

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Can a aortocaval node be cured / treated which has metastases? It's 10 mm in size in a colon cancer pt where primary is removed

Can a aortocaval node be cured / treated which has metastases? It's 10 mm in size in a colon cancer pt where primary is removed

Yes: In removing what is considered a solitary metastatic focus and in particular a lymph node, one must make sure the lesion is solitary. A PET/CAT scan will resolve this issue and if solitary should be removed by surgical resection. If other sites noted then chemo followed by surgery should be performed. ...Read more

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Why does my wife need chemo? My wife was operated on for colon cancer it went well they removed 12 lymphnodes 4 of them had traces of cancer we just had a petscan and it came back clean no organs affected. Why would my wife need chemo if scan was clean.?

Why does my wife need chemo? My wife was operated on for colon cancer it went well they removed 12 lymphnodes 4 of them had traces of cancer we just had a petscan and it came back clean no organs affected. Why would my wife need chemo if scan was clean.?

PET: Pet scans usually can only see tumor measuring about the size of a small raisin (1 cm). A tumor this size already contains about 1 billion cancer cells. When multiple lymph nodes are invovled there is a very high chance that there are tiny clusters of cells in other lymph nodes, surrounding tissues, or organs. Chemotherapy or other treatments are often given after surgery to hopefully kill these remaining bad cells. We know that this increases the chances of beating the disease based on randomized trials in which brave people who had colon cancer in their lymph nodes and normal scans after the operation agreed to get chemotherapy or not based on the flip of a coin. Those who got the chemotherapy lived longer and had relapses less often and later in life. ...Read more

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I am curious if all the polyps in your stomach are removed then how can you get colon cancer?

I am curious if all the polyps in your stomach are removed then how can you get colon cancer?

Polyposis: It may be that the polyposis syndrome that you are dealing with may be more extensive. Frequently, when people speak about gastrointestinal polyposis, it may involve more than one part of the GI tract. Thus, although the stomach was treated, there may have been more polyps elsewhere. Alternatively, you may also explain this by postulating two separate entities or sites for cancer to start. ...Read more

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What happens if all the polyps in your stomach are removed then how can you get colon cancer?

What happens if all the polyps in your stomach are removed then how can you get colon cancer?

Confused: Stomach is at end of esophagus, then small intestine, then colon, then rectum.
One can have polyps in any of these.
One can have cancer in any of these. They can happen at same time or separately. ...Read more

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20 mm polyp removed during colonoscopy. Likelihood of cancer. Family history of colon cancer.

20 mm polyp removed during colonoscopy. Likelihood of cancer. Family history of colon cancer.

Need more: Information. The type of polyp.who in your family has colon CA, the age of diagnosis and your age ...Read more

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Colon cancer stage 2, pt 65y/o. Had 1 + mass, multiple benign polops. All of the colon was removed. Is chemo recommended? No matastatas noted.

Colon cancer stage 2, pt 65y/o. Had 1 + mass, multiple benign polops. All of the colon was removed. Is chemo recommended? No matastatas noted.

No chemo needed: There is no evidence that chemotherapy benefits patients with stage 2 colon cancer. It is often given, however. There might be a reason to give it if the cancer was obstructing or perforated as that can worsen the likelihood for cure with surgical resection alone. ...Read more

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I had a polyp removed from my sigmoid at age 20 and it was benign. No direct family history of colon cancer. What tests should be done ongoing?

I had a polyp removed from my sigmoid at age 20 and it was benign. No direct family history of colon cancer. What tests should be done ongoing?

Typically: It depends on type of polyp found/ removed and why scoped. Consider full colonoscopy if there was one, there could be more. Typically a colonoscopy every 5 yrs is indicated with a family history of colon cancer or a personal hx of polyp or cancer (at a minimum). Consult a GI specialist for further management. ...Read more

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How do you know if you have a family history of colon cancer if all the old folks get colonoscopies, get polyps removed, and say nothing about it?

How do you know if you have a family history of colon cancer if all the old folks get colonoscopies, get polyps removed, and say nothing about it?

Ask: Go to your older relatives & ask them- not just about colonoscopies, but about their parents/grandparents, who had what & who died from what. You'll get valuable family history on a number of topics. Only about 5% of colon cancers occur in families with a history of colon cancer, so screening is more important than family history for this. ...Read more

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My friend has had surgery for colon cancer but has been told she possibly has another 5cm tumour attached to the aorta.... can this be removed too?

My friend has had surgery for colon cancer but has been told she possibly has another 5cm tumour attached to the aorta.... can this be removed too?

Probably not: If this is "adenocarcinoma of the colon", then the tumor next to the aorta represents growth outside the wall of the colon, which means it isn't possible to cure this with surgery. However, it is important to confirm that the mass is a recurrence or extension of the primary colon cancer. If so, then radiation and chemotherapy can help, but are not likely to cure the cancer. ...Read more

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I had two tubular adnomas removed in '09 at 33, one hyperplastic and one tubular adenoma removed in '12. Am I likely to get colon cancer. No fam hstry?

I had two tubular adnomas removed in '09 at 33, one hyperplastic and one tubular adenoma removed in '12. Am I likely to get colon cancer. No fam hstry?

Tubular adenomas: The fact that you have tubular adenomas at such an early age probably does slightly raise your lifetime risk of colon carcinoma. However, now that you know you can have careful followup and screening to make sure all adenomas are removed before they can develop into colon cancer. ...Read more

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My dad was diagnosis with colon cancer, has all of the colon removed. What is the possibility that he will or will not have to have chemo/radiation?

My dad was diagnosis with colon cancer, has all of the colon removed. What is the possibility that he will or will not have to have chemo/radiation?

Stage matters.: Chemotherapy is commonly employed if the tumor has spread to the lymph nodes, which are sampled at the time of surgery. Radiation is rarely used for colon cancer but sometimes is used when the tumor invades other structures or is incompletely removed. ...Read more

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Am I more likely to be diagnosed with colon cancer if the large polyp that was removed was labeled as "friable"?

Am I more likely to be diagnosed with colon cancer if the large polyp that was removed was labeled as "friable"?

No but maybe: Dysplasia in the polyp determines the nature and potential for malignancy not friability but large polyps with friable nature might indicate rapid growth. ...Read more

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Can a person live up to 5 years with stage IV colon cancer? 1 liver met and 1 node. Primary removed last year

Can a person live up to 5 years with stage IV colon cancer? 1 liver met and 1 node. Primary removed last year

Yes, possible: 25% to 40 % is 5 years survival for Stage IV colon cancer. With aggressive treatment by resection of involved liver and chemotherapy even getting better results in recent years than couple of decades ago. ...Read more

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How effective is irinotecan alone for colon cancer when primary removed but there occured a liver met and a node?

Modestly active: Irinotecan is one of 3 chemotherapy drugs used for treating Cancer. They work better when used as a couplet or triplet, often with added biologic agent called Avastin (bevacizumab) and sometimes adding Cetuximab ...Read more

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Can you successfully treat a recurrent colon cancer? This is my mothers third time. Had all lymph nodes removed after first surgery I

Can you successfully treat a recurrent colon cancer? This is my mothers third time. Had all lymph nodes removed after first surgery I

Colon cancer: It appears your mother's colon cancer has been recurrent over a period of years, meaning it is not likely to cure her microscopic disease. That said, her disease can be managed for as long as individual foci can be targetted and more widespread disease cannot be controlled. There is no exact timeline on that, but regular follow up with her doctors should monitor her status/control/progression. ...Read more

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Can colon cancer is it bad if a aortocaval node contains a met? The primary colon tumor is removed already. What is best treatment here?

Can colon cancer is it bad if a aortocaval node contains a met? The primary colon tumor is removed already. What is best treatment here?

Mets are bad: Metastasis of any kind are a bad sign, because it indicates that the disease has spread. Metastatic disease may be treated with radiation or chemotherapy, but this will depend on specific patient factors. Solitary metastasis to the lungs or liver are sometimes removed surgically, but aortocaval nodes are probably too risky. ...Read more

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If colon cancer was there several years n now removed - why only after surgery a liver met appears? All prior scans were showing no distant spread?

If colon cancer was there several years n now removed - why only after surgery a liver met appears? All prior scans were showing no distant spread?

Not unusual.: It sometimes takes years for a metastasis in the liver or elsewhere to become large enough to be seen with the tests that we have available, such as CT scans or pet scans. If the metastasis is isolated and small, it may still be able to be treated. Be sure to discuss this in depth with your oncologist. Good luck. ...Read more

Dr. Ana Adelstein
13 Doctors shared insights

Colon (Definition)

The colon is another term for the large intestine. This is the final portion of the digestive system, responsible for absorbing water and storing stool before evacuation. It is divided into sections described as cecum; ascending, transverse, descending and ...Read more


Dr. Marvin Ott
12 Doctors shared insights

Colonic (Definition)

This is a combining term referring to some condition, treatment or disease of the colon. Such as colonic enema, colonic ...Read more


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