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Doctor insights on: Multinodular Goiter Ultrasound

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Her ultrasound says it's a multinodular goiter. What is that?

Her ultrasound says it's a multinodular goiter. What is that?

See below: Goiter is an enlargement of the thyroid gland. The gland can be generally enlarged or have multiple growths (nodules) leading to enlargement of the whole thyroid gland. The latter is termed multinodular goiter. The nodules are generally benign (noncancerous). The ultrasound appearance is correlated with how well the thyroid works using blood tests of thyroid function. ...Read more

Dr. Michael Gabor
2,193 doctors shared insights

Sonogram (Definition)

An ultraound, also known as a sonogram, is a painless and relatively inexpensive imaging test that utilizes sound waves instead of ionizing radiation. There are no side effects. Ultrasound can give us two-dimensional, and in some applications three-dimensional, images of structures and organs in virtually any part of the body. In addition to diagnostic uses, such as evaluating abnormalities in the abdomen, pelvis, and breast, ultrasounds are commonly used to guide needle and catheter placement in a variety of surgical ...Read more


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How is thyroid ultrasound used to diagnose a multinodular goiter?

How is thyroid ultrasound used to diagnose a multinodular goiter?

Sonar images: Ultrasound uses the variation in the 2 dimensional images produced by scanning the thyroid like a fisherman uses sonar to find a school of fish under his boat. Enough thyroid us's have been done to develop pictures of how big each part of the gland should be at a given age in a given condition. ...Read more

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How often should a thyroid sonogram be repeated? Sono done 1 year ago showed heterogeneous multinodular goiter.

How often should a thyroid sonogram be repeated? Sono done 1 year ago showed heterogeneous multinodular goiter.

It depends: Upon a variety of factors, such as clinical changes, palpation by physician, prior ultrasound and lab findings, biopsy findings (if biopsy was done), personal and family history etc. Check w/your physician who should be able to tell you. Brand name T4 replacement is more reliable than your generic. ...Read more

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I have multinodular goiter, should I be concerned my latest ultrasound found a new lump that wasn't there last year? I am scheduled for a biopsy soon.

I have multinodular goiter, should I be concerned my latest ultrasound found a new lump that wasn't there last year? I am scheduled for a biopsy soon.

No: Concern regarding thyroid nodules varies by the size of the nodule, and appearance/characteristics seen on ultrasound. All new nodules have the same parameters. Just because it is new doesn't help us know if it is more/ less concerning. ...Read more

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My daughter is 18 and had an ultrasound which found a multinodular goiter she also has swollen lymph nodes but these look good on the ultrasound w?

My daughter is 18 and had an ultrasound which found a multinodular goiter she also has swollen lymph nodes but these look good on the ultrasound w?

Nodules: If the thyroid nodules are smaller than 10mm, than nothing other than followup may be needed. Otherwise further workup may be needed. Swollen lymph nodes should improve with time and followup examation or ultrasound would be warranted. If they dont improve, further workup can be done. Talk with your physician. ...Read more

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I have multinodular goiter. Only way i knew was my throat was tight. I had a ultrasound which showed 2 nodules and thyroid test are normal.?

I have multinodular goiter. Only way i knew was my throat was tight. I had a ultrasound which showed 2 nodules and thyroid test are normal.?

Structure/Function: Nodules are a structural abnormality and do not always correlate with the functional status of a thyroid gland. Someone with multiple nodules can have a thyroid that is overactive or underactive, but most have normal thyroid function, and normal lab tests. ...Read more

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I have had an MRI, Thyroid Ultrasound and now a CT w/ &w/o contrast. Determination, multinodular goiter. 2 complex one on each side. 1.6cm and 1.3cm..Am I correct in thinking these need to be biopsied? No thyroid cancer in family, but throat cancer, an

I have had an MRI, Thyroid Ultrasound and now a CT w/ &w/o contrast. Determination, multinodular goiter. 2 complex one on each side.  1.6cm and 1.3cm..Am I correct in thinking these need to be biopsied?  No thyroid cancer in family, but throat cancer,  an

If these are: discrete nodules, next step is fine needle aspiration. Depending on the size of the thyroid gland and other studies, you might need to undergo thyroidectomy. Consult with your endocrinologist for specific advice. Chances of these being cancer is probably low. ...Read more

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What is a multinodular goiter?

What is a multinodular goiter?

Large thyroid lumps: A 'goiter' refers to an enlarged thyroid gland. A multi-nodular goiter is usually diagnosed on an ultrasound scan when many lumps or 'nodules' are seen. Typically these are benign. 3 things to consider for nodular goiter: 1) big enough overall to cause problems with swallowing, voice, or breathing? 2) do nodules over-produce thyroid hormone? 3) are any of the larger or irregular nodules cancer? ...Read more

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How is the diagnosis of multinodular goiter made?

How is the diagnosis of  multinodular goiter made?

Exam or ultrasound: Sometimes the diagnosis can be made on the basis of the physical examination alone; in other cases an ultrasound of the thyroid may be required to demonstrate the multi nodular nature of the gland. ...Read more

Dr. Steve Martinez
306 doctors shared insights

Thyroid Enlargement (Definition)

Thyroid enlargement refers to a thyroid gland that is larger than normal. The thyroid gland is located in the front of the neck, below the Adam's apple, and may become enlarged due to hyper or hypo-thyroidism. An enlarged thyroid is also ...Read more


Goiter (Definition)

A goiter is ...Read more