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In genetics, a mutation is a change in the nucleotide sequence of the genome of an organism, virus, or extrachromosomal genetic element. Mutations result from unrepaired damage to dna or to RNA genomes (typically caused by radiation or chemical mutagens), from errors in the process of replication, or from the insertion or deletion of segments of dna ...Read more
Likely not much: The existing evidence does not support any strong connection between heterozygotes for either the c or a mutations of mthfr and poor pregnancy outcomes. Homozygotes may well be at greater risk. Depending on clinical history, different levels or surveillance and possible intervention can be considered. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Replication error: Most changes in dna come from errors in the duplication of the dna. But changes can occur in the structure from radiation and some chemicals especially those used in chemotherapy. Most mutations are harmless, some are tracked down by your normal reparative mechanism but a few can cause trouble including cancer. ...Read more
Does heterozygous for MTHFR gene mutation affect pregnancy?, and what about taking synthetic folic acid supplement?
Controversial...: Some studies have shown an association between the MTHFR gene mutation and recurrent miscarriages but this is controversial. Aside from this possibility, it doesn't cause problems with pregnancy. If you have this mutation, its a good idea to take folic acid, vitamin B-12 and Vitamen B-6. Aspirin is also sometimes recommended for women for who have had recurrent miscarriages. Best wishes! ...Read more
Gene Mutation: This is a mutation in one of the genes that help to process iron absorption. The mutation, if present in 2 copies, can cause too much iron to be absorbed. The excess iron then deposits in other organs and can cause disease - cirrhosis, diabetes, impotence. Having only one mutation may not lead to disease. You should discuss this with your doctor to see if you are at risk of developing disease. ...Read more
Mutations: A chromosome will contain many genes, so a chromosome mutation will effect many genes. A gene mutation will have an effect only on that gene. ...Read more
ALGS: Alagille syndrome (algs) is a complex multisystem disorder involving primarily the liver, heart, eyes, face, and skeleton. The two genes in which mutations are known to cause algs are jag1 and notch2. Mutations in jag1 are known to cause about 94%-96% of cases of algs. Mutations in notch2 are known to cause algs in 1%-2% of individuals. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Do all mthfr gene mutations benefit from folate over folic acid? Or certain stands? Is there different treatment for heterozygous v homozygous?
Yes.: In the most common situation it is inherited in an x-linked pattern, affecting hemizygous males (with one x chromosome) and heterozygous females (two x chromosomes, one with mutation). Less commonly it is inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern, in which a mutation must be provided by both the mother and the father of the affected person. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
basically yes: The mutation that causes sickle cell disease is a recessive mutation in that you need two copies of the changed gene to have the disease (or one copy plus another mutation on the other gene like beta thalassemia, hemoglobin c, hemoglobin e, etc). If you only have one copy, you have sickle cell trait. ...Read more