Doctor insights on:
Mother Is Single
Good question!: Twinning appears to have a genetic component that is expressed in women, but can be inherited from either parent! thus, a woman is at high risk of having twins if she has a family history of twins, while the family history of the biologic father appears to have little/no effect on his partner's risk of having twins. If he has a positive family history of twinning, he could pass it to his daughter. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
A 4 month old's hemoglobinopathy test is indeterminate. Mother is fa and father is aa ( both normal). Is the baby atrisk?
Not likely: This is a bit unusual. In a condition known as hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (hpfe) there is an elevated amount of fetal hemoglobin present. This is reported as af, as there is always more HGB a than f present, unless you have thalassemia trait as well. If mom is not anemic, shouldn't be a problem. Not sure what testing was done to demonstrate that dad is aa rather than a/thal though. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Depends: The fetus rapidly takes on a human form during the first trimester. The heart starts beating during this time as well. It depends upon your belief system as to when you think the fetus is more than living tissue. Some feel that the fetus has a soul at conception-thus rendering the fetus human. Others do not believe the fetus is human until born. Others feel the fetus is not human until viability. ...Read more
Depends: This depends on who you ask. Some have a personal opinion that life begins at conception, some at "reasonable expectation of viability", some at birth.Various states have their own legal definition of status.I don't expect the arguments to be resolved in my lifetime & i doubt there will ever be a consensus on the matter. ...Read more
Yes. : Ebstein's anomaly can vary in severity. Very mild forms are most of the times inconsequential. Severe forms may cause illness in early infancy, and sometimes require surgical repair. I'm assuming your doctor referred you to a pediatric cardiologist for a fetal echo. Ask about the severity of the ebsteins and the associated tricuspid regurgitation (valve leakage). Good luck. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Not hereditary: Anti-yo refers to an antibody that the immune system makes in response, typically, to some type of cancer in the body. That antibody then attacks parts of the nervous system (usually cerebellum). It is not related to any type of hereditary conditions. Your risk of developing it would be the same as the general population. I hope your mom is doing well. ...Read more
My grandmother has indolent Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Is this a risk factor for me. or is it only when a parent has it. ?
Low risk: Non Hodgkin's lymphoma, like most cancers, has a slight tendency to run in families. However, it's mostly just random chance that leads to the combination of mutations that cause the disease. Even identical twins are not at very high risk if the other gets it. So I would not worry about a history in grandparents. ...Read more
My younger sister has hepatitis b which is detected recently. her HBV DNA quantity is 18383. Is there a cure for this?
No: She would do well to manage it. There may be a cure someday. Thanks for asking ...Read more
Unclear..: Research on this is extremely varied, ranging from about 3% to nearly 50%. It does seem as though there's a strong likelihood of a mood disorder but it is unclear how much of this is genetic vs environmental. In other words, it's not a given but parents should keep an eye out for developing mood symptoms. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Coronary: The general coronary anatomy starts with the left main coronary artery and the right coronary artery. These two separate arteries branch into the rest. Rarely a person has only one and the right coronary branches off the left main. ...Read more
Yes: There is a gene that increases the chance of fraternal twins. This is not the most common reason for twins, though, so for most women twins is a random event, occurring about 1:100 pregnancies. Fertility treatment, of course, can increase this risk. Identical twins are not related to any gene. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Becoming Pregnant: Medicine does not answer this question in the way you ask. Until a female is no longer fertile (has gone into menopause) she is able to become pregnant. After aged 35 i believe that is when some of the genetics problems in some percent of pregnancies begin to increase. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
What is the percentage of oxygen is needed by a congenital heart disease patient? This patient is 3 month old.
Above 80: If a cyanotic heart lesion cannot be repaired yet, saturations are acceptable over 80. Sometimes if there are no good options for surgery due to size or other risk factors, upper 70's are tolerated. In the usa most will have sats in the mid 80s before complete repair. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer