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Doctor insights on: Most Common Congenital Heart Defects

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Dr. Barton Cook
217 doctors shared insights

Congenital Heart Disease (Definition)

Congenital heart disease includes heart problems/abnormalities present at birth. This can include septal defects (holes), abnormality of heart valves and rhythm ...Read more


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Are congenital heart defects usually deadly?

Are congenital heart defects usually deadly?

No: In fact, most babies with congenital heart disease are expected to reach adulthood. Some of the more severe lesions have up to a 30% mortality in the first year, however these are less common than the more treatable defects. ...Read more

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The most common cyanotic congenital heart defect is what?

The most common cyanotic congenital heart defect is what?

ToF/TGA: As other's mentioned, Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common form of cyanotic congenital heart disease in the US overall/after infancy. In some regions, transposition of the great arteries is the most common in the newborn period. ...Read more

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Are congenital heart defects hereditary?

Are congenital heart defects hereditary?

Depends on variables: There are a few syndromes with high frequency of specific heart defects that can have inheritance risk up to 50%. Most, however, are part of a complex inheritance pattern with around 5% risk.This 5% would include any pattern of congenital heart defect, not necessarily the same one. ...Read more

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What are common congenital heart diseases?

What are common congenital heart diseases?

Congenital defects: Some of the more frequent congenital heart defects include atrial septal defect, ventricular septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, and valvular stenosis or atresia. The most common complex heart defect is tetralogy of Fallot , which is a combination of four defects. ...Read more

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What are the common congenital heart diseases?

What are the common congenital heart diseases?

ASD and VSD: Atrial and ventricular septal defects are some of the most common. Mild problems with the valves are common too. In fact, small ventricular septal defects are, according to some studies, the most common congenital birth defect in all people. As always, consult with a cardiologist if you/someone you know is concerned about something. ...Read more

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Congenital heart diseases--what are most common and which are preventable?

Congenital heart diseases--what are most common and which are preventable?

Vsd very common: A ventricular septal defect , a hole in the wall between the 2 lower chambers, is fairly common. Prevention would involve avoiding medications during pregnancy and taking prenatal vitamins. ...Read more

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Pfo or atrial septum defect==are they the most common problems in infants of diabetics?

Pfo or atrial septum defect==are they the most common problems in infants of diabetics?

Maybe and no: I'm not a pediatric cardiologist and can't tell you definitively if they are the "commonest" problems in infants but, for sure, they're not nearly the commonest problem in patients with diabetes (whom i see everyday). Remember, newborns normally have patent foramen ovale which closes shortly (but may be delayed) after birth. ...Read more

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What's the most common type of congenital heart defect in diabetics?

What's the most common type of congenital heart defect in diabetics?

VSDs.: Ventricular septal defects are by far the most common congenital cardiac defects in general and in diabetics in particular. ...Read more

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Are congenital heart defects considered types of mitochondrial diseases?

Are congenital heart defects considered types of mitochondrial diseases?

Nope.: Most congenital heart defects can be prevented with Folic Acid preconceptionally and have nothing to do with mitochondrial disorders. ...Read more

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How common are babies born with congenital abnormalities?

How common are babies born with congenital abnormalities?

2--3%, up to 7%: The usual quoted rate is as low as 2-3%. However in one prospective study of the outcome of 5, 964 pregnancies the incidence rose to 7%! the cause of 40-60% of congenital anomalies in humans is unknown. These are referred to as sporadic, a term that implies an unknown cause, random occurrence regardless of maternal living conditions. ...Read more

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Are heart murmurs common in teens?

Are heart murmurs common in teens?

Yes: Many people are born with it. Many times it is benign and nothing need to be done. See a cardilogist. ...Read more

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Are congenital cataracts in babies of teenagers rare?

Are congenital cataracts in babies of teenagers rare?

Congenital Cat %: Congenital cataracts: cause 5%-20% of blindness in children worldwide. Incidence varies from country to country. Prevalence of infantile cataracts in the US: 3-4 visually significant cataracts per 10,000 live births. More info: eyedoc2020 blogspot com ...Read more

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Are heart murmurs usually congenital? What are some common defects that occur along with it?

Are heart murmurs usually congenital? What are some common defects that occur along with it?

Murmurs: A murmur simply means that blood can be heard flowing through the heart. A murmur is a physical exam finding, and can occur in normal hearts (in fact many children with normal hearts have murmurs). Common congenital heart defects that have murmurs include asds, vsd, and valve stenosis (specifically pulmonary valve). There are many defects so please discuss this with your physician if concerned. ...Read more

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What are the most common congenital deformities?

What are the most common congenital deformities?

See below:: 5 common types account for a quarter of the world's cases: >3 million children die of genetic birth defects by age 5, and almost as many may be permanently affected by their birth defectheart defects: neural tube defects (including spina bifida): blood disorders (such as sickle cell disease and thalassemia): down's syndrome and g6pd deficiency. >3 million children die of genetic defects by 5yrs. ...Read more

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What is the most common age at which a congenital heart disease presents by heart failure?

What is the most common age at which a congenital heart disease presents by heart failure?

2 months old: The most common forms of chd which is ventricular septal defects, if large enough and non-restrictive would cause congestive heart failure at 1-2 months of age. There are, however, forms of critical congenital heart disease that would present with chf, cyanosis, and/or shock within hours - few days after birth. ...Read more

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Are there any known causes of congenital heart defects?

Are there any known causes of congenital heart defects?

Some causes: Heredity some families have more than one generation with defects. Congenital syndromes such as Down syndrome, Holt-Oram, Trisomies 13 and 18. Smoking and alcohol abuse during pregnancy have been associated with heart defects. In most instances cause of heart defect not known. ...Read more

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Are heart valve abnormalities classified as birth defects?

Are heart valve abnormalities classified as birth defects?

Some: A bicuspid aortic valve or a prolapsing mitral valve are present from birth. Many other heart valve abnormalities are acquired, either through scarring from infection, calcium deposition, or mal-apposition due to dilatation of cardiac chambers, among other things. ...Read more

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