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Doctor insights on: Most Common Congenital Heart Defects

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Dr. Barton Cook
217 doctors shared insights

Congenital Heart Disease (Definition)

Congenital heart disease includes heart problems/abnormalities present at birth. This can include septal defects (holes), abnormality of heart valves and rhythm ...Read more


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Are congenital heart defects hereditary?

Are congenital heart defects hereditary?

Depends on variables: There are a few syndromes with high frequency of specific heart defects that can have inheritance risk up to 50%. Most, however, are part of a complex inheritance pattern with around 5% risk.This 5% would include any pattern of congenital heart defect, not necessarily the same one.

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Can you tell me about congenital heart defects?

Can you tell me about congenital heart defects?

Be more specific: Congenital heart defects are come in all types. Some common, some rare. Also, the prognosis and treatments can be very different. Please ask a more specific question, or see a doctor, .

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What are some signs of congenital heart defects?

What are some signs of congenital heart defects?

Lots of symptoms: Can be related to chd. Rhythm problems, dizziness, fainting, water accumulation in legs or torso, difficulty breathing, nightly cough, weakness..... And lots more.

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Does congenital heart defects lead to growth changes?

Does congenital heart defects lead to growth changes?

They can/some don't: Congenital heart defects include a number of conditions that vary greatly in their impact on final growth. The more severe the defect, the more likely it will require multiple surgeries and impair the bodies strength & growth. The cyanotic or blue baby group of defects are more likely to do this.Some defects, like the common small VSD self correct & seldom if ever alter the patients life.

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Are there any known causes of congenital heart defects?

Are there any known causes of congenital heart defects?

Some causes: Heredity some families have more than one generation with defects. Congenital syndromes such as Down syndrome, Holt-Oram, Trisomies 13 and 18. Smoking and alcohol abuse during pregnancy have been associated with heart defects. In most instances cause of heart defect not known.

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The most common cyanotic congenital heart defect is what?

The most common cyanotic congenital heart defect is what?

ToF/TGA: As other's mentioned, Tetralogy of Fallot is the most common form of cyanotic congenital heart disease in the US overall/after infancy. In some regions, transposition of the great arteries is the most common in the newborn period.

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Could congenital heart defects be diagnosed later on in life?

Could congenital heart defects be diagnosed later on in life?

Yes: Certain defects can be tolerated for many years and picked up later in life. Coarctation of the aorta is one, but many can be diagnosed later. Please consult with a physician if you have any concerns about the possible presence of a congenital heart defect.

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Question about possible toxins causing congenital heart defects?

Question about possible toxins causing congenital heart defects?

Yes they can: Alcohol intake during pregnancy is toxic to the fetus & heart defects have been associated with its use. Lithium, sometimes used for depression is associated with a specific defect. There are others. To produce a defect the toxin must be in play prior to 8 wks.

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Can you tell me about baby with the same congenital heart defects?

Can you tell me about baby with the same congenital heart defects?

Confusing question: Your question is not specific enough to answer. What about chd's are you asking about? Please start over.Questions are not linked on the site.

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I think my child may have congenital heart defects. What would that mean?

I think my child may have congenital heart defects. What would that mean?

A number of things: The prognosis for children with congenital heart defects really depends on the exact nature of the defect. Some are easily correctable by surgery, some don't need surgery at all and others need a series of more complicated surgeries. In any case keeping in close contact with your pediatrician and cardiologist is very important. Good nutrition will help your child heal well.

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Could congenital heart defects (one or more) be diagnosed later on in life?

Could congenital heart defects (one or more) be diagnosed later on in life?

Yes: Most congenital heart defects are diagnosed early in life. However, for many reasons, in some patients, a congenital heart defect may not be diagnosed until adulthood.

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Please tell me, could congenital heart defects be diagnosed later on in life?

Please tell me, could congenital heart defects be diagnosed later on in life?

Yes: The severe cases are diagnosed in kids. I have patients whose foramen ovale defects are diagnosed only now in their fifties, and only after an event that forces us to search deep into the problem. They were not diagnosed with usual echo and stress tests and thallium. So the answer is yes.

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What do I need to tell my fiance about my future health? I have congenital heart defects.

What do I need to tell my fiance about my future health? I have congenital heart defects.

Depends on what type: Congenital heart disease comes in many flavors from minor to serious heart problems. Discuss the specifics of your disease with your heart doctor, typical conversations with a loved on would include discussions of your ongoing health including possibly needing further surgery, and your plans for contraception or children, which you may be advised against having. See http://www.Achaheart.Org.

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Please tell me, could congenital heart defects (one or more) be diagnosed later on in life?

Please tell me, could congenital heart defects (one or more) be diagnosed later on in life?

Variable : Some congenital heart defects almost always present in the first few hours of life. Others, have a variable presentation and may present at any age. The most common standard congenital heart disease to present in adulthood is atrial septal defect. Bicuspid aortic valve also often presents in adulthood, and although it is a congenital anomaly, is not always included in the classification.

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Is it possible for congenital heart defects (one or more) to be diagnosed later on in life?

Is it possible for congenital heart defects (one or more) to be diagnosed later on in life?

Depends: This depends on the defect. Some can hide and some do not.It is common for someone to go a whole lifetime with a minor issue like a patent foramen ovale (some don't consider it a defect).Some issues like a trivial leaking mitral valve are only evident because of advanced technology (echocardiogram).Other issues like a misdirected plumbing or holes between chambers are found in childhood.

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Can you tell me how is a child is affected in daily life, from having congenital heart defects?

Can you tell me how is a child is affected in daily life, from having congenital heart defects?

Too vague: Congenital heart defect is an incredibly broad term, encompassing critical life-threatening & debilitating conditions as well as transient defects with no real clinical effect. The more severe defects may be irreparable or may require multiple surgeries & procedures with significant symptoms & activity restrictions. Conversely, mild defects may resolve or may not need any special consideration.

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Maybe I worry too much, but I want to know how congenital heart defects will affect my child's overall health.?

Maybe I worry too much, but I want to know how congenital heart defects will affect my child's overall health.?

Depends...: ...On what the disease is. Some are devastating, some are surgically correctable, and some get better without treatment and have no effect on longevity or health.

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Are congenital heart defects usually deadly?

Are congenital heart defects usually deadly?

No: In fact, most babies with congenital heart disease are expected to reach adulthood. Some of the more severe lesions have up to a 30% mortality in the first year, however these are less common than the more treatable defects.

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