Doctor insights on:
Most Childhood Cancers Originate From The
Childhood cancer: This is an intense area of current research. There are inherited syndromes that lead to pediatric cancer, but most cases are not. Studying patient tumors have found some mutations in dna, but why these happen we do not know. Is it a random error (bad luck, if you will) or an unknown genetic predisposition? A defect in gene regulation (epigenetic defect)? No evidence yet for exposure. ...Read more
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Unsure how to answer: Are you asking about a particular cancer? If so you need to ask a more specific question. If you're asking how you can eliminate childhood cancer in general the answers are: donate to childhood cancer research. Get your elected representatives to increase funding for the same. Decrease children's exposure to 2nd hand smoke and other carcinogens. Volunteer at your local children's hospital. ...Read more
It depends...: Usually the cancer itself does not affect height, but our treatments in order to achieve a cure can affect growth. This can be caused by both chemotherapy and radiation treatment, if this was a part of the treatment regimen. If you have further questions, I would take with the patient's oncologist, or if they have been off treatment for a while, get them to see a long term cancer specialist. ...Read more
Depends on age...: Some of the most common forms of childhood cancer in younger children are neuroblastoma, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (all), brain tumors, retinoblastoma and wilms tumor. Common adolescent cancers include all, rhabdomyosarcoma, osteosarcoma, ewings sarcoma and lymphomas (both hodgkin disease and non-hodgkin lymphoma). ...Read more
Variable based on Dx: Childhood cancer includes several different cancers. The outcomes are variable from one cancer to the other and so are the complications. Some common ones include risk of growth retardation, infertility and organ toxicities such as Heart damage or kidney damage in rare cases. Most of the complications are preventable or treatable. ...Read more
Numerous: Chemicals, pollutants, toxins, genetics, random bad luck, mutations...To name a few. ...Read more
Leukemia Most Common: In children (including ages 10-15 years old), Leukemias are the most common cause of cancer accounting for 33% of cases. Brain and other Central Nervous System tumors are the next most frequent accounting for 20% of childhood cancers. Additionally, cancers occur more commonly in boys whose rates are 20% higher than the rates for girls. Other cancers of note are Lymphomas, Bone, Kidney, and more. ...Read more
Other sources...: The st. Baldrick's foundation (http://www. Stbaldricks. Org), alex's lemonade stand foundation (http://www. Alexslemonade. Org), and hyundai hope on wheels (http://www. Hyundaihopeonwheels. Org) are other wonderful foundations helping support pediatric cancer research. ...Read more
Find what fits: Find a charity or organization that you believe in and donate what time or money you feel able to. Ther eis no one right answer, it will depnd on what you are willing and able to do. ...Read more
Unfortunately, they: All are. While the risks differ for separate malignancies, they all can leed to bad outcomes either from the cancer or treatment for it. The most common pediatric cancer, all, is also one with one of the best prognoses. However, because it is far more common than many other cancers, many deaths still occur because of it. Cancer kills more children than any other disease. This has to change! ...Read more
The field of: Pediatric neuropsychology really burgeoned when advances in chemotherapy improved survival in childhood cancers. "neuropsych" testing is ideal because it measures not only cognition & achievement, but also processing, memory, attention & executive functions (the "ceo" of the brain). Post-chemotherapy, a child qualifies for an individualized educational plan under public law idea age 3 & up. ...Read more
What are some ways to better fund the various forms of childhood cancer programs in the community?
Great question!: Cancer funding continues to decrease. If you can think of ways to fund childhood cancer programs, great! Most are funded through the national cancer institute or research grants. There are also foundations including the pediatric cancer foundation: www. Fastercure. Org. ...Read more
How can childhood cancer be detected earlier and how can pediatricians be made more aware to help this detection?
Special case: Wondering if this question was prompted by someone promoting urine screening for neuroblastoma. Many babies are both with neuroblastoma, a curious cancer that usually disappears by itself. Screening turned out to generate more problems (cost, upset people, chidren damaged by treatment) than it was worth for the (extremely few) lives saved. ...Read more
What is being done to prevent childhood cancer? I am doing a speech on childhood cancer and this would be very useful. Thank you
People who live healthy day to day lifestyles have a lower incidence of cancer throughout their lives. Beginning this education during childhood is essential. Many cancers are believed to be caused by a nutritional defiency or exposure to environmental pollution.
Factors such as choosing a healthy diet (rich in organic vegetables/fruits and antioxidant rich foods), maintaining an active lifestyle (exercise), getting adequate rest, healthy emotional relationships (decrease stress) and application of skin protection are steps adults/parents can take to decrease the risk of cancer in their child's life.
Best of luck in your speech! ...Read more
Many do: People's experiences and people's resilience differs. There's an nice review at http://www. Chop. Edu/service/oncology/pediatric-cancer-research/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-after-cancer. Html. ...Read more
Many late effects:
Childhood cancer treatments have many effects that will not be recognized until later in life. These range from infertility to heart disease to secondary leukemias. The effects depend on which medications were used in the treatment for cancer initially.
Many cancer have clinics set up to review a person's individual treatment for cancer and recommend a plan for following the potential effects. ...Read more
Several!: Currently over 80% of children diagnosed with cancer will be cured of their disease, due to advances in the treatment of common childhood cancers such as acute lymphoblastic leukemia; over 90% of children with that diagnosis are now cured. Many types of brain tumors, wilm's tumor, and lymphomas are also very curable. Metastatic bone and soft tissue tumors and neuroblastoma are still challenging. ...Read more
Adults get it too: While acute lymphoblastic leukemia (all) is the most common cancer in children, adults get it also. In fact, more adults each year are diagnosed with all than children. It is usually more difficult to treat when it occurs in adults compared to children. ...Read more
Anaplastic medullo: Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant brain tumor (or cancer) in children. Anaplastic medulloblastoma is a particular subtype of this disease. While almost all cases of medulloblastoma occur in children, this disease can also rarely occur in adults. ...Read more
Many effects: Although most children with cancer can be successfully treated. However, cancer treatment and diagnosis can cause side effects called late effects. Emotional effects such as anxiety, depression, and fear of recurrence can occur in cancer survivor. Depending on the therapies they received, they can also have learning disability and memory lose, specially in children received cranial irradiation. ...Read more
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