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Doctor insights on: Mitral Valve Vegetation

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What is a mitral valve?

What is a mitral valve?

One of 4 heart valve: The mitral valve is one of the 4 heart valves found in the heart. These valves keep blood moving one direction rather than back and forth as the heart contracts. The mitral valve is so named as it looks like the pope's hat (a mitre). The mitral valve separates the left atrium and the left ventricle. ...Read more

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Dr. Qamar Khan
1 Doctor shared a insight

Valve (Definition)

A valve is a structure that regulates the direction of flow. The heart is a special kind of pump. It moves blood by squeezing and relaxing. There are 4 chambers and each chamber has a valve. This keeps blood from moving backwards when the heart squeezes. When a chamber squeezes it lets the blood move forward but when the chamber is relaxed it prevents the blood from ...Read more


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Where is the mitral valve?

Where is the mitral valve?

Left side: Left side of the heart between top left chamber (atrium) and bottom left chamber (ventricle). ...Read more

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What's the mitral valve's purpose?

What's the mitral valve's purpose?

Backflow: The mv prevents blood from backing up into the lungs during left ventricular contraction. ...Read more

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What is the function of mitral valve?

Mitral valve: The mitral valve has to open properly to let blood flow into the left ventricle from the atrium. If it doesn't, we call this stenosis. It has to close to keep the blood flowing toward the body, if it doesn't we call this regurgitation or insufficiency. Either or both problems can exist with the valve if its abnormal. Insufficiency is more common. ...Read more

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How can the mitral valve be replaced?

How can the mitral valve be replaced?

Many options: Depending on pts age as well as the characteristics of the valve, there are many options. Mitral valve repair -using the pts own valve and perhapse a ring. Mv replacement-the whole valve is replaced by either a mechnical valve pig valve or a bioprosthetic. Another new technology involves catheter based options such as a clip. All types have pros and cons including possible Coumadin (warfarin) therapy. ...Read more

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What is the normal are of the mitral valve?

Mitral valve: The mitral valve has to open properly to let blood flow into the left ventricle from the atrium. If it doesn't, we call this stenosis. It has to close to keep the blood flowing toward the body, if it doesn't we call this regurgitation or insufficiency. Either or both problems can exist with the valve if its abnormal. Insufficiency is more common. ...Read more

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Where do you hear mitral valve?

Where do you hear mitral valve?

Under left nipple: Well, the point of maximal impulse of the heart, that is where we feel and can see the heart contract, is called the mitral area. The sound made by the valve closing is usually loudest at that point. It is usually just below the left nipple but could be displaced if the heart is enlarged. The valve sound can be heard in other areas but is not as loud. ...Read more

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What is mitral valve disease like?

What is mitral valve disease like?

Mitral valve: The mitral valve has to open properly to let blood flow into the left ventricle from the atrium. If it doesn't, we call this stenosis. It has to close to keep the blood flowing toward the body, if it doesn't we call this regurgitation or insufficiency. Either or both problems can exist with the valve if its abnormal. Insufficiency is more common. ...Read more

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Is mitral valve disease hereditary?

Mitral valve disease: Some types of mitral valve disease is hereditary, but more accurately it may run in families. So often we see people in the same family that have the same problem such as a leaky mitral valve. However ther are often individuals that have no relatives with mitral valve disease that develop problems. Sorry hope this helps. ...Read more

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How do people get mitral valve leaks?

How do people get mitral valve leaks?

Many reasons: There are many causes of leaking mital valves. This can include wear and tear of the valve, infection of the valve, history of rheumatic fever, dilated heart failure, heart attacks, damage to anchoring chords to the valve, and birth defects. Mitral valve prolapse is a condition where the leaflets bulge out when it closes. This can sometimes lead to a leaking valve as well. ...Read more

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What is the structure of mitral valve?

What is the structure of mitral valve?

Not just the leaflet: The mitral valve has two leaflets that open and shut. However, there is an important supporting structure. The leaflets attach to thin chordae tendinae, dental floss-like chords that connect leaflets to papillary muscles. The pap muscles are bands of muscle tissue arising from the wall of the heart, whose contraction and relaxation transmit force to the leaflets. ...Read more

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Does a mitral valve repair last forever?

Does a mitral valve repair last forever?

Depends: Depends on the age of the patient, previous pathology of the valve, final result after surgery, other medical conditions of the patient and so on. Typically repair is done for the mitral valve. In hands of a good surgeon, the right patient could have a very good, long lasting result. But as they say, nothing lasts forever! ...Read more

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Where does blood go after the mitral valve?

Where does blood go after the mitral valve?

Mitral valve: After crossing the mitral valve blood flows into the left ventricle and then pushed across the aortic valve into the aorta and to the systemic circulation. ...Read more

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What is rheumatic mitral valve obstruction?

What is rheumatic mitral valve obstruction?

MitralValve stenosis: There are 4 valves in the heart. The mitral valve is between the left atrium and left ventricle, and is the valve most often damaged by rheumatic heart disease (rheumatic fever after strep infections). Damage to the mitral valve causes its 2 flaps to thicken, stiffen, come closer together, and/or get attached to one another, leaving a smaller opening in the center of the valve, thus blocking flow. ...Read more

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What is a lesion on the mitral valve called?

What is a lesion on the mitral valve called?

Vegetation: There are many types of lesions affecting the mitral valve but the question suggests you are asking about a vegetation protruding from the edge of the valve leaflet typically caused by bacterial infection like bacterial endocarditis. ...Read more

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Any sugestions for mitral valve repair pain?

Any sugestions for mitral valve repair pain?

Incisional pain?: I'm guessing you mean incisional pain. Most patients require some form of narcotic pain medication for the first two weeks after surgery. Sometimes an anti inflammatory medication is added for additional pain relief. ...Read more

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What are the tests for mitral valve disease?

What are the tests for mitral valve disease?

Mitral valve disease: This is tested by listening to the heart--most common and perhaps by an echocardiogram as well. ...Read more

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Is a mild leakage in the mitral valve serious?

Mitral insufficiency: Mild mitral insufficiency is a common finding on echocardiography and often stays stable. Having said this, depending on the patients status mild mitral insufficiency can progress if it is being caused by an ongoing process. Best to ask your Dr about your particular circumstance. ...Read more