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Doctor insights on: Mild Azotemia

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What is azotemia?

What is azotemia?

Azotemia: Azotemia refers to a state where a person's blood levels of nitrogenous compounds such as urea and creatinine are abnormally high. ...Read more

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What is the difference between uremia and azotemia?

What is the difference between uremia and azotemia?

AZOTEMIA is the : Early stage while uremia/ kidney failure is the end stage of kidney disease. In the former, the condition can be caused by dehydration, medication side effect, insufficient water intake, certain medical conditions etc while the latter is caused/ contributed by uncontrolled hypertension, diabetes, liver disease, extreme shock, sepsis/blood infection etc rx-. Hemodialysis and/or kidney transplant. ...Read more

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What is the difference between uremia and azotemia ?

What is the difference between uremia and azotemia ?

Almost synonyms.: Both words refer to what happens when the kidneys fail to function fully and urea, creatinine, and other nitrogenous waste products build up in the blood. Uremia refers mainly to urea, so it is considered less precise. Azotemia comes from the greek root azote or nitrogen, and describes an excess of nitrogen-containing compounds in the blood. ...Read more

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Is azotemia a kind of infectious disease?

Is azotemia a kind of infectious disease?

No: Azotemia causes high levels of nitrogen-containing compounds. ...Read more

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What are the treatment options for azotemia?

Azotemia: See: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/238545-treatment

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Why is lactulose used for a patient who has azotemia?

Why is lactulose used for a patient who has azotemia?

If liver problems: Lactulose is a poorly absorbable carbohydrate, causes gas, bloat, diarrhea; changes pH in bowel, affects bacteria; causes less ammonia production which somehow affects thought process, mentation in patients with chronic liver disease who can't clear these chemicals as well as norm. Sometimes given for chronic constipation. Sorbitol works similarly, cheaper, found in sugarless candies, mints, gu. ...Read more

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What is the relationship between prerenal azotemia and ATN?

What is the relationship between prerenal azotemia and ATN?

Here are some...: Pre-renal azotemia denotes elevation of BUN & creatinine resulting from decreased ability of blood flow to pass through kidneys for effective filtration caused by low blood volume for BP commonly secondary to dehydration or blood loss. If duration and degree of the mentioned conditions last and/or worsen, microscopic change in severe damage (necrosis) fine kidney filtrating tubules ensue - ATN. ...Read more

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I did a blood tests and I have the azotemia to 44, in the norm but however high. What is the reason? What are the risks?

I did a blood tests and I have the azotemia to 44, in the norm but  	
however high. What is the reason? What are the risks?

Incomplete info: Is it that your blood urea level is 44 when upper limit of normal is 40? How did you do the test? What is the creatinine level? What was your state of hydration? It would be prudent to see a doctor to assess your kidney function. ...Read more

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Does urine specific gravity increase or decrease in post-renal azotemia ? And what about pre renal ?

Does urine specific gravity increase or decrease in post-renal azotemia ? And what about pre renal ?

Depends : In pre renal azotemia if due dehydration or volume depletion, specific gravity should be high but depends on baseline kidney functions like any underlying kidney disease. I am not sure what you meant by post renal azotemia- in general someone passing lots of urine and is clear, specific gravity should be low as it is likely to be dilute urine; but are some exceptions. ...Read more