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Doctor insights on: Mild Adrenal Insufficiency

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What is adrenal insufficiency?

What is adrenal insufficiency?

Low adrenal function: The adrenal glands make a number of different hormones, most importantly cortisol. When a person's adrenals cannot make normal amounts of cortisol, they are diagnosed with adrenal insufficiency, or failure. This can be due to a problem in the adrenals (infection, tumor, bleeding, auto-immune destruction) or in the pituitary or parts of the brain that control the adrenals. ...Read more

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Dr. David Geffner
254 doctors shared insights

Addison's Disease (Definition)

Chronic adrenal insufficiency. You may consult this site for more information on this topic. http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/addisons-disease/home/ovc-20155636 For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Drink enough water daily, so that your urine is mostly colorless. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco, alcohol, weed or street drugs in any ...Read more


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What causes adrenal insufficiency?

What causes adrenal insufficiency?

Multiple causes: Infections of the gland by bacteria, including meningococcus and tb, metastatic tumors and primary tumors of adrenals, metabolic disorders, e.g., congenital adrenal hyperplasia, lack of pituitary stimulation, amyloid infiltration and sudden stoppage of steroid treatment etc. ...Read more

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Is adrenal insufficiency hereditary?

Is adrenal insufficiency hereditary?

It can be.: One cause of adrenal insufficiency, addison's disease, is an auto-immune disorder. The immune system mistakenly makes antibodies targeting one or more proteins in the adrenal cortex, and winds up destroying the adrenal cortex, so that the adrenals can no longer make cortisol, or other hormones. As is true for most auto-immune disorders, a tendency to develop addison's can run in families. ...Read more

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What is acute adrenal insufficiency?

What is acute adrenal insufficiency?

Low cortisol : It generally means acute (recent) drop in adrenal gland hormonal production namely cortisol, a very important and life sustaining steroid. There are many reason why some one can develop ai. Autoimmune, infection, acute illness and trauma are a few examples. Need to discuss with an endocrinologist if there is need for hormonal replacement. ...Read more

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How is adrenal insufficiency treated?

How is adrenal insufficiency treated?

HRT: Hormone replacement: Hydrocortisone (some use Prednisone or dexamethasone) possibly Fludrocortisone in addition. These are given orally to replace the cortisol and aldosterone no longer made in sufficient amounts. ...Read more

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What exactly is adrenal insufficiency?

See below: http://endocrine.niddk.nih.gov/pubs/addison/addison.aspx Pease visit the web address given above as the issue is too complicated to answer in 400 characters. ...Read more

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What exactly is adrenal insufficiency?

Adrenal cortex loss: Hi. Adrenal deficiency refers to Addison's disease, primary adrenal cortical failure, where the body is deficient in two vital adrenal cortical steroid hormones, cortisol and aldosterone. Central/pituitary adrenal insufficiency is deficient only in cortisol (not aldosterone). Cortisol is a vital "stress" hormone, and is necessary for life in the long run and the acute physiologic stress setting. ...Read more

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How is adrenal insufficiency diagnosed?

How is adrenal insufficiency diagnosed?

Stimulation Test: Cortisol levels vary widely between individuals, and by time of day and are affected by illness. So random levels may not be helpful. A stimulation test with an injection of Cortrosyn to make the adrenals release cortisol is used. Blood is drawn just before, and 30 and 60 minutes after the Cortrosyn injection. Stimulated levels above 18-20 usually indicate normal adrenal function. ...Read more

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How do you treat adrenal insufficiency?

Steroid replacements: The adrenal gland produces more than one type of steroid . In adrenal crisis, the patient needs intravenous fluids, intravenous steroids and rest-true crisis to be treated in a hospital setting. With cortisol deficiency, cortisol replacement is needed.-accomplished with hydrocortisone, Prednisone etc..A deficiency of adrenal mineralcorticoid production or aldosterone, Fludrocortisone is treatment. ...Read more

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Dr. Hirenkumar Italia
129 doctors shared insights

Addisonian Crisis (Definition)

Addisonian or acute adrenal crisis is a life-threatening condition that occurs when there is not enough cortisol, a hormone produced by the adrenal glands. It can manifest with fatigue, nausea, poor appetite, fever, joint pain, fatigue, coma, or seizure. Addison's disease is usually treated ...Read more


Dr. Cayce Jehaimi
372 doctors shared insights

Adrenal Insufficiency (Definition)

Adrenal insufficiency is either an absent or abnormally low production and/or secretion of hormones produced by the adrenal gland. Hormones produced by the adrenal glands include those involved with salt regulation, sugar metabolism, and sex hormones ...Read more