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Doctor insights on: Microscopic Examination Of Urine

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Urine (Definition)

Urine is the product of the kidneys, which is produced to eliminate the waste products of metabolism, manage body fluid balance, &maintain acid-base balance. The blood is first filtered by the kidneys, and the composition of the resulting fluid is then altered depending on the body's needs. It is composed of mostly water, and breakdown products from blood cells impart ...Read more


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What's the significance of a cloudy urine specimen?

What's the significance of a cloudy urine specimen?

Not much: While it could be infection (UTI) it could just be debri or phosphates. If you're not having any other symptoms probably no issue. www.peedoc.com. ...Read more

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What causes microscopic blood in urine and an abnormal pap?

What causes microscopic blood in urine and an abnormal pap?

Various: It would be very rare that they are related but it depends on whether there has been regular pap smear screening up until now and whether there has been a previous significant cervical precancer or cancer. If a woman has been getting regular screening and no previous serious history, they're probably not related. ...Read more

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Fever and urine in orange color -pus cells are 8-10/Hpf and epithelial cells are 6-7/Hpf in complete urine examination.

Fever and urine in orange color -pus  cells are 8-10/Hpf and epithelial cells are 6-7/Hpf in complete urine examination.

See answer: Your urinalysis may be indicative of either a urinary tract infection or normal vaginal contamination. The presence of only leukocytes (WBCs) in the urine has a poor predictive (<45%) probability for UTI and has resulted in unnecessary administration of antibiotics to one third to one half of treated patients. A urine culture is recommended and is the gold standard for the diagnosis of a UTI. ...Read more

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What can be the cause of haematuria, polyurea and in urine microscopy pus cells(10 in number) epithelial cells, leucocytes?

What can be the cause of haematuria, polyurea and in urine microscopy pus cells(10 in number)  epithelial cells, leucocytes?

Could be infection: Sounds like it could be a Urinary Tract Infection (UTI) But there are other possibilities. UTI's often show blood cells in the urine (hematuria) & leukocytes (white blood cells=pus=pyuria) are also present. However epithelial cells (skin cells) in a urine specimen can indicate that the urine specimen was not properly collected & has some cells from outside the urinary tract, too. Ask your doc. ...Read more

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What are the tests done for identification of cause of uti except urinalysis and cystoscopy?

What are the tests done for identification of cause of uti except urinalysis and cystoscopy?

UTI: The most important test would be a culture so the involved bacteria is identified. Knowing its sensitivity will allow for the proper antibiotics to be used. ...Read more

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Urin analysis presence of casts what it means?

Urin analysis presence of casts what it means?

Kidney disease: With the exception of hyaline casts, urinary casts represent kidney disease. Please consult your doctor for proper evaluation, as all lab results need to interpreted in the clinical context. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: urinalysis microscopic exam shows pus cells?

What is the definition or description of: urinalysis microscopic exam shows pus cells?

See below: Pus cells or pyuria refers to white blood cells in the urine. Normally, the number should not exceed 5 per high power field. It may indicate the presence of bacteria in the urine or a urinary tract infection depending on whether there are symptoms. Please consult your primary care doctor for treatment. ...Read more

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How do urine tests show the presence of pyelonephritis?

They don't : They show that the urine is infected but not whether that is in the kidney or just the bladder. ...Read more

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Urine analysis for UTI showed trace bacteria and small amount of protein. What can cause protein?

Urine analysis for UTI showed trace bacteria and small amount of protein. What can cause protein?

Kidney disease?: Proteinuria can be an early sign of medical kidney diseases. A nephrologist can help with some further testing. ...Read more

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Reasons for trace amount of blood in urine without infection?

Reasons for trace amount of blood in urine without infection?

There Are Many: You need to see your doctor or a nephrologist who can take an accurate history, perform a through physical exam, and do a few simple tests to narrow the possibilities, . ...Read more

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In urine analysis microscopy is "nad" means ejsy?

In urine analysis microscopy is "nad" means ejsy?

Unclear question: What is ejsy? Urine microscopy may not be done if screening test results do not show an abnormality. Nad usually means, "no abnormality detected". ...Read more

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What are symptoms of bladder cancer? Lot of pain detected trace of blood in urine

What are symptoms of bladder cancer? Lot of pain detected trace of blood in urine

Blood: Blood in the urine,whether visible or a trace on dipstick,is the most common way bladder tumors present.If you have blood in your urine you need to see a doctor and get it checked.Best wishes. ...Read more

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Intermittent terminal hematuria,but dipstick negative. Could microscopic urianalysis reveal bladder cancer? If urianalysis negative, what other cause?

Intermittent terminal hematuria,but dipstick negative. Could microscopic urianalysis reveal bladder cancer? If urianalysis negative, what other cause?

Cysto: Terminal hematuria is likely from bladder or urethra. Has your doctor suggested cystoscopy? I would not be worried about bladder cancer in a 25 year old but giving you a cause would be guessing. Best wishes. ...Read more

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What can microscopic blood in urine mean?

What can microscopic blood in urine mean?

Hematuria...: Per aua guidelines of 2012, if you have >3 red blood cells in a urine sample and are over age 35, you should see a urologist for a work up. If you are younger than 35, the urologist may choose to observe you or work you up, depending on your risk factors. The standard work up consists of a triple-phase ct scan and cystoscopy (a camera in the bladder). This standardized work up determines cause. ...Read more

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Can a simple urine analysis, urine culture or semen analysis report detects HIV infections/bacteria or stds?

Can a simple urine analysis, urine culture or semen analysis report detects HIV infections/bacteria or stds?

Std: All std diseases including hiv, can be easily diagnosed by blood test or a urethral swab. Urine or semen analysis are not recommended to screen for std's. ...Read more

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The chemical examination of my urine sample says positive albumin and the microscopical examination says many sperms, what does this mean?

The chemical examination of my urine sample says positive albumin and the microscopical examination says many sperms, what does this mean?

Get evaluated.: The presence of sperms on microscopic analysis of the urine is not necessarily abnormal, & can occur if you gave your sample after recent ejaculation. If you are experiencing problems with ejaculation, get evaluated. More importantly, the presence of Albumin in the urine may be abnormal. Usually, the kidneys prevent such proteins from entering the urine. Followup with your primary care physician. ...Read more

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Is urine test included in annual medical examination?

Sometimes: Do you mean a routine urinalysis or a drug screen? Although a routine urinalysis seldom shows up anything important in folks without symptoms we still do them a lot. We'd never do a drug test in an annual pe unless you asked--unless your employer is paying for it and asks for a urine to be sent to their lab. ...Read more

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In my general urine examination ,my Pus Cells seems : 8-10 HPF , what does it means ?

In my general urine examination ,my Pus Cells seems : 8-10 HPF , what does it means ?

Low grade infection: Do a repest, midstrweam urine analysis and bacterial culture. You must be rechecked. ...Read more

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After an Urine Routine examination my answer sheet was saying: PRO +1 but GLU,ERY & LEU were negative. What does this mean? Should i be worried?

After an Urine Routine examination my answer sheet was saying: 
 PRO +1 but GLU,ERY & LEU were negative. What does this mean? Should i be worried?

Proteinuria : This finding would be called proteinuria, or protein in the urine. At times, this can simply be a benign finding. Your first step would be to repeat the urinalysis to see if there is still a protein in the urine. If there is, then blood testing, a 24 hour urine collection and ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder would be your next step. ...Read more

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I had a medical examination few days ago, protein in urine was +1, what that means?

I had a medical examination few days ago, protein in urine was +1, what that means?

We'll find out: Your physician knows how to follow this up knowing about your overall health and life. Orthostatic proteinuria, the most common cause, is diagnosed by having you empty your bladder before you go to bed, and finding the protienuria is gone on first-voided morning specimen. Other proteinuria can be more worrisome if persistent. ...Read more

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I get often pain just above my pubic bone and it is uncomfortablr. I have done my urine examination and it is all clear. What can it be?

I get often pain just above my pubic bone and it is uncomfortablr. I have done my urine examination and it is all clear. What can it be?

Several things: could cause pain in this area, not just bladder. Your ovaries and uterus need to be checked, and if they are OK you should be checked for a hernia. Also if you have had any injury or are athletic, there are tendons and ligaments there that could be strained by certain movements. ...Read more

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The chemical examination of my urine sample says positive albumin and the microscopical examination says many sperms, what does this mean?

Get evaluated.: The presence of sperms on microscopic analysis of the urine is not necessarily abnormal, & can occur if you gave your sample after recent ejaculation. If you are experiencing problems with ejaculation, get evaluated. More importantly, the presence of Albumin in the urine may be abnormal. Usually, the kidneys prevent such proteins from entering the urine. Followup with your primary care physician. ...Read more

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In my urine examination i hv PUS cells 20-25 hpf and EP cells 3-5 hpf...can u tell me its normal or not and hv infection wht type of infection it has?

In my urine examination i hv PUS cells 20-25 hpf and EP cells 3-5 hpf...can u tell me its normal or not and hv infection wht type of infection it has?

Not Sure: A urine in a female is difficult to evaluate because of contamination of it by skin and vaginal conditions. You have some epithelial cells which means some contamination but you have significant pus (WBC) cells which indicate infection either from bladder, skin or vagina. With urinary infection you often have urgency, frequency and burning. With vaginal you may have discharge, odor, burn or itch. ...Read more

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Kindly interpret my urine analysis micro examination :- pus cells:1-2/hpf, rbc:nil, epi cells : +/hpf, bacteria : +?

Probably normal: With respect to predicting the presence or absence of a urinary tract infection, dipstick urinalysis is often unreliable especially in women because of contamination of the urine specimen with vaginal cells and bacteria. I would consider your u/a fairly unremarkable unless you have symptoms of a UTI in which case a urine culture should be done. ...Read more

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Fever and urine in orange color -pus cells are 8-10/Hpf and epithelial cells are 6-7/Hpf in complete urine examination.

See answer: Your urinalysis may be indicative of either a urinary tract infection or normal vaginal contamination. The presence of only leukocytes (WBCs) in the urine has a poor predictive (<45%) probability for UTI and has resulted in unnecessary administration of antibiotics to one third to one half of treated patients. A urine culture is recommended and is the gold standard for the diagnosis of a UTI. ...Read more

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I have crystals in my urine examination ++ with uncomfortable feeling in my bladder (visiting the bath for several times in the day) what can I do?

I have crystals in my urine examination ++ with uncomfortable feeling in my bladder (visiting the bath for several times in the day) what can I do?

Lot of water: You should drink enough water so that your urine is watery, colorless and odorless. it may not reduce the need to go to the bathroom but will help in avoiding the formation of kidney stones. ...Read more

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Hello sir, my father age is 46 . His urine examination report is transparency Hazy, sugar ++++, Albumin Trace, pus cell is 8-10/HPF. What does it mean?

Hello sir, my father age is 46 . His urine examination report is transparency Hazy, sugar ++++, Albumin Trace, pus cell is 8-10/HPF. What does it mean?

Diabetes?: Why was the urine done, could be an infection but the glucose suggests that his blood sugar is high. The albumin can mean some kidney disease. You GP can work it out with all the information ...Read more

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I had hypertension for a year and feel dizzy. I have done urine examination and find high URO and epithelial cell(2+). Are they related? How to cure?

I had hypertension for a year and feel dizzy. I have done urine examination and find high URO and epithelial cell(2+). Are they related? How to cure?

The urine: does not sound abnormal and the hypertension can be CONTROLLED thus avoiding heart and kidney disease! The dizziness is not usually a symptom of hypertension (rather it is associated with low blood pressure) so discuss this with your PCP (Primary Care Provider) Hope this helps! Dr Z ...Read more

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Urine examination pH acid, protein trace, glucose nil, 2-3 wbc@hpt please is the test ok?

Urine examination pH acid, protein trace, glucose nil, 2-3 wbc@hpt please is the test ok?

WBC's & UTI: A clean catch urine usually does not contain wbc's, which may indicate a sign of asymptomatic bacteria in the urine(urinary tract infection). The urine can be sent to a lab for culture & sensitivity to see if any bacteria will grow to confirm or not the possible infection. ...Read more

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I am 25yrs old female.4 months pregnt now.Been diagnosed with multiple kidney stones.7mm, 5mm. Urine examination show 18-22 rbc. Having severe pain.Help?

I am 25yrs old female.4 months pregnt now.Been diagnosed with multiple kidney stones.7mm, 5mm. Urine examination show 18-22 rbc. Having severe pain.Help?

Go to the ER as : You need to be treated by a urologist to either bust up the stones or you may need the ureters stinted but u need some type of treatment now and u need pain meds. ...Read more

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Chemical test: 10-25 leuko/ul in urine, microscopic test: 2-3 leuko cells per field, is it normal?

Chemical test: 10-25 leuko/ul in urine, microscopic test: 2-3 leuko cells per field, is it normal?

It depends!: Pyuria would be more than 5 white cells per high power field; that being said, even with pyuria, the diagnosis of UTI depends on the presence of symptoms (the burning or pain during urination, frequency, or incontinence). Guidelines clearly state not to treat asymptomatic bacteriuria or pyuria, except in very specific cases. ...Read more

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