Doctor insights on:
Metastatic Malignant Melanoma Treatment
Skin is the largest and one of the most complex organs in the body composed of hundreds of different structures. Nearly any of these elements can degenerate into cancer. However the three most common are: basal cell, squamous cell and melanoma which occur in that order and degree of aggressiveness. Although heredity plays a major role, sun exposure and tobacco use & ...Read more
Yes and No: Certain genetic conditions may predispose someone to malignant melanoma. But there are certainly things that can be done to boost one's immune system to fight cancers. And those with irregular moles should be seen at least yearly by their doctor or dermatologist to remove suspicious moles. Therefore, preventing a metastatic process. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Are carcinoid tumors carcinoma? Is malignant metastatic stomach carcinoma that's hereditary a carcinoid cancer? carcinoid Neuroendocrine tumors?
Genetic component?: There could be genetic component to a squamous cell cancer, although the exact implications on treatment aren't known. Obviously if there is a strong family history of cancers, or if it strikes someone who is young and/or a non smoker/drinker i would suspect a strong genetic contribution. Without more details, it is hard to say with any certainty. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Possible: But less than 20% survive 5 years. Depends on where the metastases are and how numerous and size. Solitary liver mets without evidence elsewhere in the body can be cured with a liver resection. Diffuse mets to numerous body parts rarelyare curable. ...Read more
Depends: Some cancers are curable with today's chemotherapy even if they have spread extensively. Others (for example, the common lung cancers) may someday be curable when they have reached stage iv, but not today. I've just seen reports of possible cures of stage IV colon and stomach cancers; i'm hopeful. ...Read more
Unfortunately: Metastatic disease (also known as stage 4) is usually not curable by todays treatments. Although use of chemotherapy may improve survival and may rarely put someone into a temporary remission the disease usually returns or more often does not go away and eventually progresses and the patient will eventually succumb to it. ...Read more
Many: The treatment for melanoma involves removing the primary site with a margin depending on the depth of the melanoma. In addition for high risk lesion a sentinel lymph node biopsy is performed. If these lymph node contains melanoma the remainder of the lymph nodes are removed from that basin. Treatment for distant disease can involve surgery, chemotherapy and or immunotherapy. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Prostate cancer: This is an advanced stage of prostate cancer; the good news is there are many new drugs and treatments for men in this stage that have been shown to extend life; in this stage survival is extremely variable from months to years isn't impossible. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Hepatocellular carcinoma.All spleen and partial liver resection.Later,secondary systemic cancer metastasis.any targeted therapy or immunotherapy?
Yes, for both: Hepatocellular Carcinoma is commonly treated with Sorafenib which is a type of targeted therapy. This is a good choice of treatment in case you have not yet received this drug. Immunotherapy using PD-1 inhibitors has also shown some modest evidence of benefit although it is not yet FDA approved for this indication. Ask your oncologist to guide your treatment further. ...Read more
Colon surgery:tumor size=2cm.Pathologic staging(pt3, n1b, mx).2/17 lymph nodes show metastatic.Margins of resection free of carcinoma.Need chemotherapy?
Yes: Chemotherapy regimens based on the drug Fluorouracil (5-fu) have been part of the treatment for high-risk stage ii or stage iii colon cancer. Many clinical trials have shown that these regimens improve overall survival primarily by reducing the high risk of recurrence within the first two years after surgery. ...Read more
Malignant melanoma is a cancer that begins usually in the pigmented cells (melanocytes) of the skin. It is generally considered the most dangerous form of skin cancer. Most cases are localized and caught fairly early but some people will develop widespread ...Read more
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