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Doctor insights on: Metabolic Acidosis Hypokalemia

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Why does respiratory alkalosis cause hypokalemia while metabolic acidosis causes hyperkalemia?

Why does respiratory alkalosis cause hypokalemia while metabolic acidosis causes hyperkalemia?

Potassium shift: the concentration of electrolytes in the body and blood stream are very complex. The body strives to maintain normal concentrations of potassium, acid, as well as electrical charge. Acidosis causes a build up of hydrogen and cells will shift hydrogen and potassium to prevent acid buildup as a result potassium goes up, the reverse occurs when alkalosis happens ...Read more

Dr. Fred McCurdy
60 doctors shared insights

Metabolic Acidosis (Definition)

Metabolic acidosis occurs either from primary acid retention, renal (kidney) dysfunction/failure or bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) losses. Primary acid retentions cause anion-gap metabolic acidosis from these etiologies (methanol, uremia, diabetic ketoacidosis, para-aldehyde, isoniazid, lactic acidosis, ethylene glycol, salicylates). Kidney's dysfunction leads to acidosis. Finally any loss ...Read more


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What symptoms characterize metabolic acidosis?

See below: Metabolic acidosis can be detected by blood teasts. Patients can present with kussmauls breathing which is deep ventilation or breathing. Some patients have abdominal pain blood tests show a low bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) level and a low co2 level seen on blood gases.This is a serious condition with many causes, commonly seen with diabetic ketoacidosis. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms common to metabolic acidosis?

See below: Metabolic acidosis can be detected by blood teasts. Patients can present with kussmauls breathing which is deep ventilation or breathing. Some patients have abdominal pain blood tests show a low bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) level and a low co2 level seen on blood gases.This is a serious condition with many causes, commonly seen with diabetic ketoacidosis. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: metabolic acidosis?

What is the definition or description of: metabolic acidosis?

Decreased pH: Metabolic acidosis occurs either from primary acid retention, renal (kidney) dysfunction/failure or bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) losses. Primary acid retentions cause anion-gap metabolic acidosis from these etiologies (methanol, uremia, diabetic ketoacidosis, para-aldehyde, isoniazid, lactic acidosis, ethylene glycol, salicylates). Kidney's dysfunction leads to acidosis. Finally any loss of bicarb (diarrhea etc). ...Read more

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Need expert help here. What are some ways of treating metabolic acidosis?

Need expert help here. What are some ways of treating metabolic acidosis?

Correct the problem: Metabolic acidosis from renal tubular disease is treated with bicarbonate, (sodium bicarbonate) lactic acidosis requires treating the source of the acid production, ketoacidosis requires relief of the diabetes or starvation with Insulin and carbohydrates. The source of the imbalance for acidosis must be identified and corrected. ...Read more

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What is the treatment for metabolic acidosis?

What is the treatment for metabolic acidosis?

Acidosis: The body compensates for metabolic acidosis by increasing the respiratory rate in order to alkalinize the blood by removing carbon dioxide. Acute treatment of metabolic acidosis requires administration of i've bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) or by performing urgent dialysis. ...Read more

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Can topamax (topiramate) cause metabolic acidosis?

Can topamax (topiramate) cause metabolic acidosis?

Yes: Among the side effects, including cognitive issues, narrow angle glaucoma, heat stroke risk in kids, kidney stones; is also, metabolic acidosis, which can potentially be life threatening. It has been associated with kidney disease, and surgery. It is advised to stop topamax (topiramate) if surgery is planned. ...Read more

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Could use expert help with why a fever causes metabolic acidosis?

Doesn't: Fever by itself will not cause a metabolic acidosis. But when associated with sepsis can be due to lactic acidosis, with starvation ketoacidosis. Infections are frequently associated with these conditions very ill patients, this is not your every day fever. ...Read more

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My uncle went in the ER with severe metabolic acidosis. What is that?

Acidosis: Metabolic acidosis (ma) is seen when one's kidneys can’t get rid of acid buildup or when one's body gets rid of too much base. It is a very serious condition and requires hospitalization. More information as to the cause of it, in your uncle's case, should come from either your uncle or his physicians. ...Read more

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How does the renal system compensates for metabolic acidosis and alkalosis?

How does the renal system compensates for metabolic acidosis and alkalosis?

Slowly & effectively: In response to acidosis, the kidney increases reabsorbtion of bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate) from the tubular fluid, secretes more hydrogen ions, and generate more bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate). Ammoniagenesis leads to increased formation of the buffering compounds. In responses to alkalosis, the kidney excretes more bicarbonate (sodium bicarbonate), decreases hydrogen ion secretion, and lowers rates of glutamine metabolism and ammonium excretion. ...Read more

Acidosis (Definition)

Normally our body chemistry is kept in a narrow range, and in particular the amount of acid in the body is kept within a narrow range. The amount of acid is measured by a value called the ph. It is normally a value between 7.35 and 7.45, values below 7.35 are considered to be "acidotic" a patient with this value of the blood chemistry ...Read more


Dr. Clarence Grim
256 doctors shared insights

Hypokalemia (Definition)

Most labs will define normal as 3.5 to 5. Some may increase the upper limits to 5.2 but anything above 5.5 is clearly abnormal. Level below ...Read more