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Doctor insights on: Meningococcal Vs Bacterial Meningitis

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What distinguishes bacterial meningitis from viral meningitis?

What distinguishes bacterial meningitis from viral meningitis?

Testing: During the primary workup for the presenting illness the fluid from the spinal tap is sent for various tests. These will determine in most cases the type of meningitis. ...Read more

Dr. Shah Chowdhury
128 doctors shared insights

Bacterial Meningitis (Definition)

Bacterial meningitis can be a life-threatening illness that results from bacterial infection of the meninges (membrane covering the brain) and leaves some ...Read more


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Is bacterial meningitis contagious?

Is bacterial meningitis contagious?

Some types: Meningococcal meningitis can be highly contagious, especially in close quarters, e.g. College dorms, military recruits. Vaccinations recommended, before exposure, contacts get prophylactic antibiotic rx. Others may or not be, depending on the type and how the meningitis was contracted. ...Read more

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Is viral meningitis infectious?

Is viral meningitis infectious?

Very variable: There is a very large number of viruses that can cause meningitis, most are not infectious. See this site for more info. http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/viral.html. ...Read more

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Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Bacteria more: Destructive. This is a difference in the biology of the pathogenicity of bacteria vs. Viruses. Bacteria induce stronger inflammatory response, release more toxins, enzymes etc. ...Read more

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Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Why is bacterial meningitis worse than viral meningitis?

Many reasons: Bacterial menningitis usually results in pus in the meninges which causes damage it also affects the blood vessels which can cause strokes. ...Read more

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How contagious is meningococcal meningitis?

How contagious is meningococcal meningitis?

Somewhat: Overall, the risk to household contacts is 2-4 percent without prophylaxis. Outside the household, risk is smaller but is used when someone was exposed to respiratory secretions. ...Read more

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How is 'meningococcal septicemia' different from 'meningitis'?

How is 'meningococcal septicemia' different from 'meningitis'?

Location: Meningitis is infammation of the tissue covering our brains. There are a number of causes including infections, which also include a bacteria called meningococcus.Septicemia is when the infection is actively moving in the bloodstream allowing it to spread to many parts of the body. Both are very serious and life threatening. ...Read more

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Is bacterial meningitis curable?

Antibiotics: Antibiotics are available for treatment. The earlier treatment is started, the greater the possibility of cure without long term consequences. However, f treatment is delayed, the likelihood of significant neurologic damage increases. Death may occur if antibiotic treatment is delayed. Some bacteria are so virulent that they may cause death shortly after infection begins. ...Read more

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Is meningococcal meningitis bacterial meningitis or are they 2 different things?

Is meningococcal meningitis bacterial meningitis or are they 2 different things?

Different: Bacteria of many types can cause meningitis. In premi's it is often Group B strep or E.coli. In unimmunized infants and toddlers, Hemoplillis influenzae or pneumococcus & rarely meningococcus. In older kids, teens and adults it may be meningococcus or pneumococcus among others. Meningococcal meningitis is just getting more advertising time with newer vaccines available. ...Read more

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Is aseptic meningitis contagious?

Is aseptic meningitis contagious?

Maybe,maybe not: Aseptic meningitis is a term usually applied to that process triggered during an infection with a variety of viruses. The dominant group usually causes intestinal issues like cramps or diarrhea, with a fraction of the patients developing meningitis. The germ may pass to someone not immune, but may or may not cause meningitis. ...Read more

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Bacterial vs. Viral meningitis? What are some of the differences between bacterial and viral meningitis?

Bacterial vs. Viral meningitis? What are some of the differences between bacterial and viral meningitis?

Treatment: Both cause inflammation of the meninges or brain covering with intense headaches, neurological symptoms, fever, and stiff nek. Bacterial meningitis tends to be more severe and there are antibiotics that can treat it. Viral meningitis is viral and there are not antibiotics that treat it. That is the briefest difference. ...Read more

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The minactra meningitis vaccine covers all types of bacterial meningitis?

No: This vaccine is only helpful in preventing 4 strains of the meningococcus bacteria contained within the vaccine.These are the more common strains that cause this type of meningitis, but there are other strains. It does not cover any of the several other germs known to cause meningitis. Other vaccines cover some of the other germs. ...Read more

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How is bacterial meningitis transmitted?

Bacterial meningitis: Bacterial meningitis is usually severe. While most people with meningitis recover, it can cause serious complications, such as brain damage, hearing loss, or learning disabilities. There are several pathogens (types of germs) that can cause bacterial meningitis. Some of the leading causes of bacterial meningitis in the United States include haemophilus influenzae (most often caused by type b, hib). ...Read more

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Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
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How to know if bacterial meningitis is an infection with neisseria meningitis or haemophilus influenzae?

Dr. Jay Park Dr. Park
2 doctors agreed:

CSF exam: Culture of CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) generally allows identification of causative organism of meningitis. Infrequently, bacterial antigen screening test is utilized. ...Read more

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Meningitis transmissibility? How transmissible is meningitis?

Which kind?: The answer depends on what kind of meningitis you are referring to: bacterial meningitis, fungal meningitis, viral meningitis, parasitic meningitis & non-infectious meningitis. I’ll provide info for viral meningitis. The virus is spread person to person (fecal, respiratory secretions). However, just because you become infected with the virus doesn’t mean that you will actually develop meningitis. ...Read more

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What causes viral meningitis infection?

What causes viral meningitis infection?

Dozens of things: Influenza, parainfluenza, adenovirus, enterovirus, poliovirus, western equine encephalitis, eastern equin encehaplitis virus, st. Louis encephalitis virus, west nile virus, measles virus and varicella zoster virus just to name a few. ...Read more

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What is the difference between meningococcal sepsis and meningococcal meningitis?

What is the difference between meningococcal sepsis and meningococcal meningitis?

Location: Organinsm is the same, location is different. Sepsis is a blood infection. Meningitis is a spinal fluid infection. ...Read more

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Are there vaccines against bacterial meningitis?

Yes: Yes, there are several. The main ones are for pneumococcus, haemophilus, and Meningococcal meningitis. They are prevnar, (pneumococcal vaccine) ActHIB or pedvax, and Menveo or Menactra respectively. ...Read more

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Bacteria (Definition)

Are omnipresent single celled organisms which are the both the simplest form of life and the original form of life on earth. The are ...Read more


Dr. William Singer
857 doctors shared insights

Meningitis (Definition)

Infection and inflammation of the membranes lining the brain and spinal cord. Can be caused by viruses, ...Read more