meningitis

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What is meningitis?

Meningitis

Meningitis
Meningitis is an infection of the brain and the dura, a membrane that covers the brain. The typical symptoms associated with meningitis are fever, altered mental status (confusion) and lethargy - it is a serious problem and needs urgent treatment.
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What is Meningitis?

Inflammation

Cerebrum
Part 1: Great question. It specifically refers to the inflammation of a protective layer of the brain and spinal cord called the meninges. Clinically, movements that stretch this layer (i.e. bending the neck forward) will be painful. IT can be caused by several microbes such as bacteria, fungi, and viruses. A lumbar puncture is the gold standard in obtaining spinal fluid for testing of meningitis.
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Dr. William Goldie answered:

What is Meningitis ?

Inflammed meninges

Lumbar_puncture
The brain is covered with support structures called meninges. These membranes are bathed in cerebral spinal fluid. When infection develops in the meninges, cells and germs spill into the spinal fluid. A spinal tap and analysis of the spinal fluid can reveal inflammation and can show the bacteria or virus that causes the infection. Infection of the brain is encephalitis.
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Dr. Jay Park answered:

What causes Meningitis?

Many things

Meningitis
Meningitis develops when the circulating bacteria, virus, or fungi in the blood stream seeds and infects the meninges (thick covering of brain). Occasionally, it can also be an extension of inflammation of adjacent structures, e.g., paranasal sinus, to meninges.
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Dr. William Goldie answered:

What is viral meningitis?

Aseptic

Csf_culture_for_bacteria
Meningitis is an inflammation of the outer coating of the brain. A spinal tap will show inflammatory cells in spinal fluid. Bacteria will be seen and cultured if present. If nothing grows it is considered aseptic. This usually means that a virus is the cause. Special tests and cultures may or may not identify the virus. Viruses may infect the brain itself causing encephalitis.
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How lethal is meningitis?

Depends

Meningitis
A bacterial meningitis can cause death in a very short period of time, 24 to 48 hrs if untreated. If you or someone you know has any concern for this whatsoever with symptoms such as fever headache, confusion, stiff painful neck etc they should go to the ER now.
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Dr. Scott L. Katz answered:

Is Meningitis contagious?

Yes

Meningitis
Although some types are more contagious than others, the three most common types of bacterial meningitis all have vaccines available to reduce the risk. There are no vaccines for viral meningitis, but fortunately viral meningitis is typically less serious than bacterial.
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can meningitis kill you?

Possible

Meningitis
Meningoccocal Meningitis can be rapidly fatal. Most other causes are not as life threatening, but complications can always occur.
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Dr. Jack Mutnick answered:

Is meningitis rash itchy?

Usually not

Meningitis
This rash does not tend to be of the itchy variety although any virus, bacteria and/or fungus can cause meningitis and all have different degrees of presentation.
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Dr. Kevin Daus answered:

How does meningitis spread?

Close contact

Meningitis
close contact
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