Doctor insights on:
Melanoma Vaccine Public
All are experimental: There are no fda approved vaccines for melanoma of any type. There have been many different vaccine strategies to treat (not prevent) melanoma but none of them have yet proven effective. It has nothing to do with hla testing or il-2. There are several vaccines in late stage testing for melanoma that could release results within the next year or more, so this answer may change relatively soon. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Skin is the largest and one of the most complex organs in the body composed of hundreds of different structures. Nearly any of these elements can degenerate into cancer. However the three most common are: basal cell, squamous cell and melanoma which occur in that order and degree of aggressiveness. Although heredity plays a major role, sun exposure and tobacco use & ...Read more
Why do airline pilots get melanoma more frequently than the general public. I have a hard time believing it is because they fly to sunny places & tan?
Surgery: Surgery is the best treatment of melanoma. If the melanoma has spread so that surgery is not possible there are new chemotherapeutic medication that shows some promise. Cancer centers also have vaccines and there is a medication called interferon that may help. In some cases radiation therapy is used to reduce symptoms but it cannot sure melanoma. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Depends: Currently, surgical excision is the standard of care. However, depending on the stage of a patient's melanoma there are some new treatments that may show promise for the future. Vemurafenib is one such treatment, but it is used in a very specific set of patients. Melanoma vaccines are also theoretically possible but have not been very successful to date. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depends: A biopsy, in general, is very accurate. Nothing is more accurate than a properly done biopsy read by a competent pathologist. However, nothing is 100%. For good health - Have a diet rich in fresh vegetables, fruits, whole grains, low fat milk and milk products, nuts, beans, legumes, lentils and small amounts of lean meats. Avoid saturated fats. Exercise at least 150 minutes/week and increase the intensity of exercise gradually. Do not use tobacco or alcohol in any form. Practice safe sex. Get HPV vaccine. ...Read more
How does the number of cases of melanoma compare in light skinned vs. Medium skinned vs. Dark skinned persons?
Learn your ABCD's: Definitive diagnosis is made by biopsy. Melanomas are screened by the abcd's: a-asymmetry; b-irregular borders; c-different colors; d-diameber >6mm (size of pencil eraser). If you notice a mole with these characteristics, get it checked out asap. If you have a skin lesion which is growing, ulcerating, bleeding, or otherwise changing, get it seen as well for evaluation and possible biopsy. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Highly variable: There are aggressive fast-spreading cancers and there are slow-spreading cancers. An aggressive fast-spreading melanoma can metastasize even before it's visible on the skin. Some superficial slow-spreading melanomas may spread wide but not deep and may not invade the bloodstream for many months. The problem is there's no predicting how a melanoma is going to behave so early detection is key. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
In what age range is someone most likely to have a melanoma? During what age range does it not occur?
Melanoma: It is very rare in young children (they don't get much sun, and not enough time for genetics or heredity to have their effect), and becomes increasingly common after the late teens. Chronic sun exposure or a strong family history are the major risk factors. Pigmented moles that are asymmetric, with an irregular border, with a change to a darker color, larger than 1/2 a centimeter should be checked. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Yes: In addition to the surgery mentioned, there are new drugs for melanoma. One, called ipilumimab, is not chemotherapy. It is an immunologic therapy that was approved for use in 2011. It is the first drug to improve survival in stage IV melanoma, and some patients are alive 5-6 years after diagnosis with stage IV melanoma while on the drug. Have hope! ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Melanoma iscancer of melanocytes. Melanocytesare cells that produce the dark pigment, melanin, which is responsible for the color of skin. These cells predominantly occur in skin, but are also found in other parts of the body, including the bowel and the eye (see uveal melanoma). Melanoma can originate in any part of the ...Read more
Latin word for cow, vacca, because of the smallpox/cowpox work of edward jenner, vaccination is the administration of a substance, live organism or otherwise, that stimulates the immune response to prevent a specific disease. Primarily a preventative procedure, some vaccines can ...Read more
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