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Doctor insights on: Melanoma Vaccine Public

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Dr. Mike Bowman
957 doctors shared insights

Skin Cancer (Definition)

A condition in which some element of your skin--which is one of the most complex organs in the body--degenerates into cancer. The three most common types of skin cancer are: basal cell, squamous cell, and melanoma which occur in that order and degree of aggressiveness. Although heredity plays a major role, sun exposure and tobacco use and ...Read more


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Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it. Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria? Thank-you!

Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine has diphtheria proteins in it.  Does Prevnar (pneumococcal vaccine) 13 vaccine protect against pneumococcus and diphtheria?  Thank-you!

No: The diphtheria proteins used for PCV-13 (Prevnar) are not antigenic for diphtheria. That means they are not recognized by the body to produce an immune response. They just help carry the pneumococcal proteins into the appropriate cells to create the immune response for the pneumococcal bacteria. ...Read more

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If vaccinated before becoming sexually active, does HPV vaccine save us from HPV infection for life?

If vaccinated before becoming sexually active, does HPV vaccine save us from HPV infection for life?

Mostly: It prevents infection with the strains that are most likely to cause cancer, and some of the strains that cause warts. ...Read more

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Human papilloma virus vaccine for boys ok?

Human papilloma virus vaccine for boys ok?

Highly recommended: The hpv vaccine has been well tolerated. It's recommended for boys at 11 or 12 through age 21 but can be given as young as 9 (and through age 26 for those at higher risk). It reduces the risk of anal cancer in boys and girls as well as the risk of cervical cancer in girls. Hopefully it will reduce some other hpv related cancers. The Gardasil hpv also reduces sexually transmitted warts by 90%. ...Read more

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Should college students be vaccinated against meningococcal disease?

Should college students be vaccinated against meningococcal disease?

YES: Yes, but the peak risk actually starts rising around 13-14 yo and kids should be getting this shot at 11 yo now. Currently the CDC says to get one at 11 yo and another at 16 yo. ...Read more

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Does a childhood Hib vaccine fulfill the meningitis requirement at most u.S. Colleges?

Does a childhood Hib vaccine fulfill the meningitis requirement at most u.S. Colleges?

No: Colleges are worried about epidemic Meningococcal disease and related sepsis and meningitis. Hib meningitis is a problem of infancy and childhood and rarely if ever hit college kids before we had the vaccines. ...Read more

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Is the laiv vaccine an inactivated vaccine?

Is the laiv vaccine an inactivated vaccine?

No, it's alive: The live attenuated influenza vaccine (laiv) is a live-virus nasal spray flu vaccine. "attenuated" means the live-virus has been weakened so not to cause the flu in persons receiving the vaccine. Some people do get some sniffles or stuffy nose for 2-3 days, from the nasal spray FluMist vaccine. ...Read more

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Do public schools offer yearly flu shots?

Do public schools offer yearly flu shots?

Possibly: Check with your school district. Some schools may. But your pediatrician should definitely have the shot available. It is recommended that all children ages 6months and older get the shot- this really helps decrease the rate of flu and protects the most vulnerable in our society(young babies and the elderly) from contracting it. ...Read more

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Meningococcal (Menactra). Adventis U2636AA. 4) Human Papillomavirus (Merck) 0652X.. I got these vaccinations in 2009,what are my chances getting hpv?

Meningococcal (Menactra). Adventis U2636AA.   4) Human Papillomavirus (Merck) 0652X.. I got these vaccinations in 2009,what are my chances getting hpv?

HPV vaccine: The hpv shot are a series of 3, did you get the entire cycle? The menactra is protection again meningococcal meningitis so would not effect you chances of hpv at all. The vaccine is effective against HPV types 16 and 18 which cause approximately 70% of cervical cancers, and against HPV types 6 and 11 which cause approximately 90% of genital warts. ...Read more

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I thought the rabies vaccine at least provided 2 years worth of immunity to future exposures?

About correct: According to experts : the duration of immunity afforded to humans by a two injection vaccination course was found to be between two to three years.[12][13][14] following administration of a booster dose (recommended at one year), one study found 97% of immuno-competent individuals demonstrate protective levels of neutralizing antibodies at 10 years.[15]. ...Read more

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In brazil the government panflets say BCG protects against leprosy. Is this true?

In brazil the government panflets say BCG protects against leprosy.  Is this true?

1st BCG vaccination: Please see this article: http://www.Ncbi.Nlm.Nih.Gov/pmc/articles/pmc2238709/. Bcg has been shown clinically to impart protection against leprosy however the case for re-vaccination may not be so strong. ...Read more

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Which vaccine is better to get: meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine or meningococcal conjugate vaccine?

Which vaccine is better to get: meningococcal polysaccharide vaccine or meningococcal conjugate vaccine?

Conjugate in theory: Conjugating the Meningococcal capsule polysaccharide to a protein backbone makes it useful in children less than 2years and facilitates immunologic memory but there are no head to head efficacy trials. ...Read more

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I'm afraid of a bioterrorist anthrax attack, is there a publicly available vaccine?

I'm afraid of a bioterrorist anthrax attack, is there a publicly available vaccine?

Vaccine available: A vaccine is available and you should consult your doctor to determine need for it and your suitability as a recipient. Please note that you are more likely to get hit by lightening than get anthrax from a terrorist attack. ...Read more

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Is it legal to require mandatory h1n1 flu vaccine for healthcare workers?

Is it legal to require mandatory h1n1 flu vaccine for healthcare workers?

Ask an attorney: Is it legal to "hold them down and inject them?" probably not. It is probably, however, legal to restrict them from working in a high risk environment when they are potentially transmitting a dangerous infection to immunocompromised people. You may have your philosophical objection to the vaccination program, but make that "choice" for yourself, not for people who are a risk of dying from it. ...Read more

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Dr. Mark Diamond
1,098 doctors shared insights

Vaccinations (Definition)

Latin word for cow, vacca, because of the smallpox/cowpox work of edward jenner, vaccination is the administration of a substance, live organism or otherwise, that stimulates the immune response to prevent a specific disease. Primarily a preventative procedure, some vaccines can ...Read more


Dr. Mark Diamond
1,091 doctors shared insights

Immunization (Definition)

The body is artificially exposed to a dead or weakened organism of a type able to cause disease. The body fights the organism and learns to protect itself, so disease will not develop if exposed to ...Read more