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Doctor insights on: Melanoma Staging Prognosis

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Nodular melanoma prognosis?

Nodular melanoma prognosis?

Melanoma prognosis: It's hard to tell based on no information provided. The depth of melanoma involvement and the size of the tumor are needed to prognosticate. ...Read more

Staging (Definition)

Many diseases have specific treatments based on their severity. A disease can have certain criteria to determine their severity and applying this criteria to determine how advanced the disease state is called staging. Most commonly this is applied to cancer, and be determining how far the cancer has spread locally and/or to distant sites a stage of cancer can be ...Read more


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Prognosis stage 3 breast cancer?

Prognosis stage 3 breast cancer?

Curable!: Stage 3 means the tumor is large and/or the cancer has spread to many lymph nodes. It can still be cured with a combination of surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy. The risk of cancer returning depends on many factors-- age, # of involved lymph nodes, and whether the cancer has hormone receptors or her2. About 50% of stage 3 breast cancer patients are cured. Have hope! ...Read more

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Pancoast tumor metastisis survival rate?

Pancoast tumor metastisis survival rate?

Pancoast tumor: Occurs at the top of the lung and invades out and up to involve muscles, nerves, and thereby causing pain and horner's syndrome. Metastasis usually means going to another organ. If confined to chest and outward extension (?Metastasis), outlook is more optimistic. If it metastasized to brain, lung, liver or distant bones, the outlook is bleak, seek symptom management, there is no cure. ...Read more

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Is metastatic squamous cell carcinoma genetic?

Is metastatic squamous cell carcinoma genetic?

Genetic component?: There could be genetic component to a squamous cell cancer, although the exact implications on treatment aren't known. Obviously if there is a strong family history of cancers, or if it strikes someone who is young and/or a non smoker/drinker i would suspect a strong genetic contribution. Without more details, it is hard to say with any certainty. ...Read more

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Is stage IV metastatic cancer treatable?

Is stage IV metastatic cancer treatable?

Depends: Some cancers are curable with today's chemotherapy even if they have spread extensively. Others (for example, the common lung cancers) may someday be curable when they have reached stage iv, but not today. I've just seen reports of possible cures of stage IV colon and stomach cancers; i'm hopeful. ...Read more

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Is renal cell carcinoma stage 4 an aggressive cancer?

Is renal cell carcinoma stage 4 an aggressive cancer?

Stage 4 : Stage 4 renal cell carcinoma usually means that the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. At this stage, the cancer is consider very aggressive. www.peedoc.com @drhtay. ...Read more

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Is stage 4 colorectal cancer curable?

Majority will be No: When the cancer has spread to other organ beyond the primary organ-metastatic disease- or stage 4- , majority , it is an incurable disease. In a very selected case, when the metastatic disease is very limited - 1 or 2- only in the liver or only in the lung- and no other disease anywhere else and if surgery can be done to remove completely, attemp to cure the cancer can be done with chemo & surgery. ...Read more

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Stage 2B IDC breast cancer, her2+/ER/PR+Neoadjuvant taxol, (paclitaxel)A/C,lumpectomy,rads, lymphovascular invasion. What does this mean for prognosis & follow up?

Prognosis fair: Stage IIb breast cancer is usually palpable at 2-5 cm. and at time of procedure to remove lesion, sentinel nodes are + suggesting axillary dissection and reason for neoadjuvant therapy. Lymphovascular invasion increases chance for recurrence. With Her2+ Herceptin (trastuzumab) with chemo should be used and PET/CAT needed to assure met foci not missed in distal organs. Carful follow up needed. ...Read more

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Is metastatic colon cancer curable?

Is metastatic colon cancer curable?

Possible: But less than 20% survive 5 years. Depends on where the metastases are and how numerous and size. Solitary liver mets without evidence elsewhere in the body can be cured with a liver resection. Diffuse mets to numerous body parts rarelyare curable. ...Read more

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What characterizes early stage squamous cell carcinoma?

What characterizes early stage squamous cell carcinoma?

Nothing: Even in the lung, squamous cell carcinomas are usually silent until they have become large enough to cause coughing up of blood -- one of the common ways in which it announces itself. On the skin, of course, a growing mass with a rough surface is (depending on how it looks) likely to be a squamous skin cancer; these are usually easy to cure. Good luck. ...Read more

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Bone cancer prognosis and remission rate?

Bone cancer prognosis and remission rate?

It depends: There are several cancers that are called bone cancer. To give you an accurate answer i would need to know the type of cancer. Did it start in the bone or is it a cancer that spread to bone? ...Read more

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Is stage 3c breast cancer curable?

Is stage 3c breast cancer curable?

Yes: ...In theory, with aggressive multi modality therapy (surgery plus chemo plus radiation +/- hormones +/- herceptin). The risk of relapse is high but you do all you can and hope for the best. If this is about you, fight well and best wishes. ...Read more

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My mum 67 was diagnosed with metastatic caecal adenocarcinoma, aggressive stage 4 cancer.She's on folfox. Life expectancy??

My mum 67 was diagnosed with metastatic caecal adenocarcinoma, aggressive stage 4 cancer.She's on folfox. Life expectancy??

Varies from months/y: The overall survival of stage 4 colon cancer varies from 1 to 3 years. Most patients have at least 2 years if their tumor responds to chemo. If you tumors regresses after chemo, it may even be surgically removable in which case long term survival(even a cure) can be possible. Ask more questions to your treating oncologist. ...Read more

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Is metastatic melanoma preventable?

Is metastatic melanoma preventable?

Yes and No: Certain genetic conditions may predispose someone to malignant melanoma. But there are certainly things that can be done to boost one's immune system to fight cancers. And those with irregular moles should be seen at least yearly by their doctor or dermatologist to remove suspicious moles. Therefore, preventing a metastatic process. ...Read more

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What are metastatic melanoma patients chance sof survival through chemotherapy?

What are metastatic melanoma patients chance sof survival through chemotherapy?

Variable: Depends on how much spread, were e it spread to, and if you are a candidate for chemotherapy. Can be either monthscor multiple years! ...Read more

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Is melanoma cancer curable/reversible?

Is melanoma cancer curable/reversible?

Very curable: In its early stages. Once it has spread from the primary site to other organs, the prognosis is much worse. Early treatment is key to a good outcome. ...Read more

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Describe breast cancer staging according tnm?

Describe breast cancer staging according tnm?

Tumor,Nodes,Mets: The t, n, m system classifies breast cancers based upon tumor size(t), lymph node status(n), and presence of cancer elsewhere in the body(m). Stage i is limited to small cancers +/- microscopic ln disease. Stage ii describes tumors 2-5cm +/- ln disease. Stage iii is for more advanced tumors (>5cm, skin/chest wall involvement) +/- multiple/distant ln. Stage IV describes metastatic disease. ...Read more

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Is stage 4 neuroblastoma curable?

Is stage 4 neuroblastoma curable?

Sometimes: Stage 4 nb in children over 18 months of age is usually treated aggressively with chemotherapy, then surgery. This is followed with consolidation with high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplant and then radiation. Finally, the patient receives minimal residual disease therapy with anti-gd2 monoclonal antibody with cytokines and accutane, for 86% 2 year overall survival. ...Read more

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Colon surgery:tumor size=2cm.Pathologic staging(pt3, n1b, mx).2/17 lymph nodes show metastatic.Margins of resection free of carcinoma.Need chemotherapy?

Colon surgery:tumor size=2cm.Pathologic staging(pt3, n1b, mx).2/17 lymph nodes show metastatic.Margins of resection free of carcinoma.Need chemotherapy?

Yes: Chemotherapy regimens based on the drug Fluorouracil (5-fu) have been part of the treatment for high-risk stage ii or stage iii colon cancer. Many clinical trials have shown that these regimens improve overall survival primarily by reducing the high risk of recurrence within the first two years after surgery. ...Read more

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Would it b possible to b diagnosed with melanoma on a path reprt but not yet know the staging?

Would it b possible to b diagnosed with melanoma on a path reprt but not yet know the staging?

Yes: Depending on the depth of the melanoma a lymph node biopsy might be needed to complete the staging. If the lymph node had evidence of disease, additional imaging would be performed to complete the staging. ...Read more

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Are small melanomas <5mm in diameter less likely to be invasive? Do they have better prognosis than melanomas of larger diameter?

Px/Melanoma/size: The prognosis of a melanoma ids based on depth of penetration into the dermis, simply. What is the depth usually does not related to surface size. Best to see in person opinions.. ...Read more

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Which type of melanoma cares the worst prognosis ? Is it nodular o a melanotic melanoma ?

Which type of melanoma cares the worst prognosis ? Is it nodular o a melanotic melanoma ?

Nodular melanoma: Three of the four types of melanoma remain superficial in the epidermis and grow RADIALLY (laterally), often for several years, before entering the VERTICAL GROWTH PHASE where they grow downward and invade the dermis with the potential to metastasize. The fourth type of melanoma is nodular melanoma which STARTS in the vertical growth phase and can metastasize from the outset. ...Read more

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Nodular melanoma prognosis?

Melanoma prognosis: It's hard to tell based on no information provided. The depth of melanoma involvement and the size of the tumor are needed to prognosticate. ...Read more

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1 melanoma 0.7mm + 1 nevoid melanoma 1 4mm + 2 insitu removed last 7 years and will be having two more moles removed soon, what is my prognosis?

1 melanoma 0.7mm + 1 nevoid melanoma 1 4mm + 2 insitu removed last 7 years and will be having two more moles removed soon, what is my prognosis?

Why the next surgery: 2 "moles" to be removed? Did the DR say WHY? Do they have certain features suggesting melanoma? If the lab finds BENIGN lesions, then you are done, nothing to worry about. If there is melanoma, it will be staged. The prognosis depends on the stage. You need to be thoroughly familiar with the features to look for as suggesting biopsy for melanoma. ...Read more

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Why does basal cell carcinoma have better prognosis than malignant melanoma?

Why does basal cell carcinoma have better prognosis than malignant melanoma?

Ability to travel: Basal cell carcinoma usually is limited to the site of disease. While it is possible for basal cell to metastasize it is very rare. In contrast melanoma travels through the lymphatic system and can form tumors in any location of the body. ...Read more

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What is the prognosis of Spindle cell melanoma T4 lesion on the scalp?other than the surgery, what other treatments have been successful?

What is the prognosis of Spindle cell melanoma T4 lesion on the scalp?other than the surgery, what other treatments have been successful?

Micro: surgery is the only "curative" treatment! This may be accompanied by Radiation of draining lymph nodes. IMMUNOTHERAPY is "ijn the works" but thus far does not seem to "add" life years! Hope this is helpful/Good Luck! Dr Z ...Read more

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What is melanoma?

What is melanoma?

Skin cancer: Melanoma is a cancer that develops in the melanocytes, pigmented cells of the outer layer of skin. While it is related to sun and uv radiation, it is possible to get melanoma in areas that receive minimal sun exposure. Melanoma is generally considered the most dangerous form of skin cancer, more likely to metastasize than the more common basal or squamous cell cancers. ...Read more

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What is a melanoma?

A type of skin cance: Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that arises from the pigmented cells (melanocytes) in the skin. In general, it is more malignant than the other two common skin cancer types (basal cell and squamous cell), but early melanoma has a good prognosis. Look online for the abcde for diagnosing melanoma. If you have a suspicious mole - have it checked out by a deramatologist. It could save your life! ...Read more

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How is melanoma diagnosed?

How is melanoma diagnosed?

Learn your ABCD's: Definitive diagnosis is made by biopsy. Melanomas are screened by the abcd's: a-asymmetry; b-irregular borders; c-different colors; d-diameber >6mm (size of pencil eraser). If you notice a mole with these characteristics, get it checked out asap. If you have a skin lesion which is growing, ulcerating, bleeding, or otherwise changing, get it seen as well for evaluation and possible biopsy. ...Read more

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What exactly is a melanoma?

Cancer of melanocyte: Melanoma is cancer of melanocytes. Melanocytes are cells that produce the dark pigment, melanin, which is responsible for the color of skin. These cells predominantly occur in skin, but are also found in other parts of the body, including the bowel and the eye (see uveal melanoma). Melanoma can originate in any part of the body that contains melanocytes. ...Read more

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Is melanoma hereditary? How?

Is melanoma hereditary? How?

IN A SENSE: A positive family history of melanoma is a risk factor. So is hair-blonde or red-color and eye-blue or green-color, which of course you inherit. The biggest risk factor, though, is sun exposure. ...Read more

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Who is at risk for melanoma?

White people in sun: Sun damage can lead to melanoma and people with fair skin sustain more injury from the sun more rapidly than their darker skinned counterparts. Sun protection from a young age is very important. You can read more at www.Melanomafoundation.Org. ...Read more

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How do you diagnose melanoma?

Biopsy: Any suspicious looking skin lesion, esp if it grows fast or changes in color or starts bleeing, needs to be biopsied. It will reveal melanoma if present. ...Read more

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Can melanoma pop up suddenly?

Yes: Any change whether it be size or color or texture of a pigmented skin lesion is suspect for melanoma. You should get anything that changes checked even if it is something that changed suddenly. ...Read more

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How do I know I have melanoma?

Get checked!: Any suspicious lesion should be evaluated by a plastic surgeon or a dermatologist. A biopsy will give you a definitive answer regarding if it is a skin cancer, a pre-malignant lesion, or a benign lesion. ...Read more

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How often is melanoma 1-2 mm?

Quite common: Most melanomas in the US are diagnosed when they have thickness of 1mm to 3mm) are diagnosed in about 30% of patients and carry an intermediate prognosis with a risk of recurrence between 15-30%. ...Read more

Prognosis (Definition)

The prognosis is the predicted outcome or "forecast" for a disease or process. It is only an estimate but is likely based on past experience or data taking into account the individual's overall health status. It may suggest progression of disease ...Read more


Dr. Mike Bowman
960 doctors shared insights

Skin Cancer (Definition)

A condition in which some element of your skin which is one of the most complex organs in the body, degenerates into cancer, with the cancerous (malignant) cells growing ...Read more