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Doctor insights on: Melanoma Oncologists

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My mom has stage 3a melanoma. Her surgical oncologist recommended high dose alphainterferon in addition to thesurgery. He said the european way of administering it is more tolerable but it takes 5 years. She is in favor of the more tolerable drug. What sh

My mom has stage 3a melanoma. Her surgical oncologist recommended high dose alphainterferon in addition to thesurgery. He said the european way of administering it is more tolerable but it takes 5 years. She is in favor of the more tolerable drug. What sh

Seek a trial: The data for interferon is terrible. If it works, it barely works. Its effectiveness for melanoma has been barely measurable in studies. Referral to a nearby academic medical center which might offer newer treatments such as ipalimumab (yervoy) is what i would want for my mother. ...Read more

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Dr. Mike Bowman
906 doctors shared insights

Skin Cancer (Definition)

Skin is the largest and one of the most complex organs in the body composed of hundreds of different structures. Nearly any of these elements can degenerate into cancer. However the three most common are: basal cell, squamous cell and melanoma which occur in that order and degree of aggressiveness. Although heredity plays a major role, sun exposure and tobacco use & ...Read more


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Melanoma has an overall cure rate of around 80-90%. Superficial and lentigo are in the high 90's. What is Nodular overall?

About 95%: The modular form of melanoma begins on the skin and then travels downward. It's initial presentation, if superficial, is called Level 1 and is considered "in situ." ...Read more

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What causes melanoma? I know too much sun causes melanoma, but what could cause it on skin that’s never exposed to sun?

What causes melanoma? I know too much sun causes melanoma, but what could cause it on skin that’s never exposed to sun?

Unknown: Apart from sun (uv light), it's not entirely clear what causes melanoma. Mutations in many genes have been discovered such as braf, nras, and c-kit but much more research needs to be done. ...Read more

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Most melanomas are brought to a doctor’s attention because of signs or symptoms a person is having. What are they?

Most melanomas are brought to a doctor’s attention because of signs or symptoms a person is having. What are they?

ABCD's: Remember your abcd's when thinking of melanoma. Look for moles with asymmetry boarders that are irregular color differences within the same mole diameter greater than 6mm also any new mole or old that starts to itch, bleed or ulcerate should be of concern. Another rule is the ugly duckling rule. Which refers to a mole that looks distantly different from the others on your body. ...Read more

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What is a melanoma?

What is a melanoma?

A type of skin cance: Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that arises from the pigmented cells (melanocytes) in the skin. In general, it is more malignant than the other two common skin cancer types (basal cell and squamous cell), but early melanoma has a good prognosis. Look online for the abcde for diagnosing melanoma. If you have a suspicious mole - have it checked out by a deramatologist. It could save your life! ...Read more

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How is melanoma diagnosed?

How is melanoma diagnosed?

Learn your ABCD's: Definitive diagnosis is made by biopsy. Melanomas are screened by the abcd's: a-asymmetry; b-irregular borders; c-different colors; d-diameber >6mm (size of pencil eraser). If you notice a mole with these characteristics, get it checked out asap. If you have a skin lesion which is growing, ulcerating, bleeding, or otherwise changing, get it seen as well for evaluation and possible biopsy. ...Read more

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What exactly is a melanoma?

Cancer of melanocyte: Melanoma is cancer of melanocytes. Melanocytes are cells that produce the dark pigment, melanin, which is responsible for the color of skin. These cells predominantly occur in skin, but are also found in other parts of the body, including the bowel and the eye (see uveal melanoma). Melanoma can originate in any part of the body that contains melanocytes. ...Read more

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Is melanoma hereditary? How?

Is melanoma hereditary? How?

IN A SENSE: A positive family history of melanoma is a risk factor. So is hair-blonde or red-color and eye-blue or green-color, which of course you inherit. The biggest risk factor, though, is sun exposure. ...Read more

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How often is melanoma 1-2 mm?

Quite common: Most melanomas in the US are diagnosed when they have thickness of 1mm to 3mm) are diagnosed in about 30% of patients and carry an intermediate prognosis with a risk of recurrence between 15-30%. ...Read more

Dr. Travis Kidner
2,580 doctors shared insights

Melanoma (Definition)

Melanoma is a cancer of the melanocyte cells. Melanocyte cells determine the color of your skin. Although these cells are primarily found in your skin, they can also be found in the bowel ...Read more