Doctor insights on:
A condition in which some element of your skin--which is one of the most complex organs in the body--degenerates into cancer. The three most common types of skin cancer are: basal cell, squamous cell, and melanoma which occur in that order and degree of aggressiveness. Although heredity plays a major role, sun exposure and tobacco use and ...Read more
Yes and No: Certain genetic conditions may predispose someone to malignant melanoma. But there are certainly things that can be done to boost one's immune system to fight cancers. And those with irregular moles should be seen at least yearly by their doctor or dermatologist to remove suspicious moles. Therefore, preventing a metastatic process. ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Are carcinoid tumors carcinoma? Is malignant metastatic stomach carcinoma that's hereditary a carcinoid cancer? carcinoid Neuroendocrine tumors?
Genetic component?: There could be genetic component to a squamous cell cancer, although the exact implications on treatment aren't known. Obviously if there is a strong family history of cancers, or if it strikes someone who is young and/or a non smoker/drinker i would suspect a strong genetic contribution. Without more details, it is hard to say with any certainty. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Depends: Depend on what type of cancer? Squamous cell, basal cell, skin lymphoma? Etc. Surgical resection if localized on the skin and if indicated. If it is already spreading to distant organ-then systemic therapy ( chemo or other biological agent) will be the option. In certain cancer on the skin -radiation therapy, uv therapy , topical chemotherapy , interferon etc-could be the treatment as well. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Colon surgery:tumor size=2cm.Pathologic staging(pt3, n1b, mx).2/17 lymph nodes show metastatic.Margins of resection free of carcinoma.Need chemotherapy?
Yes: Chemotherapy regimens based on the drug Fluorouracil (5-fu) have been part of the treatment for high-risk stage ii or stage iii colon cancer. Many clinical trials have shown that these regimens improve overall survival primarily by reducing the high risk of recurrence within the first two years after surgery. ...Read more
Depends on stage: Chemotherapy is never used for stage 1 cancers (early). It is sometimes used in stage 2 cancers (early but more advanced than stage 1). Chemotherapy is definitely beneficial in stage 3 cancers (locally advanced) and in stage 4 cancers (distant spread). ...Read moreSee 2 more doctor answers
Tumor,Nodes,Mets: The t, n, m system classifies breast cancers based upon tumor size(t), lymph node status(n), and presence of cancer elsewhere in the body(m). Stage i is limited to small cancers +/- microscopic ln disease. Stage ii describes tumors 2-5cm +/- ln disease. Stage iii is for more advanced tumors (>5cm, skin/chest wall involvement) +/- multiple/distant ln. Stage IV describes metastatic disease. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Who performs lymph node biopsies? Haematologists, oncologists, radiologist? None seem to provide any answers
For colon cancer,Peritoneal Carcinoma's, roughly what percentage of those malignant tumors are cancerous.I read malignant tumors are 100% cancer.
It depends on many f: Most women with localized breast cancer do very well and there is high cure rate. Overall 75%-80% of breast cancers are curable. But you need to know what stage of cancer it is? You should also know what subtype(there are 3 different types) of breast cancer it is. Further there is the matter of what type of adjuvant therapy(post surgery treatment) was used. I'am sure your oncologist can answeryr. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Types of cancer: Malignant melanoma is a type of cancer that originates from the melanocytes. It often travels to distant locations in the body and is the deadliest form of skin cancer. Basal cell carcinoma rarely travels to other parts of the body, but will recur locally if not treated appropriately. Squamous cell carcinoma rarely travels to other parts of the body. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer
Stage 2B IDC breast cancer, her2+/ER/PR+Neoadjuvant taxol, (paclitaxel)A/C,lumpectomy,rads, lymphovascular invasion. What does this mean for prognosis & follow up?
Prognosis fair: Stage IIb breast cancer is usually palpable at 2-5 cm. and at time of procedure to remove lesion, sentinel nodes are + suggesting axillary dissection and reason for neoadjuvant therapy. Lymphovascular invasion increases chance for recurrence. With Her2+ Herceptin (trastuzumab) with chemo should be used and PET/CAT needed to assure met foci not missed in distal organs. Carful follow up needed. ...Read more
Pancoast tumor: Occurs at the top of the lung and invades out and up to involve muscles, nerves, and thereby causing pain and horner's syndrome. Metastasis usually means going to another organ. If confined to chest and outward extension (?Metastasis), outlook is more optimistic. If it metastasized to brain, lung, liver or distant bones, the outlook is bleak, seek symptom management, there is no cure. ...Read moreSee 1 more doctor answer