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Doctor insights on: Melanoma Cancer Stages

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Is melanoma cancer curable/reversible?

Is melanoma cancer curable/reversible?

Very curable: In its early stages. Once it has spread from the primary site to other organs, the prognosis is much worse. Early treatment is key to a good outcome. ...Read more

Dr. Barry Rosen
4,351 doctors shared insights

Cancer (Definition)

Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more


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Is metastatic melanoma preventable?

Is metastatic melanoma preventable?

Yes and No: Certain genetic conditions may predispose someone to malignant melanoma. But there are certainly things that can be done to boost one's immune system to fight cancers. And those with irregular moles should be seen at least yearly by their doctor or dermatologist to remove suspicious moles. Therefore, preventing a metastatic process. ...Read more

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Is advanced stage colon cancer treatable?

Is advanced stage colon cancer treatable?

Yes and no: It is treatable but not curable. That is, you can treat it and may knock it down for a while ..t but it will always come back. But there are many factors that play into it. See cancer.org or cancer.gov for excellent information on the stage and what to expect. ...Read more

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Is metastatic colon cancer curable?

Is metastatic colon cancer curable?

Possible: But less than 20% survive 5 years. Depends on where the metastases are and how numerous and size. Solitary liver mets without evidence elsewhere in the body can be cured with a liver resection. Diffuse mets to numerous body parts rarelyare curable. ...Read more

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Is stage 4 colorectal cancer curable?

Is stage 4 colorectal cancer curable?

Majority will be No: When the cancer has spread to other organ beyond the primary organ-metastatic disease- or stage 4- , majority , it is an incurable disease. In a very selected case, when the metastatic disease is very limited - 1 or 2- only in the liver or only in the lung- and no other disease anywhere else and if surgery can be done to remove completely, attemp to cure the cancer can be done with chemo & surgery. ...Read more

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What's advanced stage cancer?

What's advanced stage cancer?

Large or spread: This depends on the cancer diagnosis, but usually means that the cancer is large or has spread beyond the site of origin. ...Read more

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Nodular melanoma prognosis?

Nodular melanoma prognosis?

Melanoma prognosis: It's hard to tell based on no information provided. The depth of melanoma involvement and the size of the tumor are needed to prognosticate. ...Read more

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Can early stage cancer diagnosis eventually turn metastatic?

Can early stage cancer diagnosis eventually turn metastatic?

Yes: This depends on the cancer type, but most early stage cancers have the potential to spread if not treated. ...Read more

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Is stage IV metastatic cancer treatable?

Depends: Some cancers are curable with today's chemotherapy even if they have spread extensively. Others (for example, the common lung cancers) may someday be curable when they have reached stage iv, but not today. I've just seen reports of possible cures of stage IV colon and stomach cancers; i'm hopeful. ...Read more

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Do early stage cancers eventually turn metastatic?

Possibly: Unfortunately, most if not all cancers have the potential to spread. Depends on the kind, stage, and aggressiveness of the cancer. Still, many early stage cancers will never relapse, so it is a matter of being aware, not scared. Best to you. ...Read more

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Is stage 3c breast cancer curable?

Is stage 3c breast cancer curable?

Yes: ...In theory, with aggressive multi modality therapy (surgery plus chemo plus radiation +/- hormones +/- herceptin). The risk of relapse is high but you do all you can and hope for the best. If this is about you, fight well and best wishes. ...Read more

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Is stage two breast cancer curable?

Is stage two breast cancer curable?

Survival Rates: According to the american cancer society the 5 year relative survival rate for stage 1 is 100%, stage ii- 93%, stage iii is 72% and stage IV is 22%. ...Read more

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What characterizes early stage squamous cell carcinoma?

Nothing: Even in the lung, squamous cell carcinomas are usually silent until they have become large enough to cause coughing up of blood -- one of the common ways in which it announces itself. On the skin, of course, a growing mass with a rough surface is (depending on how it looks) likely to be a squamous skin cancer; these are usually easy to cure. Good luck. ...Read more

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How is stage IV breast cancer different from stage III breast cancer?

How is stage IV breast cancer different from stage III breast cancer?

Location: In stage iii, the cancer still hasn't spread far beyond the breast and nearby lymph nodes. However, in this stage there typically are many lymph nodes involved or the tumor is so large it extends to the chest wall or involves the skin of the breast. stage IV breast cancer has spread to distant sites of the body. ...Read more

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Chances of metastasis to lung of stage II colon cancer?

Chances of metastasis to lung of stage II colon cancer?

Low but not zero: Stage ii colon cancer means no lymph node involvement by definition, but inadequate lymph node sampling (surgical resection) may "understage" the cancer, so make sure enough ln were taken -minimum of 12! even with appropriate surgery, mets may still occur, although very unusual, so discuss with your treating docs. A pet/ct may give some reassurance so ask if this can be done. ...Read more

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Is metastatic squamous cell carcinoma genetic?

Genetic component?: There could be genetic component to a squamous cell cancer, although the exact implications on treatment aren't known. Obviously if there is a strong family history of cancers, or if it strikes someone who is young and/or a non smoker/drinker i would suspect a strong genetic contribution. Without more details, it is hard to say with any certainty. ...Read more

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Is metastatic anal cancer terminal?

Is metastatic anal cancer terminal?

Unfortunately: Metastatic disease (also known as stage 4) is usually not curable by todays treatments. Although use of chemotherapy may improve survival and may rarely put someone into a temporary remission the disease usually returns or more often does not go away and eventually progresses and the patient will eventually succumb to it. ...Read more

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Abdominal carcinamatosis from breast cancer metastasis?

Abdominal carcinamatosis from breast cancer metastasis?

Could Be: You have a known breast ca? Any other mets? Typically, one would expect mets to bone before abdomen. If pathology on both sites is the same then probably mets. If not, possible second primary (like ovary). Good luck. ...Read more

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Is renal cell carcinoma stage 4 an aggressive cancer?

Is renal cell carcinoma stage 4 an aggressive cancer?

Stage 4 : Stage 4 renal cell carcinoma usually means that the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. At this stage, the cancer is consider very aggressive. www.peedoc.com @drhtay. ...Read more

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I just found out I have melanoma skin cancer, stage 2. Any good oral medication for it?

I just found out I have melanoma skin cancer, stage 2. Any good oral medication for it?

Melanoma surgery: If you have melanoma on the skin the only good treatment is complete surgical removal. If you have melanoma that is spread in the body then you need chemotherapy. Stage 2 would require complete surgical removal and then some testing to make sure there is no spread in to the glands or the other body parts. No oral medication will fix melanoma. ...Read more

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Can you get melanoma cancer twice?

Can   you get melanoma cancer twice?

Yes possible: Yes it is possible to get another new lesion and is the reason , need close observation after initial treatment ...Read more

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Could it be melanoma or any other cancer?

Could it be melanoma or any other cancer?

Can't tell: I'm not sure if you loaded a picture of whatever is concerning you but regardless, if you have any lesion on the skin that looks suspicious or has changed noticeably, please see your family doc or dermatologist. Sometimes you cannot tell by just looking at it. ...Read more

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For what length of time can someone live with melanoma cancer?

For what length of time can someone live with melanoma cancer?

Melanoma survival: If you treat your melanoma early, your life expectancy shouldn't be affected. If it has metastasized or spread, survival depends on how good your own body can mount a defense. In general, the deeper the melanoma, the worse your prognosis. You can stage your disease and find out what life expectancies are for each stage. ...Read more

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Doctors, what are the causes of melanoma cancers?

Sun exposure: Melanoma is mainly caused by sun exposure (this includes tanning beds). People with fair skin are more prone to developing it. There are also some rare genetic disorders that can also predispose you to getting melanoma. The best way to prevent it is to avoid prolonged sun exposure and use sunblock lotion. ...Read more

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Is there a melanoma cancer walk or a melanoma society?

Is there a melanoma cancer walk or a melanoma society?

Yes: Melanoma is a lethal disease if untreated, early detection and excision will cure melanoma.Awareness and education is essential to cure, which is done by melanoma walks in your local area, several organisations like melanoma research alliance, melanoma.Org etc contact your local american society office for more information or your local hospital. ...Read more

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What is melanoma skin cancer?

What is melanoma skin cancer?

Aggressive cancer: Melanoma develops from melanocytes cells of the lower layers in the skin. These cells produce pigments and the color of skin. When they form into cancer it can grow radially and deeply which can be dangerous as it can subsequently spread to other areas of the body. There are genetic predispositions as well as ultraviolet radiation exposure and sunburns are risk factors. ...Read more

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How common is melanoma skin cancer?

How common is melanoma skin cancer?

21 per 100k people: 21 per 100000 men and women per year. It is estimated 76, 690 new cases and 9480 deaths in 2013 due to melanoma. ...Read more

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Is melanoma cancer curable/reversible?

Very curable: In its early stages. Once it has spread from the primary site to other organs, the prognosis is much worse. Early treatment is key to a good outcome. ...Read more

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What to do about melanoma; skin cancer.?

What to do about melanoma; skin cancer.?

Melanoma: Things to do about melanoma: 1. Prevention: avoid sun exposure between 10am & 4pm. Use broad-spectrum sunscreen daily. 2. Detection: get to know your skin, do monthly skin self exam, including genital/perianal area. Show new or changing moles to dermatologist asap if melanoma is diagnosed early, chances of cure are high. No truly effective tx for late/metastatic melanoma. Early detection is key. ...Read more

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What exactly is non-melanoma skin cancer?

What exactly is non-melanoma skin cancer?

Other skin cancer: that means the 2 more common skin cancers: basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. ...Read more

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How can someone know if they have melanoma skin cancer?

How can someone know if they have melanoma skin cancer?

Skin exam: Skin cancer screening is very important, particularly in high risk people who have positive family history of skin cancer, who easily burn, who have had many sun burns in their youth, who have fair complexion, who smoke, who live in sunny climates, who use sun tan salons, and who have many atypical moles. A dermatologist is an expert who can evaluate your skin and provide treatment if necessary. ...Read more

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What are the signs when you get a skin cancer/melanoma?

Modified alphabet: A: asymetry of the borders, when folded in half the two halves of the mole do not match b: border irregularity, they are jagged uneven, not smooth c: variegated and multiple d: diameter >4mm e: elevation, growing up off the skin surface, or evolution (it is changing in some way) u: ulceration, the skin surface has broken down ****any lesion that is new or changing deserves further analysis, see your dermatologist. ...Read more

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Which oral medication is available for melanoma skin cancer?

Which oral medication is available for melanoma skin cancer?

Nothing: There is no really good oral med for melanoma. Once the tumor has spread systemic interferon is often used. There are new drugs being developed. Melanama traditionally has been resistent to most types of medications. The mainstay of treatment for melanoma remains surgery. ...Read more

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Help docs! i'm trying to find out what causes the melanoma cancer?

Unknown: Many factors appear to impact melanoma, including genetic (family) factors, sun radiation exposure and damage, etc. Normal cell division is impacted, causing replication of pigment producing cells rapidly and abnormally. Important to seek medical attn. For sites changing color, shape, size or irritability (itching, stinging, etc) often are symptoms. ...Read more

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What kind of tests are done in the follow-up for melanoma skin cancer?

Skin exams: Complete skin examinations at least four times a year. Once you develop one melanoma, you are at risk for developing an additional melanoma. Also depending on the level of risk associated with your particular melanoma imaging may be ordered to assess for the development of distant disease. ...Read more

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Can someone be truly cured of a serious cancer like lymphoma or melanoma?

Yes: Of course all cases are different but many people with either melanoma or lymphoma appear to be cured by their treatment, . ...Read more

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Can someone who doesn't spend a lot of time outside get melanoma skin cancer?

Yes: Sun exposure increases your risk but anyone of any race can get melanoma. Bob Marley died of melanoma in his 30's. :( ...Read more

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How can it be that melanoma skin cancers spread quicker than internal cancers?

Melanoma : Melanoma has the potential to spread quickly through the blood and lymph systems if not detected early. ...Read more

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Dr. Mike Bowman
958 doctors shared insights

Skin Cancer (Definition)

A condition in which some element of your skin--which is one of the most complex organs in the body--degenerates into cancer. The three most common types of skin cancer are: basal cell, squamous cell, and melanoma which occur in that order and degree of aggressiveness. Although heredity plays a major role, sun exposure and tobacco use and ...Read more


Dr. Travis Kidner
2,634 doctors shared insights

Melanoma (Definition)

Cancer of the melanocyte cells. Melanocyte cells determine the color of your skin. Although these cells are primarily found in your skin, they can also be found in the bowel ...Read more