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Doctor insights on: Melanoma

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Dr. Travis Kidner
2,467 doctors shared insights

Melanoma (Overview)

Melanoma iscancer of melanocytes. Melanocytesare cells that produce the dark pigment, melanin, which is responsible for the color of skin. These cells predominantly occur in skin, but are also found in other parts of the body, including the bowel and the eye (see uveal melanoma). Melanoma can originate in any part of the body that contains melanocytes.


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Is a two colored mole pr definition melanoma?

Is a two colored mole pr definition melanoma?

It's complicated: Any suspicious mole should be checked by your doctor. Moles with multiple colors are surely more suspicious for melanoma, but not definitive. On the other hand, some melanomas have no pigmentation, making them much harder to diagnose. ...Read more

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Dr. Adam Levy
31 years in practice
424K people helped
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Dr. Travis Kidner
2,467 doctors shared insights

Melanoma (Overview)

Melanoma iscancer of melanocytes. Melanocytesare cells that produce the dark pigment, melanin, which is responsible for the color of skin. These cells predominantly occur in skin, but are also found in other parts of the body, including the bowel and the eye (see uveal melanoma). Melanoma can originate in any part of the body that contains melanocytes.


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How does melanoma spread throughout the body?

How does melanoma spread throughout the body?

Via blood and lymph: Like other cancers, melanomas spread (metastasize) via 2 pathways. First, via the lymph system, where the tumor gets caught in lymph nodes. Sentinel node biopsy is helpful to determine lymph node involvement. Next, it can spread via the blood. That's how melanoma can go from your skin anywhere to the brain, lung, liver, etc. It's propensity to do this makes melanoma so dangerous. ...Read more

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Dr. Adam Levy
31 years in practice
424K people helped
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Which symptom did you have of melanoma?

Which symptom did you have of melanoma?

Use ABCDE RULE: It's best to see a dermatologist but a good rule of thumb is the abcd guidelines a=asymmetry of lesion b=border is irregular c=colors are multiple and not consistent d=diameter is greater than 6mm e=evolution of lesion with changes and enlargement. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of melanoma if it has spread?

Many disguises: I have seen melanoma spread nearly everywhere you can imagine, and the site of metastasis dictates the symptoms that may occur. Common sites include lymph nodes, lung, liver, bone, and small intestine. Lymph nodes: a lump in the underarm, neck, or groin. Lung: cough, shortness of breath or bloody sputum. Liver: jaundice or pain. Bone: pain or fracture. Small intestine: bloody bm, blockage. ...Read more

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The last couple of months i discovered a black spot on the roof of my mouth. I don't smoke, pretty healthy (low vit. D).Sign of cancer? Melanoma?

The last couple of months i discovered a black spot on the roof of my mouth. I don't smoke,  pretty healthy (low vit. D).Sign of cancer? Melanoma?

Depends: All black spots are not cancers or melanoma, but it they change in shape, size or color, they need to be evaluated by a doctor. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: pet-ct melanoma diagnosis?

What is the definition or description of: pet-ct melanoma diagnosis?

Metastases: PET CT is often utilized to identify metastases from melanoma. Utilizes isotope F18 FDG for glucose metabolism of malignant lesions to identify them. Most malignant neoplasms have increased metabolic activity. CT portion compares anatomic lesion with area of increased uptake shown by PET. ...Read more

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Dr. Adam Levy
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31 years in practice
424K people helped
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How do you diagnose melanoma?

Biopsy: Any suspicious looking skin lesion, esp if it grows fast or changes in color or starts bleeing, needs to be biopsied. It will reveal melanoma if present. ...Read more

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How does the number of cases of melanoma compare in light skinned vs. Medium skinned vs. Dark skinned persons?

Melanoma: The lighter the skin color the greater the risk. The greater the amount of sun exposure over time the greater the risk. If several family members have been affected, the greater the risk. ...Read more

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When they do a test for melanoma?

Unclear questions: We all need to watch for pigmented skin lesions. If there is a change in size, shape, nodule formation, bleeding, change in color, the lesion needs to be evaluated by a doctor. Diagnsis requires removal of the lesion and examination of the tissue by a pathologist. ...Read more

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What are the tests for intraocular melanoma?

What are the tests for intraocular melanoma?

Eye exam: An eye examination by an ophthamologist is usually how the diagnosis is made. More detailed examination by a specialist in retinas or ocular oncology may follow. A biopsy can be done by the specialist. ...Read more

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Dr. Mike Bowman
798 doctors shared insights

Skin Cancer (Definition)

Skin is the largest and one of the most complex organs in the body composed of hundreds of different structures. Nearly any of these elements can degenerate into cancer. However the three most common are: basal cell, squamous cell and melanoma which occur in that order and degree of aggressiveness. Although heredity plays a major role, sun exposure and tobacco use & ...Read more


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Dr. Adam Levy
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