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Doctor insights on: Medulla Oblongata Function

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Something in the cerebral hemispheres controlling motor function?

Something in the cerebral hemispheres controlling motor function?

Motor Stip: The cerebral hemispheres have the central fissure. Sort of sepeartes the front part of the brain from the back part of the brain. Anterior or closer to the eyes is a strip of brain that controls almost all motor function and behind the fissue is a strip that controls almost all sensory function. http://thebrain.mcgill.ca/flash/d/d_06/d_06_cr/d_06_cr_mou/d_06_cr_mou.html. ...Read more

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Does c spinal cord injury affects brain function?

Does c spinal cord injury affects brain function?

No: Spinal cord injury affects portions of the body b elow the site of the injury. The brain is not affected, but these injuries are frequently very disturbing and sometimes dangerous. The person suffering from this can be depressed and needing of assistance in many other ways. ...Read more

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What is the adrenal medulla?

What is the adrenal medulla?

The central core: The adrenal is actually to glands in one! the outer part (cortex) makes steroid hormones. The central part (medulla) makes Epinephrine and norepinephrine. These are fight or flight hormones that raise pulse and BP instantaneously in response to stress. ...Read more

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Does resetting the hypothalamus affect pituitary tumor?

Does resetting the hypothalamus affect pituitary tumor?

Depends on case: If you mean suppressing the gland, such as using bromocryptine for a pituitary adenoma, it can help control the symtpoms and prolactinomas can shrink. For other tumors, this may not be the case art all - for metastases to the pituitary or for craniopharyngioma, addressing hormone function generally does not affect the tumor's growth, although hormone symptoms can be relieved quite a bit. ...Read more

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What does brain with intact symmetric 7th and 8th cranial nerve bundle complexes means?

What does brain with intact symmetric 7th and 8th cranial nerve bundle complexes means?

That means normal: That is a normal finding, in particular, for the 7th and 8th cranial nerves. They must have been looking at these because of dizziness, hearing symptoms, or facial weakness. ...Read more

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Brain right ventricle 8mm lesion -cyst or tumor?

Brain right ventricle 8mm lesion -cyst or tumor?

Hard to say: If the interpretation on the MRI by the radiologist is that it is a cyst, then it is likely benign. It also depends if there is any area of enhancement that would suggest a tumor. Also if you have serial MRI scans, you can tell if it is getting bigger or changing which is more likely a tumor. The location in the ventricle is important too. If it obstructs the foramen it could be a problem. ...Read more

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What is a nonspecific heterogeneous calciric density along tje right paramedian posterior cingulate gyrus versus splenium of the corpus callosum?

What is a nonspecific heterogeneous calciric density along tje right paramedian posterior cingulate gyrus versus splenium of the corpus callosum?

Chronic: The report describes a prior area of pathology which has become calcified over a period of years. This represents an archaic process, and has been uncovered coincidently. Unlikely to correlate with current issues. However, discuss with your physician to be complete. ...Read more

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Slightly increased echogenicity of the medullary pyramids, suspect medullary nephrocalcinosis. What does that mean?

Slightly increased echogenicity of the medullary pyramids, suspect medullary nephrocalcinosis. What does that mean?

Medullary: nephrocalcinosis refers to deposition of calcium salts in the medulla of the kidney. They are like tiny stones. There are many causes, including medullary sponge kidney, hyperparathyroidism, hypervitaminosis D, milk alkali syndrome, renal tubular acidosis, Cushings, hyperuricemia, and more. So you need to discuss the results with your doctor to determine what it might mean in your case. ...Read more

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Ct scan of head findings : modrerate prominence of cortical sulci, gyri, sylvian, fissures, csterns ventricles and cerebellar foliae. ...What to do ?

Ct scan of head  findings : modrerate prominence of cortical sulci, gyri, sylvian, fissures, csterns ventricles and cerebellar foliae. ...What to do ?

CT scan: These sound like age related changes in the brain. As we get older the brain gets smaller so these findings described here are not uncommon. If you are 25 years old you have problems, if you are 70 years then this is the result of aging. ...Read more

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U/s liver findings-7mm L lobe nodule.& 2.1x2 cm mixed echogenicity nodule subcapsular portion of the inferior aspect R lobe. concerning?rest liver ok.

U/s liver findings-7mm L lobe nodule.& 2.1x2 cm mixed echogenicity nodule subcapsular portion of the inferior aspect R lobe. concerning?rest liver ok.

LIVER LESION EVAL: A Liver Lesion identified on ultrasound needs to be followed closely. You need to have LABS monitered and evaluation for hepatitis. A repeat Ultrasound or potentially Abdominal MRI may be needed. Also Consult with a GI specialist, to insure that a biopsy is not warranted. ...Read more

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7mm ovoid lesion fluid density shown within posterior inferior aspect of right basal ganglia small vessel coursing through it incidental virchow robin?

7mm ovoid lesion fluid density shown within posterior inferior aspect of right basal ganglia small vessel coursing through it incidental virchow robin?

Difficult to tell: without actually looking at the scan. Virchow Robin spaces are found normally and accompany blood vessels as they penetrate the brain. They contain cerebrospinal fluid and if they expand they can look quite pathological however it would be difficult to tell for sure without looking at the scan and knowing more. Would be happy to provide a virtual consult if needed. Best of luck! ...Read more

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Thyroid ultrasound show mild diffused parenchymal hyper vasuclarity.3mm hyperechoic nodule in the lateral aspect in the left lobe thyroid normal > tsh?

Thyroid ultrasound show mild diffused parenchymal hyper vasuclarity.3mm hyperechoic nodule in the lateral aspect in the left lobe thyroid normal > tsh?

Possibly thyroiditis: Hypervascularity is a typical finding in people with underlying autoimmune thyroiditis (hashimoto's or graves disease). The 3 mm nodule is likely of no significance and can be watched. You need to know your TSH level. Getting thyroid antibodies (thyroid peroxidase, thyroglobulin antibodies) would be helpful in making a diagnosis. ...Read more

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Mechanism of symmetrical ascending paralysis development?

Mechanism of symmetrical ascending paralysis development?

Beyond scope: We're allowed 400 characters at this site. I ecommend webmd.Com for the depth tha to are apparently looking for. ...Read more

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S+s of end stage primary brain cancer, (aa iii) r medial temporal lobe, diffuse numerous cells. Growing!/brainstem and posterior temp./basal ganglia?

S+s of end stage primary brain cancer, (aa iii) r medial temporal lobe, diffuse numerous cells. Growing!/brainstem and posterior temp./basal ganglia?

Ask for more info: Signs and symptoms can vary greatly with any 'end-stage' cancer. Things like if it has spread to other organs, impacting functional status and alertness (sleeping more, in bed most of the time), causing pain/seizures, and so on. His doctors can maybe determine what is most likely. If not involved already ask for hospice or palliative care help as they could also help answer what the s/s might be. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms and signs of the upper motor neuron lesion (cortex, internal capsule, brainstem, spinal cord) ?

What are the symptoms and signs of the upper motor neuron lesion (cortex, internal capsule, brainstem, spinal cord) ?

Variable, but: Typical results of a stroke affecting brainstem and rostral structures, could see focal weakness over unilateral arm and leg, with possible problem with speech. Spinal cord smaller area and maybe both legs and less commonly unilateral arm and leg. ...Read more

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What does this mean, some hyperintense signals are seen in the brainstem, cerebellum and bilateral thalami? Paransal sinuses show mucosal disease?

What does this mean, some hyperintense signals are seen in the brainstem, cerebellum and bilateral thalami? Paransal sinuses show mucosal disease?

Depends: At your age, must wonder about multiple sclerosis (radiologically isolated syndrome), but also, migraine can cause the spots, prior trauma can do this, and prior infection may be responsible. Discuss with a neurologist, as there may be valuable preventative treatment. The sinus issues are separate and consistent with a dry climate. ...Read more

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Concerned about a solid 2cm hypoechoic area on left kidney midpole parapelvic region contiguous with lateral cortex similar color flow as renal cortex?

Concerned about a solid 2cm hypoechoic area on left kidney midpole parapelvic region contiguous with lateral cortex similar color flow as renal cortex?

Renal cyst: Sounds like it is a cyst, but other charecteristics and number of cyst decides it is benign or complex cyst. Talk to to your doctor who has the complete report and your clinical condition and kidney function etc ...Read more

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Does colchecine affects renal function?

Does colchecine affects renal function?

Yes it can: It's a good idea to have a baseline renal function test (bun/creatinine) when one is on colchicine. ...Read more

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Result for my brain MRI -asymmetric decreased attenuation in the left basal ganglia, variant dilated perivascular spaces or punctate chronic lacune. ?

Result for my brain MRI -asymmetric decreased attenuation in the left basal ganglia, variant dilated perivascular spaces or punctate chronic lacune.  ?

MRI report: This is language used in radiology to describe what they see. Ordinarily, they cannot distinguish a small stroke (lacune) from a perivascular space. A "puntate lacune" though is very small. It is probably just the side view of a blood vessel (aka perivascular). Do you smoke? Do you have high blood pressure? Do you have diabetes mellitus? Atrial fibrillation? These are stroke risk factors. ...Read more

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ABNORMAL MYOCARDIAL PERFUSION STUDY: SMALL SIZED REVERSIBLE PERFUSION DEFECT INVOLVING APICAL INFEROLATERAL SEGMENT AND APEX OF LEFT VENTRICLE?

ABNORMAL MYOCARDIAL PERFUSION STUDY: SMALL SIZED REVERSIBLE PERFUSION DEFECT INVOLVING APICAL INFEROLATERAL SEGMENT AND APEX OF LEFT VENTRICLE?

Arterial blockage.: Ischemia in areas of the heart, as you have related, infers that the arteries that feed these parts of the heart are narrowed such that blood flow through them reduces with exertion. It means these areas of the heart are vulnerable and further testing is needed and intervention may be necessary. ...Read more

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