Doctor insights on:
Medicine For Thymus Cancer
Thymus mass/cancer: Thymus is a gland we have in our low neck and chest during our childhood. It provides lymphocytes as is involved in our inmune system. This gland usually disappear or leave a small remnant. In some individuals in may grow abnormally causing mass effect in the middle of the chest (mediastinum) which maybe associated to myasthenia. Http://www.cancer.org/cancer/thymuscancer/detailedguide/index. ...Read more
Cancer is a group of diseases that is characterized by uncontrolled cell growth leading to invasion of surrounding tissues that spread to other parts of the body. Cancer can begin anywhere in the body and is usually related to one or more genetic mutations that allow normal cells to become malignant by interfering with internal cellular control mechanisms, such as programmed cell death or by preventing ...Read more
Thymus gland: Thymoma is a slow-growing type of cancer that begins in the thymus. Removal of thymus gland is both diagnostic and potentially therapeutic. This can now be done without "splitting the breast bone". The following links may provide more information: http://goo. Gl/mqtn1 and this one: http://goo. Gl/oetwz and this one: http://goo. Gl/yjnh5. ...Read more
The thymus: Is an organ that is prominent in childhood living behind the sternus and necessary to "instruct" lymphocytes to recognize "self" antigens, have memory (as in, easles, mumps chickn pox), and fend off certain infections. Itinvolutes in adults. Thymic carcinoma occurs rarely sporadically. Thymoma is a benign, but invasive, and associated with myasthenia and certain inflammatory diseases and anemia. ...Read more
Same as anywhere: All you really need to do to get thymic cancer is have a thymus. Cancer is an overgrowth of cells which have lost their responsiveness to the normal signals of the body; this is why they break free and go elsewhere in the body (metastasize). ...Read more
Not mutch: Thymus cancers first they are rare, has variety of histological variability, possibility of spread depends on the type of histology, molecular characteristics of tumor. Recent advances are in molecular profiling of the tumor for target therapy, tumor markers like cd117, although not specific. ...Read more
There are benign: Masses called thymoma, can cause muscle weakness (myesthenic syndrome), pure red cell aplasia (spindle type), and associated with rheumatic diseases (lupus, polymyositis). There is a malignant variety, and carcinoids affecting the organ. The thymus helps develop the t-cell immunity; involutes in adulthood. ...Read more
Which hospitals in US are among the best at treating thymus cancers? Prefer academic hospitals or major cancer centers. Thanks for your referral!
Believe it or not: Believe it or not University hospital of Missouri is actually first for thymus cancers including thymoma at least it was the case within the last 5 years. The important thing is connecting with a doctor you trust. Most oncologists can treat all kinds of cancers, even the rare ones, as long as they keep up with the literature and clinical trials. ...Read more
What about radiation for breast cancer hitting the thymus gland? Can this not cause immune suppression?
There are many diffe: Neck cancer may mean any one of the different cancers. The common ones that can show up in the neck are lymphoma, cancers of the head/neck region that arise inside but spread into the neck lymph nodes and thyroid cancers. The symptoms may be a swelling in the neck (painless usually) and symptoms from the primary cancer such as hoarseness or sores in the mouth or throat. Fever and fatigue can be sx. ...Read more
1) clinical exam, using scopes (laryngoscope, nasoscope)
2) imaging: this includes computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, angiography, ultrasound, among others
3) laboratory studies of blood components
4) always a biopsy is done to prove the diagnosis.
Clinical history (such as smoking, drinking), specific symptoms and length of symptoms all guide in the approach and use of the above. ...Read more
Head and neck cancer: Head and neck cancers span a wide range of sites and cancer types with several causes. Depending on the site and type of cancer, many people are cured or do quite well. Several details about the cancer will substratify it into one with a more or less favorable prognosis if you know more specifically what type of cancer and its location. ...Read more
Common ones: Common signs can be a tip off for underlying head/neck cancer. A sore throat that gets worse despite antibiotics, a neck lump that keeps growing, voice hoarseness that get worse despite rest and therapy, or difficulty swallowing that gets worse are some common situations. General signs (major tiredness, unintentional weight loss) can happen. In pts with smoking & alcohol use the are more worrisome. ...Read more
Not necessarily: Lumps anywhere are either benign or cancerous. Benign lumps in neck are frequently caused by infections in the throat which are common (colds and coughs due to viruses). But cancer can affect the neck lymph nodes or any other organs like thyroid or inside the mouth, which can show up as an enlarged neck nodes. You need to think cancer when the lump is painless and is continuing to grow for >3-4 wk. ...Read more
Many: The world health organization shows about 28 different types of salivary gland tumors, 35 thyroid gland tumors, 40 sinonasal tract tumors, about 18 larynx tumors, a dozen or more ear tumors. So -- while squamous cell carcinoma accounts for the majority of tumors, there are "hundreds" of tumor types in the head and neck. ...Read more
Biopsy: The only definitive way is to get a biopsy to see if any mass is cancerous and if so, what type of cancer so any treatment would be tailored to it, etc. That being said, all neck masses are not cancerous. Blood tests, x-rays and being evaluated by a dr. Are all things that may be needed before anything like a biopsy is even ordered by a dr. Best wishes to you. ...Read more
Not exactly: X-rays help you detect abnormalities such as a mass that is not normal but they do not tell you what that mass is. In order to figure this out you need to have a biopsy. The tissue obtained at the time of a biopsy is then reviewed by a pathologist who can help identify whether the mass is consistent with cancer. Other imaging tests like ct scans or MRI can be more helpful in delineating anatomy. ...Read more