Doctor insights on:
Medicine For Opportunistic Infections In Aids
Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more
Possibly: This could be a sign of aids developing from HIV itself. Could be 'final stage' if no longer responding to haart (anti-viral treatments) which should help prevent most opportunistic infections once the HIV viral load is suppressed. If otherwise stable most of these infections have specific treatment options. ...Read more
Caused by HIV: Aids is a clinical syndrome caused by infection with hiv. Over time HIV weakens the immune system. As the immune system wanes, the person has an increasingly difficult time fighting off infections from which a person with a "normal" immune system would typically not suffer, a.K.A. "opportunistic" infections. These can include other viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites. Hope this helps. ...Read more
Healthy lifestyle: Eat healthfully w at least 5 servings of vegetables & 4 of fruit /day (organic is best). Increase nutritional fiber. Avoid refined sugar & junk carbohydrates. Avoid sweetened juices, soda & caffeinated beverages. Watch portion sizes. No tobacco, illicit drugs & low to no alcohol use. Aim for 7.5 to 8 hrs sleep /night. Hydrate w at least 64 oz of water / day. Maintain good hygiene. Daily physical ...Read more
Immunodeficiency: Primary or acquired immunodeficiency should be suspected. ...Read more
Immune problem?: It can be very normal for a toddler to have a mild respiratory infection once a month, and secondary infections such as thrush and yeast infections can result. The term OPPORTUNISTIC infection has a very specific implication in the medical field. Recurrent, true, opportunistic infections in a child indicates immune dysfunction until proven otherwise, and requires a complete medical evaluation. ...Read more
If a rapid progressor has HIV then does he remains sick continuosly for 2 - 3 yrs or get opportunistic infections at the end of these 2 - 3 yrs ?
HIV: Your astute question is difficult to answer, mainly because this is such a highly variable illness, with each patient providing their own clinical variant. As a rule, patients who progress rapidly have low CD4 counts earlier than others, and this obviously then predisposes to opportunistic infections, but interestingly some not as readily as others. Hope this helps. ...Read more
there should be zero opportunistic infections if one is on effective HIV treatment. This is the miracle of this decade. Good care and appropriate medications lead to prolonged health and longer life.
But, without treatment there are the standards: thrush, pneumocystis, shingles, severe herpes, lymphoma, meningitis, etc. ...Read more
Are there treatments to boost immunity in immunocompromised people? Or are there only treatments for the potential opportunistic infections?
Depends: On the cause for immune compromise, primary or secondary, replacement therapy with immunoglobulins is given if low, stopping the offending drug or titrating if it is the cause, Antiretroviral therapy in HIV, bone marrow transplant if bone marrow failure either 1ry or 2ry, otherwise good sleep, fresh air, exercise, lots of fruits and vegetables and healthy lifestyle, wish you wellness, ...Read more
Where can I find relatively extensive info on immunosuppression & opportunistic infections on the web other than wikipedia? Thanks in advance!
Many sites: Try web MD, google thetopics and you will find a lot of sites. You can also ask your physician about options ...Read more
Can opportunistic infections occur in healthy people? Ie- if you get one does this mean you have a serious immune issue like hiv or cancer?
Opportunistic infect: Usually but we never say never opportunistic infections as the name implies needs an " opportunity" due to a decreased immune response. other weakened states are diabetes , autoimmune disease., infancy or elderly What infection are you referring to and where is ti occurring? Some like coccidio occur in health individual in endemic areas, as can histo . f/u/ w/ doc ...Read more
Why can opportunistic infections may increase the risk of malnutrition in the patient with HIV / aids?
Multiple reasons: Infections generate the release of cytokines which suppress appetite; some opportunistic pathogens (giardia, cryptosporidium, CMV and others) may actually cause malabsorption resulting in malnutrition and vitamin deficiencies. There is also a wasting syndrome in aids, the full etiology of which is not yet fully understood. ...Read more
Is it possible for someone with a Hep C/multi sub-strain HIV co infection who uses recreational drugs to transition to AIDS in under a year?
Full Blown AIDS:
Unfortunately yes, with both infections and if not properly treated or if your strain of HIV is resistant, you can progress to bull blown AIDS in a short period of time. Do you have a specialist? Here is a link to the mobile clinic in Houston Schedule http://www.houstontx.gov/health/hiv-mobile-clinic
And another link for HIV Advocacy http://www.centerforaids.org/ ...Read more
No, HIV causes AIDS: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that causes progressive destruction of the immune system, which can lead to acquired immune deficiency syndrome (aids). As the immune system declines, a person can get one of 20+ opportunistic infections associated with aids. A person can also have aids if their CD4 or t-cell count (marker of immune function) is. ...Read more
Difficult to say: It is difficult to say exactly what are the common symptoms in someone with aids. Some people may have absolutely no symptoms at the time of diagnosis. Typical common symptoms may be very nonspecific, such as fever, weight loss, cough, or rash. As you can tell, these may also represent a typical cold or flu. Thus, the general recommendation is if you are concerned about hiv/aids, get tested. ...Read more
PCP, MAC, CMV: There are 20+ opportunistic infections often seen with hiv/aids. The following link has a list of the opportunistic infections: http://www.Aids.Gov/hiv-aids-basics/staying-healthy-with-hiv-aids/potential-related-health-problems/opportunistic-infections/ the common ones that i see in my practice includes pcp pneumonia, disseminated mycobacterium avium complex, cytomegalovirus, and candidiasis. ...Read more
Sex and drugs: Straight people can get infected by sharing needles or through sex. Women can be infected through vaginal or anal sex with an infected male partner. Straight men can get infected through sex with women, especially if they're uncircumcized and/or have genital ulcers. Straight men can also get infected by having sex with men, since "straight" describes orientation, not behavior. ...Read more
Would be reckless: To render an opinion without an exam and medical history. Please consult with your physician or dentist as soon as possible. Hope this helps. ...Read more
Unsure if true in US: It is not clear that hiv/aids has contributed to lower economic growth rates in the us as the prevalence of HIV infection in the us is not as high as others. However, hiv/aids has dramatically affected and decimated economies in many countries in africa because of the high prevalence. Many people infected with HIV in africa are in their productive years, but can't work thus affecting economy. ...Read more
PCR: The polymerase chain reaction is often positive by then. If any concern, please do get seen. Good luck. ...Read more
What are the chances of fighting HIV infection and becoming healthy before it gets more serious and turns to aids.
The miracle with HIV:
I would dare say it is 100% likely that you can be get a full immunity and normal health back with access to good health care and choosing a trusted HIV expert to be your partner in this. With good testing and treatment today no one should progress to aids...At least without some good reason.
If you have not found a good provider yet you can find one here: http://www.Aahivm.Org. ...Read more
Aids virus: Yes.Get a more detailed answer ›
How to know when do the symptoms of hiv/aids infection show up shortly after you have been infected?
Early HIV symptoms:
If one gets symptoms early in their infection with HIV it is in general like getting the flu. One has a severe fatigue.
But, please remember and learn that if one has a high risk exposure the infection can be prevented. Post exposure prophylaxis (pep) can be initiated within 72 hours of exposure and the efficacy of this prevention technique can lower the risk of infection up to 2000 percent. ...Read more
Fungal infection just after one month of post risky exposure can be the symptom of progression to AIDS?
Fungal infection: fungal infection of the throat/ mouth can be sign of hiv/aids , and this usually happens when the person's CD4 drops to below 200 , most of the times a count below 200 does not occur immediatly after a recent infection, oral fungal infection in an adult can also be from steroid use, chemotherapy etc..., but it is surely possible after hiv infection, get tested if worried especially after post exp. ...Read more
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