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Doctor insights on: Medicine For Mycobacterium Infections

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Mycobacterium intracellulare infection, am I contagious?

Mycobacterium intracellulare infection, am I contagious?

Many mycobacteria: There are >200 species of mycobacteria. We worry about mycobacterium tuberculosis because it can be transmitted between people. Atypical mycobacterium, like mai, are not contageous. These are in our h2o supply ; we drink/inhale them. Most are problematic in people w/lung diseases (copd/cystic fibrosis) or those who are immunocompromised (hiv/transplant patients). In normal hosts usually no worry. ...Read more

Dr. Jeffrey Wint
9 Doctors shared insights

Infection (Definition)

Infections are invasions of some other organism (fungus, bacteria, parasite) or viruses into places where they do not belong. For instance, we have normal gut bacteria that live within us without causing problems; however, when those penetrate the bowel wall and enter the bloodstream, ...Read more


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How common is it for somebody to get mycobacterium tuberculosis infection?

How common is it for somebody to get mycobacterium tuberculosis infection?

Common: World wide TB is an endemic illness affecting millions of people. In the US, TB is some times seen in immigrants from poor countries. It is also associated with immune deficiency, including AIDS. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: mycobacterium tuberculosis infection?

What is the definition or description of: mycobacterium tuberculosis infection?

Chronic infection: Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an infectious organism that spreads by droplets coughed out by an infected person. Infection is established initially in lungs, but can spread within lungs & to other body parts, or can become latent, with reactivation occurring years to decades later. With effective treatment, it can be completely eliminated although drug resistant strains are becoming common. ...Read more

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Do people with mycobacterium tuberculosis infection have a lot of pain?

Do people with mycobacterium tuberculosis infection have a lot of pain?

Usually not: Mycobacterial tuberculosis infection can affect any part of the body and depending on the organ affected may have dull pain especially if skin and/or bone are involved. In vast majority of patients with TB pain is not a dominant symptom. ...Read more

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Which treatment works the best and fastest for mycobacterium tuberculosis infection?

Which treatment works the best and fastest for mycobacterium tuberculosis infection?

For TB: Treatment is empiric at first, most commonly using four drugs to avoid the development of resistant organisms. After testing of the bug (which can take 8 weeks), treatment can be narrowed to two drugs to which it is susceptible, but continued for a total of 6 months (at least). Treatment of TB works best when it is administered under direct supervision of a qualified public health official. ...Read more

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Will mycobacterium tuberculosis infection kill me if I don't get treatment?

Will mycobacterium tuberculosis infection kill me if I don't get treatment?

Yes: And you will hurt everyone you love and live with by infecting them as well. In many countries you don't get to decide. You either take the treatment voluntarily or you get detained and kept in isolation.
This applies to open tuberculosis. If you have latent tuberculosis, it's a different story. Chances of death from latent TB are almost zero, unless it turns into the open form. ...Read more

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What's the best treatment to get rid of mycobacterium tuberculosis infection?

What's the best treatment to get rid of mycobacterium tuberculosis infection?

Multi-drug therapy: Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacterium that causes tuberculosis. This was the among the most common causes of lung disease in the early 20th century when it was called "consumption." Nowadays it is unusual in the US but still common in the 3rd world and very serious. Treatment is a regimen of 2 to 4 drugs for many months. Resistant strains are cropping up, which complicates matters greatly. ...Read more

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Why is non TB mycobacterium occur again when a surgery on the left lung is done, now its on the right started medicine.?

Needs abx: Imagine the lung as a sponge filled with air in which the pipes comunicate with each other; the non-mtb travels from one piece of the lung to other. Surgery is for the most affected lung but you need antibiotics as well. ...Read more

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What is the best way to treat mycobacterium abscessus?

What is the best way to treat mycobacterium abscessus?

M. abscessus: Mycobacterium abscessus complex is a group of rapidly growing, multidrug-resistant, nontuberculous mycobacteria. They can cause a whole range of skin and soft tissue diseases, central nervous system infections, bacteremia, and ocular and other infections. Some of the drugs used include clarithromycin, amikacin, and cefoxitin. However treatment really is best coordinated by an ID doc who knows. ...Read more

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What to do about mycobacterium intracellular (not avium)?

What to do about mycobacterium intracellular (not avium)?

Mycobacteria: Mycobacterium intracellulare is something of a difficult bacterium to treat. Depending on the site of infection, you either need an Infectious Diseases specialist or a lung specialist. Sometimes you need both! Usually this germ attacks those that are weakened - either by disease (cancer, AIDS) or some structural problem - such as damaged airways from smoking. There is good treatment, though. ...Read more

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How can I culture mycobacterium tuberculosis?

How can I culture mycobacterium tuberculosis?

ThroughTheLab: You can not culture Mycobacterium Tuberculosis by your self. The specimen has to be collected by your doctor or healthcare provider properly and sent to be Bacteriological Laboratory to be cultured where it is incubated for several days to grow the mycobacterium as it is slow growing bacteria ...Read more

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How does mycobacterium tuberculosis cause turberculosis?

Infects and prevails: Mycobacterium Tuberculosis is a bacteria that causes Disease Tuberculosis in humans. The most common infection is in the lungs but it can infect other organs in the body as well. How it calls infection is the same way any other infectioius agent enters our body. Our body tries to fight the infection on it's own and many are able to survive that. While others succumb to it and end up with disease ...Read more

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Is Mycobacterium Chelonae contagious from human to human?

Not really: This bug is everywhere in our environment and only people with immune problems typically are affected/ ...Read more

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What is the reason of TB mycobacterium being acid fast?

Cell wall: The complex lipids in the cell wall produce the staining. ...Read more

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What is the pathophysiology of mycobacterium tuberculosis?

What is the pathophysiology of mycobacterium tuberculosis?

Complex: Mtb is acquired thru respiratory route and replicates in the lung before asymptomatically disseminates to other organs. After about 6-8 weeks, the immune system starts to respond to the bug, walling the bacilli off in granulomas. Other than a positive skin test, 90% of people stay well. Of the rest, half will "reactivate" within 2 yrs and the others later sometimes due to immune suppression. ...Read more

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Consequences and treatment for mycobacterium avium intracellulare?

Consequences and treatment for mycobacterium avium intracellulare?

Complex: M. Avium- intracellulare (mac) infections can result in lung and other organ damage, depending on the severity of immunodeficiency. In people with an intact immune system, mac infection is a slow process and can take years before therapy is initiated (2 or 3 antibiotics- e.g. Ethambutol, cipro, (ciprofloxacin) and rifabutin). Therapy can last a minimum of 12 months if a lung infection is involved. ...Read more

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What could happen if you have high lipid content of mycobacterium tuberculosis?

??: The higher lipid content of the cell wall of TB bacteria doesn't affect one's blood lipids. ...Read more

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How does mycobacterium leprae spread?

How does mycobacterium leprae spread?

Leprosy: About 95% of people have natural immunity to Leprosy. It is most likely that leprosy is transmitted by lengthy & close contact with nasal droplets from an infected person. Armadillos serve as a vector for Leprosy in the US. ...Read more

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What does mycobacterium lepromatosis means?

What does mycobacterium lepromatosis means?

Leprosy: Mycobacterium lepromatosis is one of the bacteria that cause leprosy. ...Read more

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How do mycobacterium TB grow?

How do mycobacterium TB grow?

MYCOBACTERIUM TB: Acid -fast bacilli are slow growing aerobic, commonly found in the lungs. It is a chronic progressive infection transmitted by inhalation of droplets of the baclli. ...Read more

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Is mycobacterium avium contagious?

Is mycobacterium avium contagious?

M. Avium: Non- tuberculous mycobacterium such as avium and many other mycobacterial species are not transmitted from person to person ...Read more

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What is mycobacterium kansasii not mycobacterium tb?

What is mycobacterium kansasii not mycobacterium tb?

A diffeent bacteria: A diffeent mycobacterias causes problems in people that has prior damage on the lung...Bronchiectasis copd, etc but also in persons whose immune system is weak. ...Read more

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What are the symptoms of mycobacterium tuberculosis?

What are the symptoms of mycobacterium tuberculosis?

Depends on where: But the most common site for tuberculosis is the lung and symptoms include fever, cough, night sweats and weight loss. ...Read more

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Life expectancy with atypical mycobacterium kansasii?

Life expectancy with atypical mycobacterium kansasii?

It depends: On whether the individual has underlying diseases that might make the infection worse or affect mortality as well. ...Read more

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How does mycobacterium tuberculosis attack and spread?

InfectionAndSpread: Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Bacteria attacks healthy&some not so healthy people when they are exposed to some one who is already infected&has active infection with positive bacteria in their lungs. And by close contact one can acquire that bacteria. Not every one who gets infected comes up with the active disease but some do and others overcome with body's resistannce. Those infected are contagious ...Read more

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What is the time period for which mycobacterium leprae remain active on dry surfaces?

What is the time period for which mycobacterium leprae remain active on dry surfaces?

Unknown: Mycobacteria including mycobacterium tuberculosis can remain active on dry surfaces for months. However, it is unknown how long mycobacteria laprae would remain active. ...Read more

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What could be the reason why mycobacterium tuberculosis is resistant to many biocides?

AntibioticResistance: Resistance is caused by non compliance as people do not take two or three drugs for six months or more. It in the long term make some antibiotics ineffective due to bacterial resistance. But another factor is the Bacteria become smart and as the Antibiotics are used over the years find a different mode to survive like all other Antibiotcs we have used over the years. It is a big problem ...Read more