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Doctor insights on: Medicine For Mitral Stenosis

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Are there any drugs that can help mitral stenosis?

Are there any drugs that can help mitral stenosis?

More below: Yes. Diuretics and beta blockers however mitral stenosis will lead to death if the valve area is less than 1 cm2 and it remains untreated (surgically). ...Read more

Dr. Robert Binford
79 Doctors shared insights

Mitral Stenosis (Definition)

Mitral stenosis is a valvular heart disease which narrows the opening of the mitral valve. This decrease the flow of blood flow from the left atrium to the left ...Read more


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What is mitral stenosis?

Narrowing: Mitral stenosis is a narrowing of the valve that controls the flow of blood from the left atrium to the left ventricle of the heart. This can have many causes and, depending upon the severity of the stenosis, may or may not cause symptoms. This must be followed, because the degree of stenosis can increase over time and require replacement. ...Read more

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What is mitral stenosis?

Valve tightening: This is a situation where the mitral valve is tight, producing some restriction to blood flowing through. It can either be something a person is born with or something that is caused by disease. ...Read more

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Is mitral stenosis inherited?

Is mitral stenosis inherited?

Mitral stenosis: Usually from rheumatic fever and not inherited. ...Read more

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What is mild mitral stenosis?

What is mild mitral stenosis?

Narrowing: Mitral stenosis is a thickening of the mitral valve leaflets. This results in narrowing that restricts blood flow through the valve.

Ms is rated as mild, moderate, or severe. Severe ms usually requires valve surgery.

Mild does not cause symptoms but should be monitored periodically. ...Read more

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How do you treat mitral stenosis?

It depends on cause: Mitral stenosis may be mild and not require specific therapy. For more significant mitral stenosis, treatment is either catheter-based or surgical. Catheter-based therapies involve feeding a balloon-tipped catheter through a large blood vessel in the groin into the heart and across the narrowed mitral valve. The balloon is inflated with relief of stenosis. Surgery involves repair or replacement. ...Read more

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Can one die from mitral stenosis?

Can one die from mitral stenosis?

Yes: Absolutely, although this is rare in the United States. Causes of death would include stroke (secondary to associated atrial fibrillation) or end-stage congestive heart failure. ...Read more

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What occurs during mitral stenosis?

Restricts blood flow: Mitral stenosis is when the mitral valve fails to open sufficiently. This restricts the blood flow into the left ventricle (the main pumping chamber). This causes the left atrium to dilate and increase pressure in the lungs. This causes shortness of breath, increase BP in lungs, abnormal heart rhythms, and heart failure. ...Read more

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What are the causes mitral stenosis?

Infections: Most common cause, although rare these days in the westernized world, is rheumatic fever (due to strep infectipns) in young age, which leads to scarring of the valve over time with narrowing - stenosis. Other infections (endocarditis) can lead to mitral stenosis as well. ...Read more

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Can someone? Die from mitral stenosis?

Can someone? Die from mitral stenosis?

Yes: Mitral stenosis usually presents with a long history (years)of symptoms including shortness of breath, weakness, arrhythmias and heart failure etc. One can die from this condition. ...Read more

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Can someone die from mitral stenosis?

Can someone die from mitral stenosis?

Mitral stenosis: Much more common in under developed countries than in theusa because of inacessible antibiotics on a regular basis to treat rheumatic fever, which is the most common cause of later mitral stenosis which can be lethal if not treated. ...Read more

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What does mitral stenosis results in?

Depends on severity: Progressively restricted opening of the mitral valve, measured by serial echocardiography, results in higher pressures in the lung circulation and reduced cardiac output when exercising. Worsening shortness of breath and cardiac arrhythmias may be the result. There are evidence based guidelines to help your doctors decide when to intervene to improve quality and length of life. ...Read more

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What are the tests for mitral stenosis?

What are the tests for mitral stenosis?

Echo, cath: Echocardiogram is the most common test for mitral stenosis, as the structure and function of the valve can be assessed visually. Cxr can give information regarding chamber size and valve calcification. Ekg and holter monitor can reveal atrial fibrilation, a common arrhythmia associated with mitral stenosis. Heart cath would reveal the hemodynamics and the need for surgical intervention. ...Read more

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What can I do to treat mitral stenosis?

Depends: Depends on severity as per cutaneous (valvuloplasty) or surgery (usually replacement) are reserved for symptomatic & advanced cases that no longer respond to medications which is first line option. If intervention is required than echocardiography is used to determine if surgery or balloon valvuloplasty is best option. Talk to your cardiologist. ...Read more

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What are symptoms of? Mild mitral stenosis?

What are symptoms of? Mild mitral stenosis?

Depends: Mild mitral stenosis does not usually cause symptoms. Some people with more severe mitral stenosis have atrial fibrillation or heart failure. ...Read more

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Why there is no pain associated with mitral stenosis?

Mitral Stenosis: For starters, there are no specific pain fibers in the heart. When the valve is stenotic (narrowed) it impedes flow between the left atrium and ventricle. This causes enlargement of the left atrium and elevation of pressure in that chamber and pulmonary circulation. The symptom is then not pain but shortness of breath. ...Read more

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What's a simple way to say what mitral stenosis really is?

Narrow gate: Narrowing of the gate between the left upper and left lower chambers. This prevents blood from freely entering the lower chamber thus reducing amount of blood available to be pumped causing fatigue. Also there is build up of back pressure hence water logging of lungs, liver, abdomen and limbs causing shortness of breath, nausea, poor appetite and leg swelling. Symptoms depend on degree of narrowing. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Mitral stenosis?

Mitral stenosis: Mitral stenosis is a valvular heart disease which narrows the opening of the mitral valve. This decrease the flow of blood flow from the left atrium to the left ventricle of the heart. ...Read more

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What to do if I have mitral stenosis. Is it getting worse?

What to do if I have mitral stenosis. Is it getting worse?

Depends: Mitral stenosis as it progresses causes the Left atrium to enlarge and can cause a-Fib. This can lead to increased pulmonary pressures which can lead to right heart failure. So there is a drop in cardiac out put from deceased pre-load and severe pulmonary hypertension leading to edema, ascites, etc. The drs can do a surface echo, TEE, right and left heart cath to evaluate and time the surgery. ...Read more

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Is there a cure for mitral stenosis?

Not exactly: There are several treatment options but no medicine can open the valve. These treatments can reduce the blockage but the falve is still abnormal or replaced with an artificial valve. Sometime a ballon can be inserted thru the valve to stretch it open and improve flow. Rarely can the valve be repaired (unlike a leaking valve which is usually repaired). It can be replaced with an artificial valve. ...Read more

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What are the treatments for mitral stenosis?

What are the treatments for mitral stenosis?

Mitral stenosis: If severe, mitral stenosis is treated either with balloon valvuloplasty if the valve is not too calcified, or valve replacement. ...Read more

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How is it that mitral stenosis causes dyspnea?

How is it that mitral stenosis causes dyspnea?

Depends on severity: If severe, mitral stenosis can cause pulmonary edema or fluid buildup in the lung tissue and air spaces as a result of increasing left atrial pressure and pulmonary venous congestion. This may led to shortness of breath as well as crackles on exam. ...Read more

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Is mitral stenosis fatal? Can it be cured?

See below: Ms (mitral stenosis) is not fatal if treated appropriately. Once diagnosed, close follow up necessary. If the patient develops symptoms such as shortness of breath, afib, pulmonary hypertension, chf, . ..Or a mean gradients> 10, mitral valve area <1. For best results, surgical replacement is required. Balloon valvuloplasty is possible but not all patients are candidates. ...Read more

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Why do malar flushes occur in mitral stenosis?

Malar flush: From the Merck manual:

The classic facial appearance in MS, a plum-colored malar flush, occurs only when cardiac output is low and pulmonary hypertension is severe; cause is cutaneous vasodilation and chronic hypoxemia. ...Read more

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What is the life expectancy of mitral stenosis?

Variable: Mitral stenosis can cause disabling heart failure in the 40s or lesser symptoms later in life. The disease is becoming quite uncommon in United States and is more often seen in patients born overseas. In cases detected early, and the valve is repaired or replaced, the life expectancy should be the same as a healthy patient of the same age. ...Read more

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What would life expectancy be if mitral stenosis?

What would life expectancy be if mitral stenosis?

Variable: Severe = short
mild = normal
the devil is in the details. (it's treatable so people don't die of MS like they used to). ...Read more

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When does mitral stenosis become a problem for a patient?

Severe blockage: In mitral stenosis, the opening of the mitral valve is too small. If it gets small enough, then the patient can begin to have symptoms such as shortness of breath and fatigue. So it depends on how severe the blockage is. ...Read more

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Difference between the characteristics of mitral stenosis and mitral regurgitaion?

Blocked vs Leaking: Stenosis means the valve does not open enough and restricts the flow of blood thru the valve. Regugitation means the valve leaks when closed and allows blood to flow in reverese. Both cause the hear to have to work harder. Mitral regurge is much more common than stenosis in industrialized nations because antibiotics used to treat strep infections have reduced rheumatic fever rates. ...Read more

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Could you tell me why mitral stenosis causes dyspnea?

Could you tell me why mitral stenosis causes dyspnea?

Multiple causes: Dyspnea is difficult breathing. Ms causes this in multiple ways. Increased lung water (back up into the lungs.) dilated left atrium compressing the left main stem bronchus. Decreased cardiac output (and o2 delivery) leading to a sensation of needing to breathe harder. Atrial arrhythmias leading to decreased cardiac output and increased water in the lungs. Each person has variable contribution. ...Read more

Stricture (Definition)

A stricture is an anatomic narrowing of any structure in the body with a lumen. Depending on the organ, the underlying causes can be traumatic, ...Read more


Dr. Hamid Sajjadi
1 Doctor shared a insight

Stenosis (Definition)

Constriction or narrowing of something - duct, artery, passage way such as the outlet of the stomach into the small ...Read more