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Doctor insights on: Medicine For Immunodeficiency Syndromes

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Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome preventable yet?

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome preventable yet?

Safe sex.: Safe sex, avoiding illicit drug use, and universal precautions for healthcare workers can prevent most cases of hiv. ...Read more

Dr. Dawn Sokol
177 Doctors shared insights

Weak Immune System (Definition)

That's when a person has a weakened immune system from whatever reason: drugs, infection, malnutrition, etc. While immunodeficiency, is when an arm of the immune system is weakened or absent, can be something primary (born with) or secondary (acquired later in life) ...Read more


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Besides HIV what leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome?

Besides HIV what leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome?

Synonymous: Aids is caused by HIV infection. You can become immuno-suppressed by other conditions and illnesses, but the term is generally used to mean the result of HIV infection, although not everybody with HIV infection will have aids, . ...Read more

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Besides HIV what can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome?

Besides HIV what can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome?

Secondary immunodef: As dr. Gallant explains, only hiv-1 and hiv-2 cause aids. If you are asking what other causes are there for other aquired immune deficiencies besides hiv/aids, then there are several. A new one was just reported this week from an nih team. Sometimes these are called "other secondary immunodeficiency" rather than "other acquired immunodeficiency syndromes (aids)". See an immunologist. ...Read more

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Is there anything besides HIV that leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome?

Is there anything besides HIV that leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome?

No: For all practical purposes the answer is no, but there are other means of depleting the CD4 count, some of which are of unknown source. They can produce a similar result as hiv, and we can do this as well with some of the drugs used to treat a variety of illnesses in medical practice. But when we talk about immunodeficiency syndrome we are almost always talking about HIV disease. ...Read more

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Which immune cells are most often attacked in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome?

Which immune cells are most often attacked in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome?

CD4 T helper cells: The CD4 t helper cells are reduced by HIV infection. The virus that causes aids also infects macrophage cells but the reduction in t helper cells is the most important indicator of HIV disease progression towards aids. ...Read more

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Can acquired immunodeficiency syndrome from swimming at the same time as other aids patients in the pool?

Can acquired immunodeficiency syndrome from swimming at the same time as other aids patients in the pool?

No: Hiv is not transmitted casually, and the virus, even if somehow entered the water, which is highly unlikely, would be rapidly killed, and even if not, would need some portal of entry into the other person - either directly to their blood or an open lesion. All virtually impossible. ...Read more

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How do I find an MD who has expertise in treating CFIDS, FMS & Primary Immunodeficiency Syndrome, or, what type of M.D. usually treats these?

How do I find an MD who has expertise in treating CFIDS, FMS & Primary Immunodeficiency Syndrome, or, what type of M.D. usually treats these?

Internal medicine: An Internal Medicine Specialist would be the most qualified person to address your concerns. The Physician may involve an immunologist and a pain specialist as part of a care team. ...Read more

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Are you ever able to recover from a weak immune system due to drug abuse?

Are you ever able to recover from a weak immune system due to drug abuse?

Probably: If you are now well nourished, this answer is a qualified yes. However if you have since contracted HIV or TB or have suffered irreversible liver damage, the answer may be different. Good luck to your path to recovery. ...Read more

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I have an immunodeficiency, What does it mean?

I have an immunodeficiency, What does it mean?

Impaired immune syst: That means that you have an impairment in your immune system although we will need more details to tell you what this may lead to since there are different types of immunodeficiency. Most patients present with recurrent sinus +/- lung infections but others may have more serious issues. Ask your doctor about it. ...Read more

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What is the cause of combined immunodeficiency?

What is the cause of combined immunodeficiency?

Several gene defects: Combined immunodeficiency (cid) results from many gene defects, they have in common that the result is impairment of the cells of the immune system and also the production of antibodies. Cells and antibodies are essential to fight infections and also for surveillance of cancer cells. ...Read more

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How is severe combined immunodeficiency inhereited?

How is severe combined immunodeficiency inhereited?

Forms of SCID: The original question asked about scid (severe combined immunedeficiency), not cvid (common variable immunodeficiency). There are several types of scid. Scid can be transmitted by both x-linked, and autosomal recessive patterns. Patients with scid have a defect in their immune system that makes them vulnerable to deadly infections. See an immunologist if you suspect scid. ...Read more

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What are the risks associated with immunodeficiency?

Infections and: Tumors.
Immune deficiency makes a person susceptible to various infections by bacterial, viruses, fungi etc that can affect any organ system. Patients with immune deficiency are also at risk for tumors such as kaposi sarcoma, lymphoma and skin cancers. Ironically immune deficiency may also contribute to auto-immune diseases. ...Read more

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What are the tests for severe combined immunodeficiency?

Depends: Scid screening should be done very early in life -- within the first few days. This test is clinically available and looks for, or the lack of, trec's -- which are parts of dna that should be present if immune system is developing properly. If scid screen is abnl and suggests scid the immunophenotyping will be done to confirm screen and further identify genetic defect. ...Read more

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In what way is severe combined immunodeficiency transmitted?

In what way is severe combined immunodeficiency transmitted?

Inherited: Severe combined immunodeficiency (scid) is a genetic condition. The defective gene is transmitted from parents to their children, though many times is an 'accident of nature' that starts with the affected child. Genetic counseling is helpful. ...Read more

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Does anyone treat a baby with severe combined immunodeficiency?

Does anyone treat a baby with severe combined immunodeficiency?

SCID treatment: Highly-trained pediatric immunologists in hospital settings are generally the doctors who treat scid. A good place for you to start learning about this disorder is to go to the website of the immune deficiency foundation: www. Primaryimmune. Org or to go to the jeffrey modell centers website: www. Info4pi. Org. Your local allergist/immunologist can also refer you to the nearest facility in your area. ...Read more

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What's the difference between immunodeficiency and autoimmunity?

What's the difference between immunodeficiency and autoimmunity?

Function and target: The immune system should react against substances that harm us, and should tolerate substances that do not harm us. In immunodeficiency, there is a weakness on the immune response. Infectious occur frequently and more severe. In autoimmunity, there is malfunction on the immune response, targetting our own tissues, such as our joints in rheumatoid arthritis. Both processes may occur together. ...Read more

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What challenges do people with common variable immunodeficiency have?

What challenges do people with common variable immunodeficiency have?

CVID: Patients with cvid frequently are prone to more respiratory infections. One is often given regular Immune Globulin injections as well. Many institutions do research and clinical trials on cvid. One such institution is the university of california, irvine school of medicine. ...Read more

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What is the definition or description of: Severe combined immunodeficiency?

What is the definition or description of: Severe combined immunodeficiency?

SCID: Severe combined immunodeficiency or SCID is a genetic disorder. Patients have non functioning T and B cells - cells that are critical parts of immune system. Patients are susceptible to bacterial, fungal and viral infections as they lack defenses to ward off infection. ...Read more

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What is the life expectency of someone who has severe combined immunodeficiency?

What is the life expectency of someone who has severe combined immunodeficiency?

Good with treatment: Without treatment, severe combined immunodeficiency is lethal in infancy. If treated with a bone marrow transplantation or similar immune reconstitution, before severe infections occur, life expectancy is the same as normal individuals. Adults with scid treated in childhood have their own children. Poor organ function as a result of infections leaving scars might limit life expectancy. ...Read more

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Anyone know of primary immunodeficiency?

Much is known: While primary immunodeficiency is relatively uncommon, there are doctors that specialize in its diagnosis and treatment. Start by talking with someone trained in allergy & immunology (i.e., an allergist). If they don't see many immune deficiency patients in their practice, they will be able to direct you to a clinical immunologist who specializes in those disorders. ...Read more

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What are body systems affected when having immunodeficiency?

What are body systems affected when having immunodeficiency?

Potentially any and: All.
Immunodeficiency makes a person susceptible to infections with can affect any organ system and often affects multiple systems at the same time. ...Read more

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Which test can be use to dignose/identify any immunodeficiency? Thanks

Which test can be use to dignose/identify any immunodeficiency? Thanks

History is important: The specific tests to identify an immunodeficiency are guided by the history and physical exam from your doctor. Tests to evaluate the immune system can include complete blood count (CBC) with differential, peripheral blood smear, esr, immunoglobulin (ig) profile with total iga, igm, igg and at times ige (if eczema present). Total hemolytic complement (ch50) and as well as HIV may be checked. ...Read more

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What is severe combined immunodeficiency scid?

What is severe combined immunodeficiency scid?

SCID: Scid is severe combined immunodeficiency syndrome. It is a serious immune defect (primary immunodeficiency = pid) that requires life-saving treatment. The immune deficiency foundation has a great parents handbook about all pid's including scid. Http://primaryimmune. Org. ...Read more

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What is scid severe combined immunodeficiency?

Immunodeficiency: Scid is one of the life threatening immunodeficiencies that a child can be born with. Because of missing part of the immune system these children lack any ability to fight infection. It is imperative that they are identified within the first weeks of life so that treatment can be obtained. ...Read more

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Is there a way to prevent severe combined immunodeficiency?

Is there a way to prevent severe combined immunodeficiency?

No: Scid is a genetic disease that children are born with. Currently there is no way to prevent scid. However, newborn screening for scid can identify scid patients very early in life and allow them the opportunity to be further eval/treated and save their lives. ...Read more

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Which enzyme is too low in severe combined immunodeficiency?

Which enzyme is too low in severe combined immunodeficiency?

Depends: There are different types of severe combined immunodeficiency (scid). The one which most commonly has a "low enzyme" is Adenosine deaminase deficiency (ada). Other forms of scid effect other genes, which have other important effects but are not "enzymes" as such. ...Read more

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Is there a way to test genetically for severe combined immunodeficiency?

Definetely: Severe combined immunodeficiency (scid) are a group of genetic diseases that have in common their manifestation as a severe immune compromise, resulting in lack of defenses against infections. Genetic testing is available is specialized laboratories. A promising development is newborn screening for scid in some states: wi, ma, ny, ca. ...Read more

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I have a mild immunodeficiency disorder. Am I likely to have a reaction to dyes?

Unlikely: Depending on the nature of the immune deficiency, you may be LESS likely to have an allergic reaction. It is possible, however. Yellow and red dyes have a propensity for causing allergy, probably because they're made from natural products. Blue dye has more of a propensity for causing a delayed rash (such as you might see with poison ivy). ...Read more

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If my brother had a child with immunodeficiency at birth, should I get tested to see if my children will have it?

If my brother had a child with immunodeficiency at birth, should I get tested to see if my children will have it?

Depends on diagnosis: Chances of having children with a genetic condition depend on the specific genetic diagnosis. If the immunodeficient child was a boy, and the condition is x-linked, (gene defective is in chromsome x), then it is highly unlikely that the father has a similar gene defect. In all other scenarios most specific diagnosis is necessary for further counseling. ...Read more